24th. November Sunday
The Transit of Venus over the sun 24th November. It was observed by Jeremiah Horrox, at Hoole, who has described it in his Venus in Sole Visa. He communicated his expectation of the circumstance to his friend William Crabtree, of Broughton, that he also might look out for a phenomenon which would not recur for more than a century. Crabtree looked, but the sky was overcast and be was unable to see anything. But a little before sunset, namely, about thirty-five minutes past three, certainly between thirty and forty minutes after three, the sun burst forth from behind the clouds. He at once began to observe, and was gratified by beholding the pleasing spectacle of Venus upon the sun’s disc. Rapt in contemplation, he stood for some time motionless, scarcely trusting his own senses through excess of joy. He was born 1610 and baptised 29th June. Re was a “clothier “—apparently a prosperous merchant of the seventeenth century. He married, in 1633, Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Pendleton. His mathematical and astronomical attainments were of a very high order—as is evidenced by his correspondence with Horrox, and by the warm testimony of Sir Edward Sherburne in his annotations upon Manilius. There is a translation of Horrox’s Latin discourse on the Transit by the Rev. A. B. Whatton (London, 1869). A paper by Mr. J. E. Bailey, giving biographical and bibliographical particulars, appeared In the Palatine Note­book. vol. ii., p. 253; vol. iii., p. 17.(7)