10th. January Sunday
The Duke of Bridgewater’s Canal locks at Runcorn opened. The rise from the river Mersey was 90 feet. January 10.(7)

1st. March Monday
A comedy was performed, entitled The Generous Rival; or, Beauty in Distress, written by a gentleman of Manchester. It was founded upon a story which was related at the Debating Society’s room, at the Angel Inn, Market Place. March 1.(7)

2nd. March Tuesday
Philip Astley, the equestrian, paid his first professional visit to Manchester, of which town he claimed to be a native, March 2. Astley is generally regarded as a native of Newcastle, but he had relations in Manchester. (7)

13th. April Tuesday
Helen Holker abjured the Protestant faith at the Maison des Nouvelles Catholiques, Rouen, April 13. She was then 14, and was the daughter of Laurence Holker, of Manchester. (Palatine Note-book, vol. iv., p. 135.) See under date 1786 for notice of the Lancashire Holkers settled in France.(7)

19th. April Monday
Mr. Edward Byrom, the founder of St. John’s Church, died April 19, aged 49 years. Mr. Byrom was a zealous Churchman, and much attached to all its ceremonies. He gave a silver mace to be carried before the officiating clergyman, from the vestry to the reading desk, and from the preacher’s pew to the pulpit. He was the son of John Byrom, F.R.S.(7)

27th April Tuesday
An enumeration of the houses and inhabitants of the town and parish of Manchester was made from an actual survey, and deposited by Rev. John Whitaker, April 27, in the College Library. The total of the enumeration was as follows :—

Houses Families Males Females Married Wives Widows
Manchester 8,402 5,317 10,358 11,933 7,724 432 1,064
Salford 866 1,099 2,248 2,517 1,775 89 149
Out Townships 2,371 2,525 6,942 6,844


21st. May Friday
The Russian Princess Czartoriski, Duchess of Oldenburgh, visited Manchester, May 21.(7)

24th. May Monday
A stage coach now ran from the Spread Eagle, Salford, to Liverpool, on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, and returned on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday. May 24. A stage coach now ran from the Spread Eagle, Salford, to Liverpool, on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, and returned on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday. May 24. (7)

No. 1 of a History of Manchester was published. It was announced to be completed in twenty-two numbers, 8vo, at 6d. each, and with a supplement, in thirty-six numbers, 4to, at 6d. each, and to be sold by Harrop, Newton, and Clarke. June. (7)

31st. July Saturday
Mr. Samuel Clowes, of Broughton Hall, died at Smedley, July 31.(7)

8th. August Sunday
Francis Reynolds, of Strangeways Hall, M.P. for Lancaster, Clerk of the Crown, and Provost Marshal of Barbadoes, died August 8. He was the father of the first Lord Ducie.(7)

25th. September Saturday
The Rev. John Clayton, fellow of the Collegiate Church, and known as the “Jacobite Churchman,” died on the 25th of September. He was the son of William Clayton, a bookseller in Manchester, was born in 1709, and educated at the Grammar School and at Brazennose College, Oxford. In 1732 he was introduced to Wesley, and became a prominent member of the Oxford Methodists. In 1733 he left Oxford and came to Manchester. In 1740 he was appointed one of the chaplains, and in 1760 elected a fellow of the Collegiate Church. He distinguished himself as the master of a private academy in Salford, and his pupils erected in the Cathedral a monument to his memory. He was the author of Friendly Advice to the Poor, published in 1755.(7)

Mr. George Williamson, who had been a chorister and singing man for 70 years at the Collegiate Church, died, aged 84. September.(7)

31st. December Wednesday
Mrs. Bent’s Charity was founded December 31. It consists of the interest of £50 to be given to poor housekeepers.(7)

A crank and comb to take wool from the cards in a continuous fleece was invented about this time by either James Hargreaves or Richard Arkwright.(7)

A considerable amount of annoyance and difficulty felt in relation to the currency of bank notes for small amounts. (7)

The “Diligence” coach left Manchester for Liverpool at six a.m., and the passengers breakfasted at Irlam, dined at Warrington, drank tea at Prescot, and reached Liverpool at nightfall.(7)

Mr. Otho Cooke, one of the feoffees of Chetham’s Hospital, and many years treasurer of the Infirmary, died.(7)