1781       

1st. March Thursday
Mr. Henry Whittaker, schoolmaster, of Salford, died March 1.(7)

30th. March Friday
The Wesleyan Chapel in Oldham Street opened, March 30, by Rev. John Wesley, who records in his diary that “the whole congregation behaved with the utmost seriousness.” (7)

19th. April Thursday
Mrs. Raffald died of spasms, after an hour’s illness, 19th April. Elizabeth Whittaker was born at Doncaster, and in 1748 entered service as housekeeper, and when with Lady Elizabeth Warburton, of Arley Hall, in that capacity, met the head gardener, Mr. John Raffald, to whom she was married at Great Budworth, 3rd March, 1763. In eighteen years she had sixteen daughters. They came to Manchester, and finally settled at the King’s Head, Salford. In 1769 appeared The Experienced English Housekeeper, which went through many editions. Baldwin, the London publisher, is said to have paid her £1,400 for the copyright in 1773. In 1772 she issued the first Manchester Directory, and it was re-issued in 1773, and again in 1781—the year of her death. A work on midwifery is said to have been completed in MS., and it is said that her husband, who did not share the business ability of his wife, sold it in London, but whether it was published is not known. At one time she gave lessons to young ladies in cookery and other branches of domestic economy. She is also said to have helped in the continuance of Harrop’s newspaper and in the commencement of Prescott’s, and that but for her aid Manchester would have been left without a newspaper. An account of her busy life is given in Harland’s Collectanea, vol i., p. 119; vol. ii., p. 144; Palatine Note-book, vol. i., p. 141.(7)

23rd. June Saturday
The first number of the Manchester Chronicle was printed and published by Charles Wheeler, in Hunter’s Lane, Cannon Street, June 23. The paper was conducted by Charles Wheeler and by his son John. It was discontinued June 23, 1838, but was revived by Josiah Leicester, under the heading of the Manchester Chronicle and Salford Standard, January 5, 1839, 4, St. Ann Street. It finally ceased December 31, 1842.(7)

28th July Saturday Pilkington-Bury
Edmund Grundy born at Cinderhill, Pilkington, July 28. Died at Parkhills, Bury, May 4, 1857. Unsuccessful candidate at the first Bury Parliamentary election, in 1832.
(9)

28th. July Saturday
A new market opened 28th July in Pool Fold. It was discontinued in 1803. Under date of 1782 will be found an account of the trial action brought against the promoters of this scheme.(7)

22nd. October Monday
Samuel Peploe, junior, LL.D., Warden of the Collegiate Church, died October 22, aged 82 years, and was buried at Chester. He was much respected by the clergy both at Manchester and at Chester, as he resided at both places, and was remarkable for his attendance on public worship. He was succeeded by the Rev. Richard Assheton, D.D.(7)

27th. October Saturday
Mr. Robert Thyer died at Manchester 27th October. This learned man was born at Manchester, February, 1708-9, and was Librarian of Chetham’s College. He is often mentioned in Byrom’s Journal, and was the editor of Samuel Butler’s Remains. (Grammar School Register, i., 39.) (7)

1781
There were 2,519 houses in Manchester assessed to the house tax.(7)

1781
The Manchester and Blackpool diligence set out from the Royal Oak, in the Market Place, every morning at six o’clock; arrived at the Red Lion Inn, in Preston, at noon; met the Lancaster, Penrith, and Carlisle diligence, and went to Forshaw’s at Blackpool. Fare to Blackpool, 15s. “The journey performed by Pickford and Co., D.V.”(7)

1781
The foundation of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society belongs to this year. It arose from conversational meetings held at a tavern by a number of gentlemen interested in literature and science. The history of the society and its labours has been told by Dr. Angus Smith in A Centenary of Science in Manchester. (London, 1883.)(7)

1781
Public Baths were erected near the Infirmary.(7)

1781
Home patients were admitted to the benefit of the Infirmary.(7)

1781
James Artingstall, who had been condemned to be hanged at Lancaster for his share in the riot at Manchester in July, 1780, received a pardon.(7)

1781
Mr. Richard Arkwright brought nine actions, in this year, against certain manufacturers for the infringement of his patent for the carding, drawing, and roving machines. An association of Lancashire spinners was formed to defend the actions.(7)

1781
“Mr. Fildes, in the same year in which Raikes began his work at Gloucester, opened a Sunday School in a Manchester cellar, a second in a garret, and a third in the first room in Manchester built expressly for Sunday School purposes, a room erected at Mr. Fildes’ own expense, behind his own dwelling house, in the neighbourhood of London Road.” (Tyerman’s Life of Wesley, vol. iii. p. 350.)(7)