1784       

30th. January Friday
Father Thomas Falkner, S.J., died at Plowden Hall, Salop, January 30, aged 77. He was born in Manchester, where his father was a surgeon. He was educated at the Grammar School, and practised as a surgeon in Manchester. About 1731 he was sent out as surgeon on a slave-ship to Africa, and from thence to Buenos Ayres. Here he was converted to Roman Catholicism and entered the Society of Jesus as a noviciate, May 5, 1732, and after his ordination entered on his missionary labours. In 1768 he was expelled, along with the other Jesuits, from South America. He afterwards removed to Plowden Hall, Shropshire. He was the author of A Description of Patagonia, editions of which appeared in German in 1775, in French in 1787, and in Spanish in 1835. (Gillow’s Bibliographical Dictionary of English Catholics.) (7)

23rd. February Monday
Samuel Kay, M.D., died 23rd February, aged 76. He was the first physician of the Manchester Infirmary, and. was notable for his benevolence. (Baker’s Memorials, p. 56.) (7)

March
Rev. John Wesley again visited Manchester, in March.(7)

10th. August Tuesday
The boroughreeve and constables issued an address, August 10th, recommending the establishment of Sunday schools. A meeting was held 28th September, at the Bull’s Head, and a committe was formed with Sir John Parker Mosley as president. Churchmen, Dissenters, and Roman Catholics served on this committee, and it was not until 1800 that sectarian disputes caused a rupture. This plan of joint management was copied in many other parts of the kingdom. Rooms were hired in dwelling-houses and the teachers were paid. The first building exclusively appropriated to the purpose of a Sunday school is said to be the cottages in Gun Street, Ancoats, which were the gift of Simeon Newton.(7)

31st. August Tuesday
Mr. Ralph Markland, lieutenant in the 23rd Regiment, died at Chorlton Hall, August 31.(7)

4th. September Saturday
Mr. Joseph Younger, one of the patentees of the Manchester theatre, died near Liverpool, September 4.(7)

8th. September Wednesday
Ann Lee died at Watervliet, New York, 8th September, aged 48 years and six months. She was born at Toad Lane, Manchester, 29th February, 1736, and was daughter of John Lee, a blacksmith. She married in 1762, Abraham Stanley, or Standerin, and had several children who died young. She joined a small religious sect, a remnant of the French prophets (see under date 1712), and became a leader. She was accepted as “Ann the Word,” and with some followers emigrated to America, where she was the foundress of the Shakers, who adopted a communistic life and the rule of celibacy. Her followers are remarkable for their honesty and industry. There is an extensive literature relating to the Shakers, whose official name is the “United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing.” (Axon’s Lancashire Gleanings.)(7)

1784
Admiral Lord Hood and his family visited Manchester.(7)

1784
Fustian tax of one penny per yard imposed upon all bleached cotton manufactures, if under the value of three shillings per yard, and twopence if exceeding that value. This tax was in addition to the already existing duty of threepence per yard. Deputations were sent from various towns, and the manufacturers were heard by counsel at the bar of the House; and in the following year Mr. Pitt brought in a bill which repealed the new duties of 1784 on linen and cotton manufactures.(7)