1785       

3rd. January Monday
Rules were drawn up for the government of Sunday schools in Manchester, at a meeting in the Manchester Hotel, at which Sir John Mosley presided. January 3.(7)

3rd. February Thursday
Mr. George Bell, M.D., died February 3. He was born in Dumfriesshfre in 1755, educated at the Universities of Glasgow and Edinburgh, and graduated M.D. in 1777. In March, 1781, he removed to Manchester, and became a member of the Literary and Philosophical Society on December 12, the same year. A memoir of him, by Dr. Currie, will be found in the Literary and Philosophical Society Memoirs, vol. ii., p. 382.(7)

15th. February Tuesday
The magistrates authorised the constables to prevent cock-fighting and the throwing of cocks during Shrove Tide. February 15. (7)

11th. March Friday
Mr. Stanley, M.P. for the county, presented a petition to the House of Commons from the manufacturers and inhabitants of Manchester against the commercial regulations between Great Britain and Ireland. March 11.(7)

15th. March Tuesday
The thermometer was from 1 to 18½ degrees below the freezing point from October 18, 1784, to March 15, except 26 days.(7)

4th. April Monday
Power-loom weaving was invented by the Rev. Dr. Edmund Cartwright, of Hollander House, Kent, by whom a patent was taken out on the 4th of April. In 1787 he patented an improved invention, and in 1809 he received a Parliamentary grant of £10,000. He was brother to the celebrated Major Cartwright, and died at Hastings on the 25th of October, 1832. (7)

8th. April Friday
Mr. Garrow, as counsel for the fustian manufacturers, was called to the bar of the House of Commons, when he spoke for two hours. April 8.(7)

12th. April Tuesday
Many thousands of weavers from Oldham and its vicinity, who had been thrown out of employ owing to the tax on manufactures, visited Manchester. April 12. (7)

21st. April Thursday
Mr. Thomas Walker and Mr. Thomas Richardson, the delegates, arrived express with the intelligence that the repeal of the tax upon fustians had been moved by Mr. Pitt, seconded by Mr. Fox, and carried without a division. The delegates alighted at the Bull’s Head, in the Market Place, which was filled with people. After a short speech by Mr. Walker they were placed upon two chairs and carried through the streets. April 21.(7)

22nd. April Friday
The gentlemen and ladies appeared with favours in token of the repeal of the fustian tax, April 22. (7)

12th. May Thursday
Mr. Sadler ascended in his balloon, 12th May, from a garden behind the Manchester Arms Inn, Long Millgate. It was then a private house.(7)

13th. May Friday
The Fustian Tax Repeal Act received the royal assent, May 13.(7)

17th. May Tuesday
The fustian tax repealed through the endeavours of Mr. Thomas Walker and Mr. Thomas Richardson, who were presented with a silver cup each. The victory was celebrated by public processions. May 17.(7)

19th. May Thursday
Mr. Sadler made his second balloon ascent, but on alighting was obliged to let it drive with the wind. May 19.(7)

12th. June Sunday
Jane Diggle, of Kersal Moor, died June 12. She had her coffin and suit made thirty years before she died.(7)

27th. August Saturday
A dinner was given to Thomas Stanley, M.P., at the Manchester Hotel, August 27. This was to celebrate his share in the repeal of the Fustian Act.(7)

1st. September Thursday
A musical festival was held in the Concert Hall, Fountain Street, Sept. 1.(7)

11th. September Sunday
Thomas Reynolds, second Baron Ducie, of Tortworth, died at Woodchester Park, September 11.(7)

15th. September Thursday
Lord Robert Spencer, Sir Frank Standish, Charles James Fox, and Mr. Grenville visited Manchester, and dined with the local adherents of the Liberal party. September 15.  (7)

2nd. October Sunday
The Rev. John Bennett preached a sermon in aid of Sunday schools, 2nd October. The following is a copy of the title-page :—
 
The Advantages of Sunday Schools: A discourse preached for the benefit of that useful and excellent charity, St. Mary’s Church, in Manchester, on Sunday, the 2nd of October, 1785; to which is prefixed some account of the origin, design, and progress of this institution. Published by order of the chairman of the committee. By the Rev. John Bennett, secretary to the society. Printed by J. Wheeler, and sold by J. Clark and all the booksellers in Manchester. (4to, pp. 20.)
(7)

8th. October Saturday
The scholastic session of the College of Arts and Sciences was opened with a lecture by Dr. Charles White, October 8.(7)

9th. October Sunday
Rev. Abel Ward died, at Neston, 9th October. He was a graduate of Queen’s College, Cambridge, and in 1745 became Rector of St. Ann’s. A strong advocate and defender of the Protestant succession, the authorities recognised the value of his aid by a succession of preferments. He preached against Popery and Jacobitism, and in 1751 became Archdeacon of Chester, after which he was only occasionally resident in Manchester. He wrote The Duty of rendering to all their Dues considered, a sermon. (Manchester, 1750.) (Earwaker’s Local Gleanings, No. 664.)(7)

1785
Peter Mainwaring, M.D., died, aged 91. He bequeathed his books to the Manchester Infirmary, where they became the nucleus of the present library.(7)

1785
A German named Baden was tried at Lancaster, and fined £500, for having visited Manchester and seduced cotton operatives to go to Germany.(7)

1785
The privileges of the spinning-jenny, which had partly been thrown open in 1783, were, in this year, wholly given to the public, when cotton mills began to increase as well as the population.(7)

1785
It was estimated by Mr. Pitt that the population employed in the cotton trade generally was 80,000.(7)

1785
Cylindrical calico printing was invented by a Scotchman named Bell, and was first successfully applied at Masney, near Preston, by Messrs. Livesey, Hargreaves, Hall, and Company.(7)