1816       

5th January Friday
There was a great flood in the Irwell, January 5 and 6.(7)

3rd February Saturday
Eleanor, Countess of Wilton, died at Heaton House, February 3, aged 67.(7)

17th March Sunday
The shock of an earthquake was felt March 17.(7)

24th March Sunday
Rev. William Cowherd died at Salford, 24th March. He was born at Carnforth, Lonsdale South of the Sands, in 1763. He became curate of St. John’s Church under the Rev. John Clowes, but when the Manchester disciples of Swedenborg formed a separate communion he was appointed the first minister of the chapel opened in Peter Street in 1793. Afterwards he formed the denomination of Bible Christians, and erected a chapel in King Street, Salford, where, in 1809, he made abstinence from animal food and intoxicants a condition of church membership. He was a contributor to the New Jerusalem Journal, and the author of Liturgy of the Lord’s New Church, Manchester, 1793; Facts Authentic in Science and Religion towards a new Translation of the Bible, Salford, 1816; Select Hymns, Manchester, 1800 and 1818; Letters on Religious Subjects, Salford, 1820 (a portion only is his). He was also the translator of Swedenborg’s Doctrine of the New Jerusalem concerning Faith, which was printed by the Manchester Printing Society, and editor of a translation made by three of his pupils of the Prodromos, Manchester, 1795. Mr. Robert Hindmarsh states that Mr. Cowherd claimed “the same kind of revelation as was given to Emanuel Swedenborg before him,” and regarded himself as the “greatest and most extraordinary man living.” This testimony is not without suspicion of controversial bias. A portion of his library is preserved in the Bible Christian Church, Cross Lane, Salford, the King Street chapel having been abandoned. (Axon’s Manchester Libraries; Hindmarsh’s Rise of the New Jerusalem Church; The Dawn, July 24, 1884; and Williams’s Ethics of Diet, p. 259.) He is buried under a tomb in Christ Churchyard, King Street, Salford, with the following inscription: “William Cowherd, the founder and minister of Christ Church, Salford, died 24th of March, 1816, aged 53 years. At his request is inscribed, ‘All feared, none loved, and few understood.’ ” This has given rise to some misapprehension, for the words are merely adapted from verge of Pope :—

 “He who would save a sinking land
All fear, none love, few understand.”

(7)

11th April Thursday
56 George III. cap. 12. Act for altering, amending, and extending the powers of two Acts of His present Majesty’s reign, for supplying with water the inhabitants of the towns of Manchester and Salford. April 11.(7)

16th April Tuesday
Mr. Thomas Battye died 16th April. His Red Basil Book and  other tracts on parochial affairs contain some vary curious evidences as to the social condition of Manchester at the beginning of the century.(7)

30th April Tuesday
Mr. William Godwin was in Manchester on April 30, and visited Thomas Walker. With this “venerable old gentleman” he spent “a delightful day” at Longford Hall, Stretford.(7)

1st May Wednesday
A free registry for “the encouragement of faithful female servants” opened In Chapel Walks, May 1.(7)

8th May Wednesday
Mr. Samuel Mottram died. He was the deviser of a plan for the dissemination of the views of Swedenborg by men who took covered hand-barrows of books, some for sale and some for gratuitous distribution. It has been suggested that this was the origin of the system of colportage, since so extensively employed by the Bible Society. (The Dawn, 8th May, 1884.)(7)

19th May Sunday
Mr. Nathaniel Milne, coroner for this division, and clerk to the magistrates, died May 19. Elected to the coronership in 1787, he was succeeded by his son, John Milne, Esq., who was elected June 10, 1816.(7)

18th June Tuesday
Mr. Isaac Clarke, bookseller, died June 18, aged 73. (7)

18th June Tuesday
Mr. Thomas Henry, F.R.S., died June 18, aged 82. This eminent chemist and philosopher was born at Wrexham October 26, 1734, where he received his education, and served an apprenticeship to a surgeon-apothecary. He first settled at Oxford; in 1759 he removed to Knutsford, where he married; and in 1764 removed to Manchester, where he continued to reside, “universally beloved for his conciliating qualities and private worth,” during his long life.(7)

20 June Thursday
56 George III. cap. 62. Act for building a bridge across the river Irwell from the township of Salford to Strangeways, in the township of Cheetham, and for making proper avenues thereto. June 20.(7)

17th August Saturday
Mr. Henry Atherton, barrister-at-law, of Lincoln’s Inn and Manchester, died, August 17, aged 76. He married a daughter of Edward Byrom, and his daughter was the late Miss Eleanora Atherton.(7)

24th August Saturday
Mr. Charles Taylor, M.D., died, August 24, at Hammersmith. He was a native of Manchester, and became secretary to the Society of Arts.(7)

September
Henry Crabb Robinson’s Diary for September has this entry: “Strolling into the Old Church at Manchester, I heard a strange noise, which I should elsewhere have mistaken for the bleating of lambs. Going to the spot, a distant aisle, I found two rows of women standing in files, each with a babe in her arms. The minister went down the line, sprinkling each infant as he went. I suppose the efficiency of the sprinkling—I mean the fact that water did touch—was evidenced by a distinct squeal from each. Words were muttered by the priest in his course, but one prayer served for all. This I thought to be a christening by wholesale, and I could not repress the irreverent thought that, being in the metropolis of manufactures, the aid of steam or machinery might be called in. I was told that on Sunday evenings the ceremany is repeated.”(7)

4th November Monday
A meeting in St. Peter’s Field, “to take into consideration the present state of the country,” November 4.(7)

19th November Tuesday
“Married, yesterday, at the Collegiate Church, by the Rev. C. D. Wray, John Braham, Esq., of Tavistock Square, London, to Frances Elizabeth, eldest daughter of the late George Bolton, Esq., of Ardwick.” (Harrop’s Mercury, Nov. 19, quoted in Palatine Note-book, vol. 1., p. 71.)(7)

30th December Monday
The Radical Reformers held meetings in St. Peter’s Field October 28, and again December 30.(7)

December
The Albion Cotton Mills, situated in Great Bridgewater Street, were burnt down, December. Damage £25,000.(7)

December
Mr. John Bradshaw, F.S.A., of Darcy Lever, died in December. He was a magistrate for the county division, a feoffee of Chetham’s Hospital, and Lieut.-Colonel of the Bolton Local Militia. His death was occasioned by the over­turning of the Blackburn mail at Pendleton.(7)

1816
The Market Cross, pillory, and stocks were removed from the Market Place, and the Obelisk, on the site of the old Exchange, taken down. This latter was called Nathan Crompton’s Folly, having been erected during his serving the office of boroughreeve.(7)

1816
The value of a Tyburn ticket, in Manchester, was from £350 to £400, whilst in London they sold for £23. The holders of these tickets were exempt from filling any public office in the town.(7)

1816
The day police consisted of a deputy constable and four beadles; the night police numbered 53.(7)

1816
The Ladies’ Bible Society was formed.(7)

1816
Mrs. Ward, wife of the manager of the Theatre Royal, took leave of the stage in the character of Elvira, in Pizarro.(7)