1817       

3rd January Friday
The Grand Duke Nicholas, afterwards Emperor of Russia, visited the town, January 3.(7)

4th January Saturday
Manchester Courier, No. 1, January 4, printed by Messrs. Howarth, Cowdroy, and Rathbone.(7)

17th January Friday
St. George’s Church, Oldham Road, was consecrated by Dr. G. H. Law, Bishop of Chester, Jan. 17.(7)

29th January Wednesday Rochdale-New Brighton-Kersal
Edwin Waugh born at Rochdale, January 29. Died at New Brighton, April 30, 1890; buried at Kersal Church.
(9)

January
A meeting of the inhabitants of Manchester was held to consider the “necessity of adopting additional measures for the maintenance of the public peace,” January.(7)

2nd Febuary Sunday
Mr. Thomas Walker died at Longford 2nd February. He was born 3rd April, 1749, and his father was a Bristol merchant, who settled in Manchester. In 1784 he led the successful opposition of the Manchester manufacturers to Pitt’s “Fustian Tax.” He was founder of the Constitutional Society, which desired the removal of the Test and Corporation Acts. In 1790 he was boroughreeve. Two years later his warehouse was attacked by a “Church and King mob.” In 1794 he was prosecuted for conspiracy, but the evidence was so plainly perjured that the charge was abandoned. In his latter years he approved of the imposition of the Corn Law. (Espinasse’s Lancashire Worthies.)(7)

5th March Wednesday
Mr. William Dunstan, governor of the New Bailey Prison, died February 20. He was succeeded by his son, Thomas Dunstan, who was elected March 5.(7)

29th(28th) February Friday
The first stone of the Strangeways Bridge was laid by Mr. W. D. Evans, 29th February. It crosses the Irwell near the top of Greengate, Salford, which place it  connects with Strangeways. It was built by subscription, and a toll was taken for many years, except from the tenants of Lord Ducie.(7)

10th March Monday
The second general meeting of the Manchester Radicals (Blanketeers) held in St. Peter’s Field, “to petition the Prince Regent for redress of grievances.” The intention was to proceed to London to present the petition in person. Each man had a blanket with him, as a protection against the weather on the road. The meeting was dispersed by the military, March 10. Two hundred persons were arrested.(7)

12th March Wednesday
Elijah Dixon arrested on suspicion of high treason, March 12, and detained till November following, when he was discharged. A notice of his death appears under date of 1870.(7)

16th March Sunday
The cotton spinning factory at Knot Mill, in the occupation of Messrs. Brown, Stones, Scholick, Armstrong, Stubbs, and Frost, was destroyed by fire, Sunday morning, March 16. The damage was estimated at £20,000.(7)

24th March Monday
Rev. James Daniel Burton died 24th March. He was born at Manchester 25th July, 1784. He became a Wesleyan minister, and was the author of A Guide for Youth, 1814.(7)

26 April Saturday
Margaret Marsden, aged 76, and Hannah Partington, a young woman, were murdered in the house of Mr. Thomas Littlewood, at Pendleton, April 26. (See under date 8th September.)(7)

23rd May Friday
57 George III. cap. 22. Act for amending an Act of His present Majesty for rebuilding Newton Chapel. May 23.(7)

2nd June Monday
Catherine Prescott died 2nd June at the reputed age of 108. She was a native of Denbigh, resided in George Leigh Street, and retained her faculties in a wonderful degree, having learned to read, without the aid of spectacles, partly in the Lancasterian School and partly in St. Clement’s Sunday School, after she was one hundred years old. She was buried at St. Mark’s, Cheetham Hill, in a grave presented to the family by the Rev. C. W. Ethelston. The evidence of her longevity is not beyond dispute. An interesting notice of her appears in Braidley’s Sunday School Memorials.(7)

3rd June Tuesday
Mr. John Taylor died in Salford, June 3, aged 65. He was educated at the Dissenting Academy of Daventry, under the late Dr. Ashworth, and was retained in the above academy as classical tutor for several years. He was subsequently stationed at Walmsley Chapel, in this county, and at Ilminster, in Somersetshire, as minister of Unitarian congregations. Some time after­wards, owing to a change in his opinions, he joined the Society of Friends, and for sixteen or seventeen years he was head master of the school belonging to that body in this town, which office he resigned owing to an attack of paralysis in 1811. It was this complaint which eventually caused his death. His son, John Edward Taylor, was the first editor and proprietor of the Manchester Guardian.(7)

13th June Friday
57 George III. cap. 47. Act for making and keeping in repair a carriage road from the township of Manchester to Newton Chapel, with a branch to the river Medlock, in the township of Droylsden. June 13.(7)

27th June Friday
57 George III. cap. 58. Act for building a bridge across the river Irwell, from Water Street, in the township of Salford, to St. Mary’s Gate, in the township of Manchester, and for making proper avenues thereto. Blackfriars Bridge. June 27.(7)

29th June Sunday
Mr. William Grant, the father of William, Daniel, and John Grant, died June 29th, aged 84.(7)

18th July Friday
Martha Routh, of Manchester, died 18th July, at London, whither she had gone to attend the yearly meeting. She was aged about 77, and had been many years a minister in the Society of Friends. (Northern Star.)(7)

July
There was a violent thunderstorm in Manchester and neighbourhood. Two men were killed at Pendleton, and many were hurt at other places. July.(7)

8th September Monday
James Ashcroft, the elder; James Ashcroft, his son; David Ashcroft, his brother; and William Holden, son-in-law to the elder Ashcroft, were executed 8th September, at Lancaster, for the murder and robbery at Mr. Littlewood’s, at Pendleton. They all died declaring their innocence. An account of the trial is given in Criminal Trials, vol. vi., p. 243.(7)

20th September Saturday
Thomas Armstrong, aged 34, was hanged at Lancaster 20th September for setting fire to his factory at Knot Mill. He is said to have been previously in peril of his life as one of the mutineers of the Nore.(7)

30th September Tuesday
John Thorp, born at Wilmslow, 1742, but after some stay in London became, in 1767, a resident in Manchester, where he was a minister of the Quaker body, and died 30th September. His Letters, addressed to various friends on religious subjects, were published, with a memoir by John Bradshaw (Liverpool, 1834). (Smith’s Catalogue.)(7)

1817
St. Saviour’s Church Schools, Choriton-on-Medlock, built.(7)

1817
A small volume printed with the title of Bibliographiana, by a Society of Gentlemen, originally published in the Manchester Exchange Herald in the years 1815 and 1816 (Manchester, printed by Joseph Aston, No. 4, St. Ann’s Street), only 24 copies printed. The articles were written by W Ford, J Midgeley, and others There is an annotated copy in the Manchester Free Library. Of a second series only ten copies were printed.(7)

1817
The Manchester Gas Works were erected in Water Street.(7)

1817
A Welsh Wesleyan Chapel was erected in Parliament Street.(7)

1817
Blackfriars Bridge, a wooden structure, was taken down.(7)

1817
The burial ground attached to St. Stephen’s Church, Salford, was consecrated by Dr. G. H. Law, Bishop of Chester.(7)

1817
An amateur performance for the benefit of the Lying-in Hospital produced £268.(7)

1817
The Water Works Company substituted iron pipes for those of stone which had been previously used.(7)

1817
The Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Chancery Lane, Ardwick, was built.(7)

1817
Mr. John Kennedy estimated the number of spindles in Great Britain at 6,545,833, and the number of operative spinners at 110,763.(7)

1817
The fly frame and the tube frame introduced into Manchester by Mr. John Cheeseborough Dyer, from America, who took out patents for them in 1825 and 1829.(7)

1817
Mr. Joseph Jordan founded the School of Anatomy, which was afterwards incorporated with the Royal School of Medicine and Surgery, founded in 1824.(7)