1820       

22nd January Saturday
Messrs. Clay and Cullingworth’s and Messrs. Hudson and Price’s warehouses, in Marsden Square, were burned down, January 22.(7)

January
The Rev. W. R. Hay presented, in January, to the valuable living of Rochdale, as a reward for his services in putting down the demand for reform, and especially for the forcible dispersal of the Peterloo meeting. He was deservedly an object of general detestation in Manchester.(7)

4th February Friday
Mr. Thomas Knight, one of the managers of the Manchester and Liverpool Theatres Royal, died at his seat, Manor House, Shropshire, February 4.(7)

7th February Monday
George IV. proclaimed in Manchester by Mr. Thomas Sharpe. There was a procession, and a feu de joie was fired at Ardwick Green by the 15th Hussars, the 31st Infantry, and the Manchester Yeomanry to celebrate the accession of George IV., February 7(7)

12th February Saturday
The printer of the Manchester Observer was fined £250 for a libel on Thomas Fleming, February 12.(7)

10th March Friday
Mr. Nathaniel Gould died March 10. He bequeathed several large sums to the various charities in Manchester. (7)

16th March Thursday
The trial of the Radical leaders, for the meeting at Peterloo, began March 16, at Lancaster Assizes, before Mr. Justice Bayley. Henry Hunt was sentenced to two years and six months’ imprisonment; whilst Joseph Johnson, Joseph Healey, and Samuel Bamford were condemned to one year’s Imprisonment. Bamford, in his Life of a Radical, has left a graphic account of the trial and of his prison experiences. Hunt issued periodical Letters from Manchester Gaol, and complained bitterly of his treatment.(7)

22nd March Wednesday
Mr. Joseph Clarke, bookseller, died March 22, aged 81.(7)

27th March Monday
John Dunn was hanged at Lancaster 27th March for the murder of Margaret Grimes at Manchester.(7)

12th April Wednesday
All Saints’ Church, Oxford Road, was consecrated April 12. It was founded by the Rev. Charles Burton, LL.D., who became the rector of the church.(7)

14th April Friday
Mr. Francis Ridings, for thirty years principal horn player at the theatre, died April 14.(7)

24th April Monday
The anniversary of George IV.’s birthday was observed by the civil and military authorities of the town, who went in procession to Ardwick Green, and a feu de joie was fired, April 24.(7)

10th May Wednesday
Mr. John Okey died May 10. He was adjutant of the first regiment of Manchester Volunteer Infantry, and subsequently of the Local Militia, commanded by Colonel Silvester.(7)

17th June Saturday
The keystone of Blackfriars Bridge was laid by J. E. Scholes, boroughreeve of Salford, 17th June. The bridge was opened 1st August by Thomas Fleming.(7)

24th June Saturday
Mr. James Watson, commonly called the “Doctor,” a man of some literary power but of eccentric habits, was drowned in the river Mersey, near Didsbury, June 24. Some of his humorous pieces were published under the title of the Spirit of the Doctor, 1820. He was editor of The Gleaner, Salford, 1806.(7)

8th July Saturday
1 George IV. cap. 58. Act to repeal an Act made in the fifty-eighth year of His late Majesty, for building a chapel of ease in the township of Pendleton and parish of Eccles. July 8.(7)

21st July Friday
The Law Library, Marsden Square, was established July 21.(7)

1st August Tuesday
Rev. William Hawkes died 1st August. He was born in Birmingham 10th February, 1759, and was for 31 years minister of the Mosley Street Unitarian Chapel. There is a Sketch of his Character by J. Corrie, and a notice in the Monthly Repository, 1814, p. 596.(7)

11th September Monday Prestwich-Pilkington
Formation of Prestwich and Pilkington Botanical Society, September 11.
(9)

27th September Wednesday
St. Augustine’s Catholic Chapel, Granby Row, was opened September 27. Cost £10,000. The architect was John Palmer.(7)

8th October Sunday
Mr. Otho Hulme died October 8. He was founder of the firm of O. Hulme and Sons.(7)

12th October Thursday
Rev. Rowland Broomhead died October 12. He was born at Stannington, 27th August, 1751, and studied in the English College at Rome, and on his ordination preached before Clement XIV. In 1778 he was appointed to the mission in Manchester and the district, and under his guidance St. Mary’s, Mulberry Street, and St. Augustine’s, Granby Row, were built. When he came to Manchester the Roman Catholics numbered 1,000; when he died, about 40,000. A Brief Memoir of him was published. There are two engraved portraits. He was buried at St. Augustine’s.(7)

23th October Monday
Mr. Samuel Taylor, of Moston, died 23rd October, aged 48. He was a magistrate, and lieutenant-colonel of the Manchester and Salford Rifle Regiment of Volunteers, and also Grand Master of the Orangemen of Great Britain from 1807 till his death, when he was succeeded by the Duke of York. A monument is erected to his memory in the Collegiate Church.(7)

29th October Sunday
Thomas Barritt died October 29, aged 77. He was born in Withy Grove, where he carried on the business of a saddler, but devoted all his leisure to archaeological pursuits, and accumulated a library and a valuable collection of antiquities. The regard felt for him is well expressed by Mr. Joseph Aston in a memorial card which was printed at the time :-  

HERE RESTETH THE REMAINS OF THOMAS BARRITT, A PROFOUND ANTIQUARIAN AND A GOOD MAN.

He died honoured and respected by all ranks of society, October 29, 1820, aged 77 year’s. 

In Mancunium lived a man who knew
Much of old time, and much of ancient lore;
Strange and scarce books had he, and curious coins,
Medals and painted glass, and pondrous arms;
Helmets and breastplates, gauntlets vast, and shields
Of many kinds, proof against bloody war:
Swords without number, of all murdering shapes,
And one, which erst had grac’d a prince’s thigh,
More valued than the rest—and more rever’d
By him who owned it, and by all his friends.
He was vers’d in heraldry, and could tell
How all the thanes, and all the knights, and squires,
Within his shire, had sprung from times remote.
And famed too, was he, for his industry;
For aye at work, for much his business called;
And yet full many a picture did he paint.
Pedigrees copied, branch and root, and carvings made
Of antique shapes; and almost beyond belief,
Helmets and shields, to rival Greece and Rome;
Stealing from sleep the time to give them form:
Nay once, grappling Patience, he made a suit of mail,
With thousand upon thousand links, for the love
He bore to ancient arms; for he was curious
As the searching air, which pries, without a blush,
Into things scarce, or sacred, or profane.

Barritt was thrice married, his last wife dying in 1825. In early life he had the misfortune to lose a leg, and had recourse to one of cork. He was interred by torchlight, and his remains were attended to the grave by thirty or forty of the most respectable inhabitants of the town. The bulk of his manuscripts were purchased by the feoffees of Chetham’s College; his collection of ancient arms, armour, and other antiquities, were disposed of by lottery; his collection of ancient stained glass pictures, together with his drawings, were purchased by the late Mr. W. Ford; and his books, &c., were sold by auction by Mr. Thomas Dodd. A MS. volume of verse, compiled by Barritt, for his two boys in 1807, is described in Papers of the Manchester Literary Club, vol. ii., p. 156. There is a notice of him in the Dictionary of National Biography.(7)

20th November Monday
There was a partial illumination of the town to celebrate the withdrawal of the Bill of Pains and Penalties against Queen Caroline, November 20.(7)

4th December Monday
A meeting was held in the Manor Courtroom, Brown Street, to move addresses to George IV. and Queen Caroline, expressive of indignation as to the proceedings against the queen. Mr. Baxter presided, the boroughreeve having previously refused to call a public meeting. December 4. A counter-demonstration of the High Church party was held in the large room of the Police Office, 9th December, when a loyal address to the king was adopted.(7)

1820
Wesleyan Methodist Chapel erected in Grosvenor Street, Chorlton-upon-­Medlock.(7)

1820
In Blackwood’s Magazine for December there is printed “A Prologue Spoken before a Private Theatrical Performance in Manchester.” This private theatre was in the house of Mr. Thomas Ainsworth, in King Street, and the youthful performers included W. H. Ainsworth, J. R. Stephens, and others. The prologue was written by James Crossley. (Manchester Guardian Local Notes and Queries, No. 1065.)(7)

1820
The Manchester Chamber of Commerce was established for the promotion of measures calculated to benefit and protect the trading interests of its members, and the general trade of the town and neighbourhood of Manchester.(7)

1820
The Salford Gas Works, Clowes Street, was erected by Messrs. Appleby, Clay, and Fisher. From these works Salford was supplied by contract until December, 1831.(7)

1820
The Church Building Commissioners submitted to a parish meeting an offer to build three new churches if the parish would pay for sites by a church rate; but the inhabitants, by a majority of 720 votes against 418, refused the rate.(7)

1820
Dr. Samuel Hibbert Ware, of Edinburgh (formerly of Manchester), was presented by the Royal Society of Arts with their large gold medal, for his discovery of chromate of iron in one of the Shetland Isles.(7)

1820
All Saints’ Church, Chorlton-on-Medlock, consecrated.(7)

1820
Mr. Hugh Hornby Birley gazetted as major of the Manchester Yeomanry, vice T. J. Trafford, resigned.(7)

1820
The silk-throwing mill of Mr. Vernon Royle, erected 1819-20, is said to have been the first to be completed and brought to perfection in Manchester.(7)