1830       

11th January Monday
Rev. William Roby died at Manchester, January 11. He was born at Wigan, March 23, 1766. He was a man of great distinction amongst the Congregationalists, and was the author of Lectures on Revealed Religion; and various sermons and pamphlets. (McAll’s Funeral Sermon and Memoir, 1838).(7)

27th February Saturday
Mr. J. C. Dyer effected considerable improvements in the method of roving. His method was patented February 27.(7)

11th March Thursday
Mr. Matthew Mason, for 23 years governor of Manchester Workhouse, died March 11.(7)

19th March Friday
11 George IV. cap. 8. Act for better cleansing, lighting, watching, regulating, and improving the town of Salford. March 19.(7)

21st March Sunday
Mr. Robert Barnard died, March 21. He was of Coalbrookdale, Shropshire, and afterwards of Manchester. He was author of The Leisure Hour Improved, ;1809; Memoirs of Francis, commonly called St. Francis, de Sales, 1814; and of A Wreath from the Wilderness, 1816. (Smith’s Friends’ Books.)(7)

8th April Thursday
11 George IV. and 1 William IV. cap. 23. Act for more effectually repairing and improving the road from Chorlton Row, near Manchester, to the bridge at the cornmills at Wilmslow. April 8.(7)

14th April Wednesday
Mr. Joseph Nelson, the manager of Mr. Baines’s improvements at Chat Moss and the first successful improver of that waste, died there, April 14, aged 84.(7)

24th April Saturday
Twelve persons were drowned near the railway bridge, in the Irwell, by the upsetting of a boat. April 24.(7)

1st May Saturday
Mr. Francis Woodiwis, currier, of Fennel Street, died May 1, aged 72. He was a man of penurious habits, by which he amassed a fortune of nearly £100,000.(7)

12th May Wednesday
A Temperance Society formed 12th May, with a pledge against the use of  ardent spirits. (Winskill’s Temperance Reformation, p. 23.) (7)

20th May Thursday
Mr. Charles Robinson was found shot in Oxford Road, May 20, on his returning home from Manchester. The murderer was never detected, but it was regarded as a trade outrage.(7)

28th May Friday
The foundation stone of Christ Church, Acton Square, Salford, was laid May 28; consecrated November, 1831. The first rector was the Rev. Hugh Stowell, M.A.(7)

29th May Saturday
11 George IV. cap. 47. Act to amend several Acts for supplying the town of Manchester with gas, and for regulating and improving the same town. May 29.(7)

May
The first Co-operative Congress was held in May.(7)

5th June Saturday
Mr. Foster Ellis, of Hulme, died June 5, aged 85. He was forty years in the army, having entered the service in 1775, and was orderly to General Elliot at the siege of Gibraltar.(7)

8th June Tuesday
The first Sir Robert Peel, Bart., though not connected by birth with the town of Manchester, claims notice as one of the most active, intelligent, and successful merchants who frequented her markets, and where, in 1788, he carried on the business of a banker. He was born at Peel Fold, near Blackburn, April 25, 1750, and died at Drayton Manor, in Staffordshire, June 8, 1830, having accumulated by integrity and industry upwards of two millions sterling. His eldest son, the late Sir Robert Peel, was born at Chamber Hall, Bury, in 1788. Sir Robert Peel procured the patronage of the king for the Manchester Infirmary, and since that period it has been called the Royal Infirmary. Sir Robert Peel left to the Infirmary and Lunatic Asylum in Manchester, and to the Lying-in Hospital of Salford, £100 each.(7)

1st July Thursday
Mr. Richard Roberts invented an improvement in the self-acting mule for the spinning of cotton, which was patented July 1.(7)

7th September Tuesday
Mr. Edward Hobson, of this town, died at Bowdon, September 7. Mr. Hobson, though in humble life, had, by perseverance, aided by good natural talents, become a thoroughly skilful botanist, mineralogist, geologist, ahd entomologist. His Musci Britannici (of which, from the nature and extent of the work, a very few copies were issued) stands a recognised monument of his soundness in that particular and intricate portion of the science of botany, as the general reference made to the work by Sir W. J. Hooker and Dr. Taylor will testify. Upon other subjects of natural history he was in correspondence with many eminent authors, and his investigations and opinions were much respected.(7)

14th September Tuesday
Rev. Charles Wickstead Ethelstone, M.A., died at Crumpsall, September 14. He was born at Manchester 24th March, 1767, and was Fellow of the Collegiate Church and incumbent of St. Mark’s, Cheetham Hill. He wrote The Suicide, and other Poems. (Manchester School Register, vol. ii., p. 4.)(7)

15th September Wednesday
The Manchester and Liverpool Railway was opened September 15, in the presence of the Duke of Wellington, attended by a great number of nobility and gentry, and amidst the loud greetings of many thousands of spectators. The Right Hon. William Huskisson was unfortunately killed at Parkside, near Newton-le-Willows, which threw a gloom over the festivities of the day. The cost of the whole undertaking, up to June, 1830, was £820,000. There is a graphic account of the opening day in Fanny Kemble’s Records, and another in F. H. Grundy’s Pictures of the Past. The engineering details are given in Smiles’s Life of George Stephenson.(7)

7th October Thursday
St. Thomas’s Church, Pendleton, founded September 23, and consecrated October 7, 1831.(7)

7th October Wednesday
Chorlton-upon-Medlock Town Hall, Grosvenor Square, was commenced October 13, and finished October 13, 1831.(7)

17th December Friday
Mr. Isaac Blackburne, distributor of stamps, and brother to Mr. John Blackburne, M.P., of Hale, died December 17, aged 72.(7)

28th December Tuesday
Harrop’s Manchester Mercury, which commenced March 3, 1752, expired December 28, after an existence of 79 years.(7)

1830
“The Associate" was a small Manchester newspaper of the 1830 period, the prettiest named and best printed and most varied in its contents of any paper of that species.” (Holyoake’s History of Co-operation, vol ii., p. 14.)(7)

1830
The Sunday School in connection with Charlestown Independent Chapel opened in Shemwell Street.(7)

1830
St. Thomas’s Sunday Schools, Ardwick, built.(7)

1830
The Manchester Gentlemen’s Glee Club established.(7)

1830
United Trades Co-operative Journal published. (Holyoake’s History of Co-operation, vol. i., p. 151.)(7)

1830
There was a co-operative scheme projected for the cultivation of Chat Moss. (Ibid. p. 155.)(7)

1830
The Foreign Library was founded.(7)

1830
The duty on printed cottons was reduced.(7)

1830
The number of yards of goods printed in Great Britain was 130,053,520; the amount of capital in the trade was estimated at £56,000,000, employing 330,400 persons in factories alone.(7)

1830. Farnworth
Gas supplied at Farnworth was 9s. per 1,000 feet.
(9)