1834       

13th January Monday
The Northern and Central Bank of England opened in Brown Street, January 13. It has since been given up.(7)

30th January Thursday
The Salford Commissioners of Police purchased the Town Hall and Market from the proprietors for £3,000, January 30.(7)

January
a fire broke out In Newall’s Buildings, Market Street, which destroyed about £5,000 worth of paintings that were being exhibited there, together with various other property. January.(7)

3rd February Monday
Mr. Thomas Joseph Trafford appointed high sheriff of the county, Feb. 3. The procession which accompanied him on entering upon the functions of his office passed through Manchester August 8.(7)

26th February Wednesday
The first society on a purely “total abstinence” basis is said to have been formed at Oak Street, 26th February (Winskill’s Temperance Reformation, p. 61); but it is more probable that the society did not originate until 17th September of this year, and that it was not an exclusively teetotal organisation, although it is sometimes said to have been the first of that kind in the United Kingdom. Its claim to priority has been disputed. The date of the abandonment of the pledge of “moderation” for that of total abstinence is believed to be February, 1835.(7)

5th March Wednesday
Rev. Moses Randall, chaplain of the Collegiate Church, died March 5, aged 65.(7)

19th March Wednesday
Mr. Thomas Wroe was appointed comptroller to the Manchester Police Commissioners, March 19.(7)

24th March Monday
Mr. William Vaughan, master of the Manchester School for the Deaf and Dumb, died March 24, aged 45.(7)

March
Mr. John Shuttleworth was appointed distributor of stamps for this district, March.(7)

5th May Monday
The new Police Court, New Bailey, opened May 5. Dimensions, 38 feet by 50 feet, and 20 feet in height.(7)

12th May Monday
Commercial Bank of England, Mosley Street, commenced May 12.(7)

20th May Tuesday
Prince Jerome Bonaparte, ex-King of Westphalia, accompanied by several distinguished foreigners, visited Manchester, May 20.(7)

22nd May Thursday
A Convent of the Presentation Order (nuns) was founded adjacent to St. Patrick’s Catholic Chapel, Livesey Street, May 22.(7)

28th May Wednesday
Mr. John Sharpe, F.R.S. and F.S.A., died at Richmond, Surrey, May 28. He was formerly a member of the firm of Sharpe, Eccles, and Cririe, solicitors, of this town.(7)

May
Mr. H. B. Bingham appointed Master of the School for the Deaf and Dumb, May.(7)

6th June Friday
Mary Leigh died June 6, aged 82. By her former marriage she was known by the name of Polly Smith, of the Old Sun Tavern, New Market, Market Street.(7)

20th June Friday
The foundation of the new Manchester and Liverpool District Bank, Spring Gardens, laid by Mr. Robert Barbour, June 20.(7)

20th June Friday
The Rev. Thomas Gaskell, incumbent of Newton Heath, died June 20. (7)

21st June Saturday
Sir Daniel Bayley, K.H., died 21st June, and was buried at Tottenham. He was the eldest son of Mr. Thomas B. Bayley, J.P., F.R.S., and was born Sept. 14, 1766, and educated at the Manchester Grammar School and at the Warrington Academy. At an early age he was sent to a mercantile house in St. Petersburg, and subsequently became a partner in the firm of Thornton and Melville. In consequence of great pecuniary losses he retired from business, and in 1812 was appointed Consul-General at St. Petersburg, and agent to the Russia Company. He was knighted 20th June, 1815, in consequence of valuable intelligence and advice as to Russian affairs during the war with Napoleon. During the absence from Russia of Earl Cathcart, the English Ambassador, he was chargé d’affaires, and for the services thus rendered Sir Daniel was made a knight of the Hanoverian Guelphic Order. Sir Daniel was a member of the Manchester Agricultural Society, and was twice married.(7)

7th July Monday
By the fall of three buildings in Long Millgate two boys and a girl were killed, July 7.(7)

13th July Sunday
The riots occurred between Orangemen and Catholics, July 13, 14.(7)

26th July Saturday
The Manchester police van, capable of holding eighteen persons, first came into use for the conveyance of prisoners between the lockups and the New Bailey, July 26.(7)

30th July Wednesday
A tremendous thunderstorm in the neighbourhood of Manchester did much damage. Two men were killed at Newton Heath, and a woman at Prestwich, by the lightning. July 30.(7)

July
Dr. R. B. Grindrod held a series of temperance meetings at Miles Platting in July, and the result was the establishment of a teetotal society. It was at one of its gatherings that the Rev. F. Beardsall signed the pledge, 6th September. “It seems clear that the Miles Platting Total Abstinence Society was the first general public and exclusively teetotal society in England.” (Winskill.)(7)

1st August Friday
A meeting was held in the Exchange dining room to celebrate the termination of slavery in all the British colonies, August 1.(7)

21st August Friday
Mr. John Lever, of Alkrington Hall, near Middleton, died Aug. 21, aged 66.(7)

24th August Sunday
Elizabeth Smith shot by her husband, an artilleryman, near the Cavalry Barracks, Hulme, August 24.(7)

27th August Wednesday
The corner stone of the Methodist New Connexion Chapel, Peter Street was laid August 27.(7)

August
Iturbide, the ex-Emperor of Mexico, accompanied by General O’Leary, visited Manchester, August. They were the guests of Mr. Junius Smith, of Strangeways Hall.(7)

August
The old club-house in Mosley Street was sold to Mr. John Dugdale for £7,500, being twice the amount at which it had been valued a few years earlier. August.(7)

August
Mr. Francis Mallalieu, of this town, was appointed a stipendiary magistrate at Barbadoes in August.(7)

3rd September Wednesday
At the poll the struggle of the Dissenters of Manchester against the half­penny church-rate ended in the refusal of the rate by a majority of 1,122 There were 5,857 for and 7,019 against the payment of the rate. September 3.(7)

10th September Wednesday
A branch of the Manchester and Rochdale Canal, from Maden Fold to Heywood, was opened September 10.(7)

19th September Friday
A subscription started for the erection of a Blind Asylum in Manchester, March 13. About 24,000 square yards of land were purchased at Old Trafford, September 19.(7)

24th September Wednesday
The first legal proceedings in Lancashire under the new Factory Act were taken September 24.(7)

24th September Wednesday
A Temperance Conference held in Manchester, at which there were fifty delegates present. September 24.(7)

27th September Saturday
Mr. Ducrow opened the Theatre Royal with equestrian performances, September 27; closed November 19.(7)

17th October Friday
Manchester October Races originated, October 17.(7)

21st October Tuesday
Edward, twelfth Earl of Derby, died at Knowsley, October 21, in his 83rd year. His lordship filled the office of lord-lieutenant of this county for nearly 59 years. He was born September 18, 1752, and succeeded his grandfather, Edward, the eleventh earl, 24th February, 1776. He was succeeded by his only son, Lord Stanley, who had been called to the House of Lords in 1832 by the title of Baron Stanley of Bickerstaffe.(7)

27th October Monday
Mr. James Harrop, eldest son of the late Joseph Harrop, of the Manchester Mercury, died October 27.(7)

27th October Monday
Mr. William Sergeant, of Cornbrook Bank, and of the firm of Sergeant and Milne, solicitors, died October 27.(7)

29th October Wednesday
Mr. Archibald Prentice, proprietor of the Manchester Times, was charged at the sessions with publishing a libel on Mr. Thomas Sowler, proprietor of the Courier. The jury, after being locked up eight hours, found the defendant “guilty of writing and publishing, but not with a malicious intent,” and the chairman decided that this amounted to an acquittal. October 29.(7)

31st October Friday
Mr. Taylor’s shop and workshops, situated in Mason Street, Swan Street, destroyed by fire. The damage was estimated to be from £2,000 to £3,000. October 31.(7)

3rd November Monday
A splendid Aurora Borealis visible from Manchester, November 3.(7)

19th November Wednesday
Mr. James Bruce, who was master of the Exchange twenty-four years, died November 19, aged 79.(7)

November
The silent system adopted in the New Bailey, November.(7)

1834
Town Hall Buildings, King Street, commenced. Frontage finished December, 1839.(7)

1834
The number of streets in the town estimated at 2,000, and of houses at 40,837.(7)

1834
Manchester paid in postages £60,621 11s. 6d.(7)

1834
The Market Street improvement completed; and, from a summary of receipts and expenditure of the commissioners to the end of this year, the sum of £232,925 14s. had been expended. To Mr. Thomas Fleming the town of Manchester was indebted for his zeal and activity both in originating and in carrying out this most valuable and important improvement of a great public thoroughfare.(7)

1834
Dr. Grindrod began a Juvenile Temperance Society in the Mechanics’ Institute, Cooper Street. The name “Band of Hope” was not adopted by these organisatlons until 1845, and is said to have been suggested by Mr. Carlisle, of Dublin. (Winskill’s Temperance Reformation, p. 255.)(7)

1834
A day school attached to the Scotch Church, established upon the plan of the Edinburgh Sessional School, and under the care of the minister and the Kirk Session.(7)

1834
The population of Manchester was 200,000, of whom 15,000 lived in cellar dwellings.(7)

1834
The quantity of cotton retained in England for home consumption was 295,684,997 pounds. The export of cotton yarn amounted to 76,478,468 pounds. The quantity of yarn spun in England was 241,731,118 pounds.(7)