1837       

7th January Saturday
The Corn Exchange, Hanging Ditch, was opened January 7. The cost of the building was £4,000. The area of the room is nearly 600 square yards.(7)

7th January Saturday
A malicious explosion of gas at Mrs. Kempshead’s shop in Market Street, January 7, caused damage to the extent of £3,000. A public subscription was opened for her benefit.(7)

21st January Saturday
Mr. John Henry Perkins, first superintendent of the Lancasterian School in this town, died January 21, aged 63.(7)

30th January Monday
The new school and high master’s house, belonging to the Free Grammar School, completed at an expense of £7,500. Opened January 30. The house was subsequently converted into the Cathedral Hotel.(7)

10th February Friday
Mr. John Atkinson Ransome, senior surgeon to the Manchester Royal Infirmary, died February 10, in his 58th year. Mr. Ransome was born at Norwich, March 4th, 1779; served his apprenticeship at Lynn, and came to Manchester in 1805.(7)

25th February Saturday
Rev. Henry Gillow died February 25, aged 41. He was ordained priest December 21, 1821, and immediately afterwards took charge of the St. Mary’s Mission, in Mulberry Street. He was a very zealous Catholic priest, and was chairman of the Catholic School Committee, which was the means of opening schools in the town and its environs. (Gillow’s Bibliographical Dictionary, English Catholic.)(7)

4th April Tuesday
The first public sale of raw silk in Manchester is said to have been held April 4.(7)

April
Great distress prevailed amongst the working classes on account of bad trade and the dearness of food. April.(7)

April
St. Jude’s Church, Canal Street, Ancoats (late a chapel belonging to the Tent Methodists), was opened, April.(7)

5th May Friday
The Victoria Park Company incorporated under an Act of Parliament (7 William IV. and 1 Vic. cap. 34), May 5; opened July 31. The park contains 140 acres, and is situated in the townships of Rusholme, Moss Side, and Chorlton-upon-Medlock.(7)

5th May Friday
7 William IV. and 1 Victoria, cap. 21. Act for making a railway from Sheffield to Manchester. May 5.(7)

5th May Friday
7 William IV. and 1 Victoria, cap. 24. Act for enabling the Manchester and Leeds Railway Company to vary the line of such railway, and for amending and enlarging the powers and provisions of the Act relating thereto May 5.(7)

5th May Friday
7 William IV. and 1 Victoria, cap. 27. Act for enabling the Liverpool and Manchester Railway Company to raise more money, and for amending and enlarging the powers and provisions of the several Acts relating to the said railway. May 5.(7)

May
The third Socialist (Co-operative) Congress was held in the Social Institution, Great George Street, Salford, in May.(7)

May
Mr. Benjamin Robert Haydon visited the town in order to advocate the establishment of a School of Design. He was here in May and June. He writes in his diary : “Manchester in a dreadful condition as to art. No School of Design. The young men drawing without instruction. A fine anatomical figure shut up in a box; the housekeeper obliged to hunt for the key. I’ll give it them before I go.” (See under date 21st January, 1838, and 25th March, 1839.)(7)

8th June Thursday
7 William IV. and 1 Victoria, cap. 43. Act for effectually amending the roads from Manchester, through Oldham, to Austerlands, in the county of York, and from Oldham to Ashton-under-Lyne, and from Oldham to Rochdale, and other roads, and for making and maintaining new lines to communicate therewith. June 8.(7)

10th June Saturday
Fire at Mr. Fairweather’s factory, Cambridge Street, June 10. The damage was estimated at £2,000.(7)

10th June Saturday
Mr. Robert Owen’s periodical The New Moral World transferred to Manchester (voL iii. printed by John Gadsby, vol. iv. by Abel Heywood; vol. vii. was printed at Leeds). From 10th June, 1837, to 8th November, 1845, it was edited by Mr. G. A. Fleming. (Holyoake’s History of Co-operation, vol. i., p. 219.) (7)

18th June Sunday Bury-Ringley-Chichester
John Russel Walker born, at Bury, June 18. Incumbent of St. Saviour's, Ringley, 1870-74. Appointed Canon-Residentiary of Chichester Cathedral; 1874. Archdeacon of Chichester from 1879 to his death, October 31, 1887. Nephew of the first M.P. for Bury.
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20th June Tuesday
The accession of Queen Victoria was proclaimed in this town, June 20.(7)

21st June Wednesday
The School for the Deaf and Dumb, and Henshaw’s Blind Asylum, Old Trafford, opened with procession, June 21.(7)

30th June Thursday
7 William IV. and 1 Victoria, cap. 69. Act for making a railway from Manchester to join the Grand Junction Railway, in the parish of Chebsey, in the county of Stafford, to be called “The Manchester and Birmingham Railway,” with certain branches there from. June 30.(7)

4th July Tuesday
The Grand Junction Railway, connecting Manchester with Birmingham and London, was opened July 4.(7)

12th July Wednesday
The Cattle Market, Cross Lane, Salford, was opened July 12.(7)

12th July Wednesday
1 Victoria, cap. 112. Act for enabling the Directors of the Manchester Gas Works to purchase lands, buildings, and apparatus for the extension of their works. July 12.(7)

26th July Wednesday
The Parliamentary election for the borough of Salford was held July 26, when the following were the numbers at the close of the poll: Mr. Joseph Brotherton, 889; Mr. Wm. Garnett, 888.(7)

27th July Thursday
The Parliamentary election for the borough of Manchester, July 27, when the following were the numbers at the close of the poll: Right Hon. C. P. Thomson, 4,127; Mr. Mark Philips, 3,759; Mr. William Ewart Gladstone, 2,324.(7)

18th August Friday
Mustapha Rechid Bey Effendi, the Turkish Ambassador, and suite, visited Manchester and inspected several of the manufactories, August 18.(7)

7th September Thursday
The new Asylum for Female Penitents, in Embden Place, Greenheys, opened September 7.(7)

7th September Thursday
The “Old Bridge” over the Irwell closed, for the purpose of being taken down, and one of wood opened for foot-passengers, September 7.(7)

7th September Thursday
Manchester General Cemetery, Harpurhey, was opened in September. The first interred was a still-born child; the second was Marian Segate Watt, aged nine years, September 7.(7)

8th September Friday
The foundation stone of the Unitarian Chapel in Upper Brook Street was laid September 8.(7)

15th September Friday
The Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Cheetham Hill, was opened September 15.(7)

24th September Sunday
Presbyterian Church, Mill Street, Ancoats, opened September 24.(7)

2nd October Monday
Mr. John Stanley Gregson died of consumption, at Brixton, 2nd Oct. He was within a month of 37. He was educated at the Moravian School, Fairfield. Owing to a disappointment in love, he is said to have enlisted as a private soldier, but was bought off. This has been denied. He was set up as a book seller in Market Street, and was the author of Gimcrackiana and The Code of Common Sense, both published at Manchester in 1833. He also wrote the oration delivered by the Chetham College boys when describing the curiosities formerly shown to the visitors. (Manchester Guardian Local Notes and Queries.)(7)

8th October Sunday
Mr. George Hibbert, F.R.S., F.S.A., died, 8th Oct. He was a son of Robert Hibbert, who was constable of Manchester in 1759, and was an alderman of London. From 1806 to 1812 George Hibbert was M.P. for Seaham. He was a member of the Roxburghe Club, and the sale of his library in 1829 was famous in the bibliomania. (Baker’s Memorials, p. 90.)(7)

4th November Saturday
Mr. Charles Green ascended in the Royal Nassau balloon, October 16, 23, and November 4, from the Gas Works, Lamb Lane, Salford.(7)

23rd November Thursday
Mr. James Butterworth, author of a History of Manchester, and several other local historical works, died November 23, at Busk, near Oldham, aged 66. There is a notice of him in the Dictionary of National Biography.(7)

November
The Manchester Society for Promoting National Education was established in November.(7)

17th December Sunday
The Evangelical Friends’ Meeting House, Grosvenor Street, Chorlton-upon-Medlock, was opened December 17.(7)

20th December Wednesday
There was a very high flood in the Irwell, December 20.(7)

20th December Wednesday
Mr. Shaw (an auctioneer), Mr. Hall, and two other gentlemen were rescued from the most imminent danger of being drowned in the floods, near Cheadle, by the courageous conduct of Henry Wrigley, the driver of an omnibus. December 20.(7)

24th December Sunday
Charles Phillips, M.D., one of the physicians to the Manchester Infirmary, died December 24.(7)

1837
Rev. Jeremiah Smith, DD., rector of St. Ann’s, and high master of the Free Grammar School, resigned both appointments.(7)

1837
Rev Robinson Elsdale D.D., second master appointed high master of the Grammar School.(7)

1837
Mr. James Patrick died. He was for many years the printer of Patrick’s Correct Card of the races.(7)

1837
The Manchester Architectural Society founded.(7)

1837
A fire at Messrs. Smith and Rawson’s mill, Hope Street, Oldfield Road, December, caused damage to the extent of about £3,000.(7)

1837
Samuel D. Scott, known as “The Jumper,” took two leaps off the warehouse of Messrs. Shanklin, Manley, and Co., near the New Bailey Bridge, into the Irwell. In the first leap he descended feet first into the water, and in the second leap head downward. The height would be from 65 to 70 feet.(7)

1837
Mr. W. James, formerly of Warwick, the original projector of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, died at the Plas Newydd, Cornwall, aged 66.(7)

1837
The Independent Chapel, Liverpool Street, Oldfield Road, was founded.(7)

1837
Mr. Campbell, an actor at the Queen’s Theatre, was accidentally shot by the property man whilst performing the character of Mr. Felton, in the drama of Lilian, the Show Girl. The subscription for his widow realised £120 10s. 6d.(7)

1837. Heywood
First fair held at Heywood.
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1837. Prestwich
Prestwich Rectory rebuilt at a cost of £5,000.
(9)