1838       

19th January Friday
Mr. James Norris, chairman of the Salford Quarter Sessions, died January 19, aged 63 years, and was buried in the Derby Chapel, in the Collegiate Church.(7)

25th January Thursday
Mr. Benjamin Robert Haydon lectured on the formation of a School of Design, 25th January. He records in his Diary meeting Fairbairn and others at dinner. “Liked Fairbairn much—good steam-engine head.” A visit to his works is described.(7)

5th February Monday
The Night Asylum for the Destitute Poor, Smithfield, was opened, Feb. 5.(7)

February
Manchester School of Design was formed in February.(7)

3rd March Saturday
The first stone on the Manchester side of Victoria Bridge was laid by Mr. Elkanah Armitage, boroughreeve of Salford, March 3.(7)

7th March Wednesday
Fire at the Oxford Road Twist Company’s factory, in the occupation of Messrs. Cooke and Hyde, March 7. The damage was estimated at £6,000.(7)

11th March Sunday
A petition for a charter of incorporation, bearing 15,831 signatures, was forwarded from Manchester for presentation to Her Majesty’s Privy Council, March 11.(7)

11th March Sunday
Mr. Daniel Maude, barrister, appointed stipendiary magistrate for Manchester, March 19.(7)

March
Mr. John Frederick Foster, stipendiary magistrate, appointed chairman of the Quarter Sessions. March.(7)

13th April Friday
The Ardwick Cemetery was opened April 13.(7)

24th May Thursday
The Manchester and Bolton Railway was opened May 24. The length was ten miles, and the cost £650,000.(7)

30th May Wednesday
The Rev. Rowland Blaney, incumbent of Birch Chapel, died at Longsight, May 30, aged 84.(7)

31st May Thursday
Zoological Gardens, Higher Broughton, were opened May 31.(7)

May
The fourth Socialist Congress was held in May at Manchester.(7)

11th June Monday
1 Victoria, cap. 25. Act for enabling the Company of Proprietors of the Manchester, Bolton, and Bury Canal Navigation and Railway to raise more money, and for amending the powers and provisions of the several Acts relating thereto. June 11.(7)

11 June Monday Bury-Radcliffe
Bury and Radcliffe Waterworks established, June 11; Acts were also passed relating to the Waterworks undertaking in 1872, 1889, and 1899.
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17th June Sunday
The Unitarian Chapel, Strangeways, was opened June 17. The Sunday School was opened June 24.(7)

20th June Wednesday
Mary Moore, aged 48, was found murdered at mid-day, at Withington, June 20. George Hodges was tried on the charge of committing the murder at the following assizes at Liverpool, and acquitted.(7)

23rd June Saturday
Salford Mechanics’ Institution was opened June 23. Its first president was Mr. John Frederick Foster.(7)

23rd June Saturday
South Lancashire Bank, York Street, opened June 23.(7)

28th June Thursday
The coronation of Queen Victoria was celebrated June 28.(7)

28th June Thursday
The foundation stone of the Hope Street Schools, Oldfield Road, Salford, was laid June 28.(7)

June
Joseph Corbett Peel, cashier at the Bank of Manchester, absconded with a large sum of money belonging to the bank. He was pursued and arrested at Rotterdam by Sawley, the Manchester officer, and transported for seven years. June.(7)

2nd July Monday
The first stone of the Salford side of Victoria Bridge laid by Mr. J. Brown, borougbreeve of Manchester, July 2.(7)

4th July Wednesday
The Mersey and Irwell Navigation Company started a steamer upon the river for passengers. She carried 150 passengers, was 12-horse power, 66 feet long, and was called “The Jack Sharp.” July 4.(7)

20th July Friday
Marshal Soult visited Manchester July 20, and was entertained at a dinner in the Union Club House, Mosley Street.(7)

20th July Friday
Rev. Robert Stephens McAll, pastor of the Independent Church in Mosley Street, died at Swinton, 27th July. He was born at Plymouth, 4th August, 1792. His Discourses on Special Occasions, with a life by Wardlaw, were issued in two volumes in 1846.(7)

July
Mr. Benjamin Heywood, banker, and president of the Mechanics’ Institutions, created a baronet, July.(7)

16th August Thursday
Mr. Thomas Hardman, of Richmond House, Higher Broughton, died Aug. 16, aged 60. His valuable collection of paintings, portraits, books, prints, and coins was sold by auction, by Winstanley, in October the same year.(7)

25th August Saturday
Messrs. Macintosh and Co.’s patent cloth factory, Chorlton-upon-Medlock, was destroyed by fire, August 25, when three lives were lost.(7)

12th September Wednesday
Mr. H. Powell accidentally killed at the New Bailey, September 12.(7)

20th September Thursday
The junction of the Bridgewater Canal with the river Irwell, near Hulme Hall, by means of locks, completed and opened September 20.(7)

22nd September Saturday
The Manchester Journal, No. 1, September 22, was printed and published by Joseph Macardy. (7)

24th September Monday
A great meeting was held on Kersal Moor, September 24, to demand the six points of the Charter. The attendance was estimated by the Morning Post at 300,000. Mr. Fergus O’Connor, M.P., Rev. James Rayner Stephens, and others addressed the assembly, which elected Bronterre O’Brien to represent Manchester in the Convention that met at London in February 1839. (Gammage’s History of Chartism, p. 69.)(7)

24th September Monday
The first meeting for the formation of the Anti-Corn Law Association, was held at the York Hotel, September 24.(7)

September
The last races at Heaton Park, September. The Manchester Cup was won by the Earl of Wilton. The race for the Heaton Park Stakes was remarkable for the fall of Harkaway and Cruikseen. (Procter’s Our Turf, &c., p. 62.)(7)

6th October Saturday
Mr. Andrew Ward, professor of music, died October 6, aged 49. At the age of eighteen Mr. Ward was the leader of the band of the Theatre Royal, and was the first to introduce into Manchester Logier’s system of teaching music.(7)

8th October Monday
Miss Eleanor Byrom, daughter of Edward Byrom, founder of St. John’s Church, died October 8 aged 82 years. With a large fortune she inherited a generous and loving heart, which prompted her to acts of charity and beneficence. She left about £4,000 to different charities in this town. Miss Byrom was buried in the Byrom Chapel of the Collegiate Church.(7)

16th October Tuesday
The centres of the arch of Victoria Bridge washed down by a flood, October 16. Mr. Gannon, the contractor, in endeavoring to secure them, had his leg broken.(7)

25th October Thursday
Mr. A. W. Paulton delivered his first lecture against the Corn Laws in the Corn Exchange, October 25.(7)

October
The Ancoats Lyceum, Great Ancoats Street, was opened, October.(7)

October
Mr. Thomas Carlyle spent a day or two in October with a sister, who had married a Mr. Hanning, in Manchester. The account he gives of his night experiences is curious: “I was just closing my senses in sweet oblivion when the watchman, with a voice like the deepest groan of the Highland bagpipe, or what an ostrich corncraik might utter, groaned out Groo-o-o-o close under me, and set all in a gallop again. Groo-o-o-o; for there was no articulate announcement at all in it, that I could gather. Groo-o-o-o, repeated again and again at various distances, dying out and then growing loud again, for an hour or more. I grew impatient, bolted out of bed, flung up the window. Groo-o-o-o. There he was advancing, lantern in hand a few yards off me. ‘Can’t you give up that noise? I hastily addressed him. ‘You are keeping a person awake. What good is it to go howling and groaning all night, and deprive people of their sleep?’ He ceased from that time—at least I heard no more of him. No watchman, I think, has been more astonished for some time back. At five in the morning all was as still as sleep and darkness. At half-past five all went off like an enormous mill-race or ocean-tide. Boom-m-m, far and wide. It was the mills that were all starting then, and creishy (greasy) drudges by the million taking post there. I have heard few sounds more impressive to me in the mood I was in.” (Froude’s Carlyle in London, vol. i., pp. 147-8.)(7)

1st November Thursday
The royal charter constituting Manchester a borough received, Nov. 1.(7)

7th November Wednesday
The sum of £20,000 was raised at a meeting held in the Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Oldham Street, November 7, for the purpose of commemorating the centenary of the founding of that religious body by the Rev. John Wesley.(7)

12th November Monday
Carpenters’ Hall, Garratt Road, opened November 12. This building, which cost about £4,500, was erected at the sole cost of the journeymen whose name it bears.(7)

8th December Saturday
The Chorlton-upon-Medlock Lyceum was opened December 8.(7)

13th December Thursday Radcliffe
Rev. Thomas Foxley, rector of Radcliffe for 54 years - a Radcliffe "record" - died at his residence, Unsworth Lodge, December 13, aged 86.
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14th December Friday
The election of councilors for the fifteen wards into which Manchester was divided by the charter, December 14. Mr. John Hyde was the returning officer.(7)

15th December Saturday
At the first meeting of the Council, Mr. Thomas Potter was appointed mayor and Mr. Joseph Heron town clerk. December 15.(7)

December
The Manchester Chamber of Commerce sent a petition to Parliament to abolish the Corn Laws. December.(7)

1838
A volume of Social Hymns for the Use of the Friends of a Rational System of Society was published at Salford. The compiler or author was Mr. G. A. Fleming.(7)

1838. Radcliffe
Last bull bait on the river side at Radcliffe.
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