1839       

5th January Saturday
Manchester Chronicle and Salford Standard published Jan. 5 by Joseph Leicester, 4, St. Ann’s Street. This revival of Wheeler’s Chronicle lasted until December 31, 1842.(7)

7th January Monday
The centres of the arch of Victoria Bridge, and the octagon chimney, 164 feet 7 inches high, at Mr. Paton’s works, Cornbrook, thrown down during the tremendous gale, January 7. The latter was reared May 28, 1836.(7)

17th January Thursday
Rev. Samuel Knight died January 17. He was for some time curate at St. James’s, where he succeeded Dr. C. Bayley as incumbent, but in 1816 he became vicar of Bradford. (Palatine Note-book, vol.3, p. 147.)(7)

22nd January Tuesday
Mr. Darcy Lever, of Alkrington, near this town, died at his house, Heriot Row, Edinburgh, January 22. He was the last direct male representative of the ancient family of Lever, of Great Lever, Darcy Lever, and Little Lever, but latterly of Kersal, Collyhurst, and Alkrington Halls. Mr. Lever, like his grandfather, Sir Darcy, and his uncle, Sir Ashton, was a liberal promoter of literature, science, and the arts.(7)

23rd January Wednesday
A great Anti-Corn-Law dinner held in the Corn Exchange, January 23.(7)

25th January Friday
Mr. William Bateman, of Pendleton, died January 25, aged 73. He was the original founder and zealous supporter of the Deaf and Dumb Institution of this town.(7)

29th January Tuesday
Prince Louis Napoleon Bonaparte visited Manchester, and inspected various manufactories and public buildings, January 29.(7)

31st January Thursday
Dr. William Hibbert died January 31, at Shukar Ghars, a jungle in Scinde. He was an officer of the Queen’s Royals, and having gone out shooting with two other officers, and the jungle having been set on fire to force the wild animals from the covert, the wind changed and the three unfortunate men were surrounded by the flames, in which they perished. There was some suspicion of treachery. Dr. Hibbert, who was only 26 years of age, was a son of Dr. Hibbert-Ware.(7)

3rd February Sunday
Elizabeth Potts, widow, daughter of James Barnes, of this town, died Feb. 3, in the Manchester Workhouse, at the alleged age of 102. She was born in May, 1737, and baptised at the Collegiate Church in September, it is said, of the same year.(7)

19th February Tuesday
A fire occurred at the Manchester Cotton Mills, in Miller Street, in the occupation of Mr. Beaver, February 19.(7)

16th March Saturday
Mr. Fergus O’Connor, M.P., was arrested in Manchester, and tried at York Assizes, March 16, for seditious libel in the publication of three speeches in the Northern Star, one of them delivered at Manchester by William Dean Taylor. He was found guilty, and was sentenced to eighteen months’ imprisonment in York Castle.(7)

17th March Sunday
George Whittaker, aged 33, attempted to murder his wife in Club Row, Oldham Road, March 17. He received sentence of death August 14, but this was commuted to transportation.(7)

23rd March Saturday
The key stone of the arch of Victoria Bridge was set by Mr. Humphrey Trafford, March 23.(7)

25th March Monday
Benjamin Robert Haydon visited Manchester for the purpose of apprenticing his son Frank, as an engineer, to Fairbairn. He took lodgings for his boy at 99, Mill Street, Ancoats. March 25.(7)

8th April Monday
Mr. James Chapman, attorney, appointed first coroner for the borough of Manchester, April 8. (7)

15th April Monday
Colonel John Ford, formerly of Claremont, near this town, died April 15, at Abbeyfield, near Sandbach, Cheshire. He was colonel of one of the Manchester Volunteer regiments, and also one of the feoffees of Chetham’s Hospital.(7)

17th April Wednesday
Anti-Corn Law Circular, No1   No. 1, April 17, was published by the Anti-Corn Law Association.(7)

18th April Thursday
Mr. J. F. Foster was appointed recorder of the borough of Manchester April 18, but resigned in May.(7)

19th April Friday
2 Victoria. Act for effecting improvements in the streets and other places within and contiguous to the town of Manchester. April 19.(7)

April
A contribution entitled “A Week in Manchester” appeared in Blackwood’s Magazine for April, and was immediately replied to in a pamphlet called A Few Days at Manchester, by Whitewood and Co., Manchester.(7)

April
The Hope Street Schools, Oldfield Road, were opened in April.(7)

April
The Manchester Institution for the Illustration and Encouragement of Practical Science was established in April.(7)

8th May Wednesday
The Ladies’ Bazaar for the benefit of the Female Penitentiary, May 8 and 9, realised £1,000.(7)

11th May Saturday
Mr. Thomas Cooper, M.D., LL.D., died at Columbia, South Carolina, May 11. Born at London October 22, 1759, he was educated at Oxford, was called to the bar, and also studied medicine. His democratic principles led him to France, and his four months in Paris he afterwards declared to be the happiest period of his life. Here he learnt a process for making chlorine from common salt, and settled in Manchester as a bleacher. He became obnoxious to the Government for his liberal sentiments, and his house, with that of Mr. Thomas Walker, was attacked in a “Church and King” riot in 1790. He left England with Dr. Priestley, and in 1795 he established himself as a lawyer in Pennsylvania. In 1799 he was imprisoned and fined for a libel on President John Adams. In 1806 he became a land commissioner and afterward a judge, but was removed in 1811 on a charge of arbitrary conduct. He was professor of chemistry at two colleges, and wrote numerous works on politics and law.(7)

18th May Saturday
Major-General Daniel Seddon, the youngest surviving son of the late Mr. John Seddon, of Acres Barn, died May 18, in Paris, aged 78. Seddon, who was educated at the Grammar School, entered the army and was several years in the East Indies, and one of the few who survived thirteen months’ imprisonment in the dungeon of Chiteledroog. He afterwards served in Russia and Egypt; and during the rebellion in Ireland he received the thanks of the county of Antrim for his defence of the town of Antrim from the rebels Sword in hand, at the head of 26 dragoons, he charged the rebels, who had posted themselves to the number of 500 in the principal street. He was one of the only three who survived. He was afterwards appointed inspecting field officer in the northern district, and had the rank of major-general conferred upon him for training Portuguese troops.(7)

4th June Tuesday
Manchester and Leeds Railway was opened as far as Littleborough, June 4.(7)

14th June Friday
2 Victoria, cap. 17. Act to enable the trustees of the estates devised by William Hulme, Esquire, to appropriate certain parts of the accumulated fund arising from the said estates towards the endowment of benefices, the building of churches, and for other purposes. June 14.(7)

17th June Monday
The police, organised by the new corporation of the borough, commenced their duties, Monday, June 17.(7)

17th June Monday
Mr. Richard Beswick appointed head constable of the borough of Manchester, at a salary of £400 per annum, June 17.(7)

18th June Tuesday
The Borough Police Court, Brown Street, was opened June 18. It was previously the Manor Court Room.(7)

19th June Wednesday
The Salford Lyceum held its first general meeting, June 19.(7)

20th June Thursday
Victoria Bridge was opened, with a grand procession, June 20. Outside the north battlement, in the panel over the key-stone, is this inscription: “This bridge was built at the expense of the inhabitants of the hundred of Salford, upon the site of Salford Old Bridge, of three Gothic arches, erected in the year of our Lord one thousand three hundred and sixty-five. The first stone was laid in the first year of the reign of Queen Victoria, and the bridge was opened on the twentieth of June, in the third year of her reign, and in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-nine, and was, by Her Majesty’s permission, called ‘Victoria Bridge.” Total cost £20,800. The first vehicle that crossed the bridge was a wagon belonging to Messrs. Lupton and Adamthwaite, brewers, Cook Street, Salford.(7)

24th June Monday
Mr. John Ogden, attorney, appointed first clerk of the peace for the borough of Manchester, June 24.(7)

26th June Wednesday
The first Quarter Sessions for the borough of Manchester was held June 26, before Mr. Robert Baynes Armstrong, recorder.(7)

4th July Thursday
2 and 3 Victoria. Act to enable the Manchester and Birmingham Railway Company to vary and extend the line of their railway, and to amend the Act relating thereto. July 4.(7)

17th July Thursday
The warehouse of Messrs. Nathans, Lloyd Street, was destroyed by fire, July 17. The damage was reckoned at £12,000.(7)

5th August Monday
The first stone of the Hall of Science, Campfield, was laid August 5.(7)

5th August Monday
The first Manchester cab was made by Mr. W. H. Beeston, of Tib Street, for Mr. William White, of Spear Street, who began to ply from Piccadilly, August 5.(7)

12th August Monday
The “Chartist holiday” began August 12. There were riots in Manchester and the vicinity.(7)

15th August Monday
A fire in a warehouse in Dickenson Street, occupied by Saalfield and Co., August 15, caused damage to the extent of £20,000.(7)

26th August Monday
2 and 3 Victoria, cap. 87. Act for improving the police in Manchester for two years, and from thence until the end of the then next Session of Parliament. August 26.(7)

27th August Tuesday
Manchester Police Bill received the royal assent, August 27. Sir Charles Shaw, Knt., appointed commissioner, at a salary of £700 per annum, September. He took possession of the old and new police establishments, October 17.(7)

August
A full length statue of Dr. John Dalton, by Chantrey, placed in the entrance hall of the Royal Institution, August.(7)

August
Several of the Chartist leaders were tried at Chester Assizes in August. At Liverpool, Edward Riley was convicted of military training and rioting near Manchester. Messrs. Bronterre O’Brien, R. J. Richardson, Rev. W. V. Jackson, and others, were sentenced to various terms of imprisonment.(7)

1st September Sunday
The Unitarian Chapel, Brook Street, opened September 1.(7)

5th September Thursday
At the election for the borough of Manchester (under the precept of Mr. T. Evans, boroughreeve), 5th September, the following were the numbers at the close of the poll: Mr. Robert Hyde Greg, 3,096; Rt. Hon. Sir George Murray, knight, 2,969; Colonel Peyronnet Thompson, 93.(7)

6th September Friday
At the election for the borough of Manchester, held 6th September, under the precept of Mr. Thomas Potter, the mayor of the borough, the following were the numbers at the close of the poll: Mr. Robert Hyde Greg, 3,421; Right Hon. Sir George Murray, 3,156.(7)

23rd September Monday
The clock of St. Ann’s Church was lighted with gas, September 23.(7)

25th September Wednesday Whitefield
First wedding at Stand Unitarian Chapel, September 25 - William Taylor, of Snape Hill ("Bass William" of Mrs. Louisa Potter's "Lancashire Memories," and cousin to the founder of the "Manchester Guardian"), to Cicely Farrar, of Chapelfield, after 30 years' courtship.
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September
The Heaton Park Races were “removed” to Liverpool in September.(7)

5th October Saturday
The Herald of the Future, No. 1, October 5, No. 6 (and last), March 7, 1840. The editor was George Frederick Mandley. (See under date 1863). It includes contributions by J. C. Prince, and articles introducing him to the public. The six numbers were made up into a volume, but no author’s name was attached.(7)

26th October Saturday
Sir Oswald Mosley, Bart., lord of the manor, laid the first stone of All Souls’ Church, Every Street, Ancoats, October 26. He generously gave land and property to the amount of £1,400 towards its erection and endowment.(7)

28th October Monday
The Manchester and Salford Junction Canal, connecting the river Irwell, near the Old Quay, with the Rochdale Canal, near the Albion Mills, was opened October 28.(7)

31st October Thursday
The Manchester Geological Society held its first annual meeting, October31.(7)

October
The Rev. Dr. Elsdale, high master of the Grammar School, resigned, and the Rev. J. W. Richards was appointed his successor, October.(7)

9th November Saturday
Mr. Thomas Potter re-elected mayor of Manchester, November 9.(7)

22nd November Friday
Mr. William Murdock died November 22, at Handsworth, near Birmingham, aged 86. This was the gentleman who first introduced gas into Manchester, having commenced with Messrs. Philips and Lee’s factory, in Salford, in 1803. Gas was first publicly exhibited in England by Messrs. Boulton and Watt, Soho Works, Birmingham, on the rejoicings for the peace of Amiens in 1802.(7)

10th December Tuesday
The Rev. William Robert Hay died December 10, at the rectory house, Ackworth, aged 78. His father, the Hon. Edward Hay, was the third son of George Henry, seventh Earl of Kinnoul, by Abigail, youngest daughter of the celebrated Harley, Earl of Oxford. He received his education at Oxford, and during the early part of his life devoted himself to the study of the law, and when a barrister on this circuit, in 1793, married Mrs. Astley, relict of the late Mr. John Astley, of Dukinfield. She was the daughter of Mr. Wagstaffe, of this town. Mr. Hay now entered into holy orders, and was presented to the rectory of Ackworth, in Yorkshire, by the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. In the year 1803 he succeeded Mr. Thomas Butterworth Bayley as chairman of the Quarter Sessions for the Hundred of Salford, which office he held until 1823, when he retired. Mr. Hay was presented to the vicarage of Rochdale by the Archbishop of Canterbury, at the solicitation of the Government, as a reward for the very active services he rendered during the stormy period of 1818-19, and especially for his share in the Peterloo massacre. There is a life of him in Howorth’s Lives of the Vicars of Rochdale.(7)

17th December Tuesday
John Shawcross, for twenty-four years principal clerk to the Manchester Police, died December 17, aged 66.(7)

26th December Thursday
The general committee of the Church of England Sunday Schools was dissolved December 26. At this time only eight out of twenty-two churches were connected with the Union. (Bardsley’s Memorials, p. 135.)(7)

1839
St. Luke’s Church, Cheetham Hill Road, was built by subscription.(7)

1839
The Athenæum, Bond Street, opened. The building was designed by Sir Charles Barry, and cost nearly £9,000. (See also 1837.)(7)

1839
Post-office and other rooms added to the Exchange, of which the area altogether was over 5,506 feet. The Exchange was rebuilt in 1872.(7)

1839
The Social Pioneer printed by Abel Heywood.(7)

1839
The Chartist demonstration held on Kersal Moor was estimated by the Northern Star to have been attended by half a million people. This was, of course, a gross exaggeration, but it was larger than its predecessor of Sept. 25, which was said to number 300,000. (Gammage’s History of the Chartist Movement, p. 125.)(7)

1839
The Regenerator, a weekly, published at Manchester, to which Prince and Procter were contributors. (Procter’s Literary Reminiscences.)(7)

1839
The first edition of Festus was published anonymously in Manchester, where the author (Mr. Philip James Bailey) was then resident. (Book Lore, vol i., p. 23.)(7)

1839
The length of main pipes laid down by the Manchester Gas Company since the Gas Act of 1824 was stated to be 75 miles 426 yards.(7)

1839
St. Luke’ Church was consecrated.(7)

1839
St. John the Evangelist’s Church, Broughton, consecrated. (7)

1839. Bury
Bury Market Hall erected by Lord Derby; the hall, with manorial rights, was handed over to the town October 1st 1872, under the powers of the Bury Improvement Act, at a cost of £51,295 8s. 4d. The hall was closed December 13th, 1901.
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