1843       

27th January Friday
Mr. James Emerson Tennant, M.P., was entertained at dinner at the Albion Hotel, and was presented with a splendid service of plate, consisting of 106 pieces, and weighing upwards of 3,000 ounces, January 27. It emanated from a subscription entered into by the calico printers of Great Britain (which amounted to £1,850), as an acknowledgment of his untiring services in procuring the bill for the copyright of designs.(7)

28th January Saturday
Messrs. Clayton and Gladstone’s warehouse, Norfolk Street, was destroyed by fire, January 28. The damage was £20,000.(7)

30th January Monday
The Free Trade Hall was opened January 30. The Anti-Corn-Law banquet then held was attended by numerous M.P.’s and delegates from all parts of the kingdom. This was followed by a variety of meetings connected with Free Trade. The dimensions of the hall were—length, 135ft. 8in.; breadth, 102ft 6in.; containing an area of 14,000 square feet.(7)

2nd February Thursday
Mr. William Robinson, Governor of the Manchester Workhouse, died February 2.(7)

15th February Wednesday
Mr. James Pigot, of the firm of Pigot and Slater, the indefatigable compiler of the National Directories, died February 15, aged 74.(7)

25th February Saturday
Mr. William Garnett, of Lark Hill, Salford, and Quermore Park, Lancaster, was appointed High Sheriff. When he set off from Lark Hill to attend the Assizes, February 25, there was a procession consisting of sixty carriages, contaning several hundred gentlemen of all shades of politics, accompanied by the town officers.(7)

14th March Tuesday
An amateur performance took place for the benefit of the Royal Infirmary, March 14. The proceeds amounted to £349 5s. One of the pieces played was written for the occasion by the Rev. Hugh Hutton, of Birmingham, and was entitled St. Augustine’s Eve.(7)

15th March Wednesday
A tea-party was given March 15, in honour of Mr. Isaac Pitman, the Inventor of phonography.(7)

15th March Wednesday Whitefield
Married at Stand Lane Chapel, by the Rev. James Deakin,  on Wednesday the 15th day of March, John Brierley, of Stand Lane, to Hannah Bentley, of Sandfield.
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17th March Friday
Mr. John Hull, M.D., F.L.S., died at Tavistock Square, London, March 17. He was born at Poulton in 1764, and graduated at Leyden 1792. He settled in Manchester, where he was Physician to the Lying-In Hospital. He was a good botanist, and wrote The British Flora, 1799, and several medical treatises. (Munk’s Roll of the Royal College of Physicians.) He is buried at Poulton-le-Fylde.(7)

17th March Friday
The shock of an earthquake was felt in Manchester and neighbourhood, March 17.(7)

21st March Tuesday
Mr. Fergus O’Connor and 58 other Chartists were tried at Lancaster Assizes, March 21.(7)

27th March Monday
John Chesshyre, Vice-admiral of the White, died at Swansea, March 27, aged 85. Admiral Chesshyre was a native of Manchester, and was the brother of the late Mr. Edward Chesshyre. He was made lieutenant in 1781, commander in 1794, and post captain in 1799. He commanded the Plover sloop of war, and captured the Erin-go-Bragh French privateer, of ten guns, in the North Sea, October 28, 1798. During part of the war he was employed in the Sea Fencibles.(7)

29th March Wednesday
Mr. John Young died March 29, aged 79. He was believed to be the oldest Sunday school teacher and visitor in the kingdom, having entered as a teacher in the Sunday schools of the Church of England in this town in 1786.(7)

March
The Chetham Society formed in March, with the object of printing the most rare historical works, as well as all manuscript matter relative to the histories of the two counties palatine of Lancaster and Chester. The printing has been done from 1843 to the present time (1886) by Messrs. Simms and Co., on whom it reflects the greatest credit. The first president was Mr. Edward Holme, M.D.(7)

2nd April Sunday
The first stone was laid by Mr. William Garnett, high sheriff of the Manchester Union Moral and Industrial Training School, in the township of Swinton, April 2. The building is in the Elizabethan style, from a design by Messrs. Tattersall and Dixon. Mr. D. Bellhouse was the builder. The grounds, including site of buildings, are 23 acres in extent. The front is 458 feet in length, and the building will accommodate 1,500 children, but is capable of considerable enlargment. The cost was about £20,000.(7)

23rd April Sunday
Mr. Richard Arkwright, only son of the late Sir Richard Arkwright, the inventor and improver of spinning machinery, died at Willersley, Derbyshire, April 23. He was the richest commoner in England, and, it is stated, left personal and landed property to the amount of ten or eleven millions, the foundation of which immense sum was made in the cotton trade by his father.(7)

26th April Wednesday
The Manchester Independent College, at Withington, was opened by the Rev. Dr. Raffles, April 26.(7)

1st May Monday
The Rose light was put up in St. Ann’s Square in March, and first lighted May 1. It took its name from its inventor, Mr. Thomas Rose, at that time superintendent of the Manchester Fire Brigade. (7)

3rd May Wednesday Bury
James Heywood, doctor, Simister Lane (aged 65 years), was robbed and murdered at Bury on Wednesday evening, the 3rd day of May. Bury Fair day.
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5th May Friday
The first stone of St. Thomas’s Church, Red Bank, was laid by J. C. Harter, Esq., May 5. It is in the Early English style of architecture, and was designed by Mr. Moseley, of London. The cost was £3,000.(7)

9th May Tuesday
Rev. John Grundy died at Bridport, May 9. He was born at Hinckley, in Leicestershire, 1781, and in 1810 became minister at Cross Street Chapel. He left Manchester in 1824 for Liverpool, where he was a colleague of the Rev. James Martineau. There is a portrait of him in Sir Thomas Baker’s Memorials. He wrote Evangelical Christianity Considered, 1814, and other works.(7)

9th May Tuesday
6 Victoria, cap. 17. Act for transferring to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Burgesses of the Borough of Manchester certain powers and property now vested in the Commissioners for cleansing, lighting, watching, and regulating the town of Manchester. May 9.(7)

16th May Tuesday
A desperate attack was made upon Messrs. Pauling and Hemfrey’s premises, Eccles New Road, May 16, by an armed party of turnouts. Several of the men were taken up, tried, and underwent various terms of imprisonment.(7)

23rd May Tuesday
Riots occurred between several soldiers of the 15th Regiment and the police, In Oldham Road, May 23.(7)

10th June Saturday
The first great meeting of the Lancashire and Cheshire Workmen’s Singing Classes was held at the Free Trade Hall, June 10. There were 1,500 performers, led by Mr. John Hullah, the inventor of the system. (7)

12th June Monday
A meeting took place at Newton, to oppose the education clauses in the proposed new Factory Bill, June 12. It was attended by 270 delegated Dissenting ministers from all parts of Manchester.(7)

28th June Wednesday
Trinity Church, Stretford Road, was consecrated June 28. The Rev. Thos. Todd was the first incumbent.(7)

June
The surveyors of highways laid down wood pavement In St. Ann’s Square. June.(7)

10th July Monday
Messrs. Nightingale and Co.’s warehouse, in Zara Street, Granby Row, was destroyed by fire July 10. The damage was £9,000. (7)

19th July Wednesday
The celebrated Father Mathew arrived in Manchester, and preached at St. Patrick’s Chapel, Livesey Street, upon the occasion of the opening of the new organ, built by Messrs. Gray and Davison, of London, July 19. A tea party was given in his honour at the Free Trade Hall, when 3,000 persons attended. He administered the temperance pledge to many thousand persons. July 21.(7)

30th July Sunday
Mr. Thomas Arkell Tidmarsh died at Manchester, July 30. He was born in 1819. His poetical writings have never been collected, but the specimens given by Procter show him to have had talent of a very high order. (See Procter’s Literary Reminiscences, p. 84, and Gems of Thought.)(7)

1st August Tuesday
6 and 7 Victoria, cap. 91. Act for more effectually repairing the road from the New Wall on the parade in Castleton, in the parish of Rochdale, through Middleton, to the mere stone in Great Heaton, and to the town of Manchester, and for making a diversion in the line of such road. August 1.(7)

2nd August Wednesday
The Pendleton coalpits of Mr. J. P. Fitzgerald and Mr. John Knowles were flooded, August 2. The loss to the former was estimated at £50,000.(7)

4th August Friday
Mr. John Dyer, formerly editor of the Manchester Chronicle, died at London, August 4.(7)

30th August Wednesday
Rev. Adam Hurdus died at Cincinnati, August 30, in his 84th year. He was born near Manchester, entered the Swedenborgian ministry in 1816, and was the first to preach the new church doctrines west of the Alleghany Mountains. (Hindmarsh’s Rise, &c., p. 379.)(7)

August
Mr. John Sanderson presented £2,000 to the Lunatic Asylum, and £136 to various other charities in the town. He had been keeper of the above asylum sixty years. Being in bad health he resigned his situation, and adopted this method of disposing of his savings in order to avoid paying legacy duty. August.(7)

7th September Thursday
A newsroom at the Albion Hotel, for the use of the Manchester Gentlemen’s Glee Club, opened September 7.(7)

10th September Sunday
Rev. Charles Panton Myddleton, M.A., Curate of St. Mary’s, Manchester, died September 10. He was a native of Prescot, was born in 1767, and published a Sermon in Defence of Sunday Schools, 1798, Poems, &c. (Manchester School Register, vol. ii., p. 67.)(7)

11th September Monday
A great musical meeting held at the Free Trade Hall, Peter Street, September 11 and 12.(7)

13th September Wednesday
Mr. S. N. Cooper, rule maker, of Miller Street, died September 13. He was the first to introduce rule making into Manchester.(7)

September
Manchester made into an archdeaconry, the first archdeacon being the Rev. John Rushton, Incumbent of Padiham. September.(7)

September
One of the old parish registers discovered at Messrs. Cooke, Beever, and Darwell’s offices, in Salford, September. This register had been missing for upwards of sixty years. It contains the baptisms, deaths, and marriages from October, 1653, to July, 1662. (7)

2nd October Monday
A bazaar held in the Free Trade Hall, in aid of the Manchester Athenæum, October 2; and on the following Thursday was held, in the same place, a soiree, which was presided over by Mr. Charles Dickens. The proceeds were £1,820. The speeches at the successive soirees were collected into one volume in 1877.(7)

3rd October Tuesday
Mr. George William Wood, M.P., died October 3. His decease, which was almost instantaneous, occurred in the rooms of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, of which he was vice-president. Mr. Wood was the son of the late Rev. William Wood, F.L.S., of Leeds, by Louisa Anne, daughter of Mr. Samuel Oates, and was born July 26, 1781. He was destined for a commercial life, and was placed, at an early age, in the house of Philips, Oates, and Co., of Leeds. Soon after the commencement of the present century he was introduced by Sir George Philips, then of Sedgeley, to the house of Messrs. Thomas Philips and Co., of Manchester, with whom he remained till 1809. During the war he formed one of a deputation from Manchester and other towns for obtaining a revocation of the Orders in Council. Through a long series of years Mr. Wood took a very active part in the affairs of this town. The Savings Bank, the Royal Institution, of which he conceived and developed the earliest idea, and the embellishment of the principal thoroughfare of the town, boar witness of the untiring energies of his mind. About the year 1827 an idea was generally entertained in favour of conferring upon Manchester the privilege of sending members to Parliament, and the bill for this purpose was prepared almost solely by Mr. Wood. He was elected M.P. for South Lancashire, December 18, 1832, and sat till 1834, but was defeated in 1835. He sat far Kendal, July 25, 1837, re-elected June 3, 1841, and represented that constituency until his death. (7)

4th October Wednesday
Mr. Thomas Lingard, for many years agent to the Old Quay Company, died October 4, aged 70.(7)

19th October Thursday
The coming of age of Mr. Alfred Nield, eldest son of Alderman Nield, was celebrated with great festivities at the Mayfield Printworks, October 19.(7)

26th October Thursday
Married on the 26th day of October, at Holywood Church, Thomas Statter, Esq., of Knowsley, to Emily, daughter of the late Thomas Ward, Esq., of Marins, near Belfast. She died January 5, 1844, and is interred at Huyton Church, near Liverpool.
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28th October Saturday
The high floods in the Irwell caused the temporary footbridge near the New Bailey to be washed down, October 28.(7)

1st November Wednesday
Mr. James Hall, of Sunnyside, Ordsall, died November 1, in his 96th year. Mr. Hall was born March 1, 1749. He was originally in humble circumstances, from which he raised himself to affluence. In 1785 he took a very active part in the repeal of the fustian tax. Mr. Hall, at his sole expense, erected Regent Bridge over the Irwell, which was opened to the public in 1808, and which will ever remain a monument of his high spirlt and liberality.(7)

10th November Friday
The Due de Bordeaux and his suite visited Manchester, November 10.(7)

13th November Monday
Mr. George Catlin visited the town with his exhibition of Ojibiway Indians, November 13.(7)

14th November Tuesday
The sum of £12,666 was subscribed at a free trade meeting in Manchester, November 14.(7)

22nd November Wednesday
The Rev. John Gatliffe, senior canon of the Collegiate Church, and rector of St. Mary’s, Parsonage, died at Brinkworth Hall, near York, November 22, aged 80. (Parkinson’s Old Church Clock, p. 87.)(7)

22nd November Wednesday
A large chimney at Messrs. Clemson and Co.’s dyeworks, Red Bank, was blown down, November 22.(7)

26th November Sunday
Mr. Joseph Maiden, an eminent animal painter, died November 26, aged 31.(7)

27th November Monday
A soiree held in the Town Hall, to celebrate the Saturday half-holiday granted by the merchants, &c., of Manchester, to the persons in their employment, November 27.(7)

8th December Friday
Mr. James Normansell, for seventeen years an officer in the Salford police force, died December 8, aged 60. In early life he was in the Royal Horse Artillery.(7)

20th December Wednesday
A five-act tragedy, by Mr. Thomas Smelt, acted at the Theatre Royal, Fountain Street, December 20 and 28. It was not successful.(7)

21st December Thursday
Lord Francis Egerton purchased the Old Quay Carrying Company’s concern for the sum of £400,000, being at the rate of £800 per share, December 21.(7)

1843
The Rev. Robert Cox Clifton elected a Canon of the Collegiate Church, in the place of Mr. Gatliffe, deceased.(7)

1843
Mr. Sims Reeves became a member of the stock company at the Theatre Royal, Fountain Street, and remained there till the theatre was burned down in 1844. (7)

1843
Chetham’s Hospital was new roofed and thoroughly repaired.(7)

1843
The Health of Towns Commission visited Manchester.(7)

1843. Pilkington
William Richardson and Sons purchased Green Lane factory from John Anderton, Green Elms Cottage, Pilkington. Price paid, £3,500.
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