1845       

11th January Saturday
Mr. Louis Schwabe, the eminent silk manufacturer and embroiderer by machinery, died January 11. Mr. Schwabe destroyed himself by poison whilst labouring under temporary insanity.(7)

18th January Saturday
The subscription raised in Manchester as a testimonial to Mr. Rowland Hill, for his advocacy of the penny postage, amounted to £1,532 10s. 6d., and was presented to Mr. Hill (who was staying at Hastings) by Sir Thomas Potter, together with a suitable address. January 18.(7)

20th January Monday
Evan Prince, a young man in the employ of Mr. Percival, woollen draper, King Street, was charged with robbing his employer of £3,500. He was committed, January 20, and afterwards found guilty and transported.(7)

21st January Tuesday
Messrs. Smith and Ingle’s paper warehouse, situated in Piccadilly, was burnt down, January 21.(7)

24th January Friday
A public dinner was given to Mr. Duncan Gibb, together with a service of plate valued at £500. January 24, as a testimony of his fellow-townsmen’s obligation for the benefits conferred in the privilege of bonding being granted to Manchester.(7)

28th January Tuesday
An explosion of a locomotive boiler at the Manchester and Leeds Railway engine-house, Miles Platting, January 28, caused the death of three men, and did considerable damage to the building. The coroner’s jury laid a deodand of £500 on the engine.(7)

9th February Monday
An attempt was made by some person to burn down the Queen’s Theatre, in Spring Gardens, February 9, but it was frustrated through the timely discovery of the fire.(7)

18th March Tuesday
Mr. Van Amburgh’s stud of trained animals, horses, &c., were sold by auction, at the Roman Amphitheatre, Cooper Street, March 18.(7)

18th March Tuesday
The Right Rev. John Allen, D.D., Bishop of Ely, died at the Palace, in Ely, March 20, in his 76th year. Born November, 1770, Dr. Allen was a native of Manchester, his father being a partner in the firm of Byrom, Allen, Sedgwick, and Place, bankers. The bank was situated at the corner of Bank Street and St. Ann’s Square. He was educated at the Free Grammar School, whence he proceeded to Trinity College, Cambridge, and obtained a fellowship there. He was soon afterwards appointed tutor to Lord Althorp, and was, shortly after the completion of his lordship’s education, presented by the father of his pupil to the vicarage of Battersea, Surrey, and also a prebendal stall in Westminster Abbey; he was afterwards, in addition, appointed to the living of St. Bride’s, London. On the advent of the Whigs to office, Dr. Allen, on the death of Bishop Gray, in 1834, was nominated to the bishopric of Bristol. Tn October, 1836, this bishopric being united to that of Gloucester, Dr. Monk, the bishop of the last mentioned diocese, became bishop of the united diocese, while Dr. Allen was translated to the bishopric of Ely.(7)

20th March Thursday
Sir Thomas Potter, Knt., of Buile Hill, died March 20, aged 70. He was born at Tadcaster, in Yorkshire, April 5, 1774. He was the third son of Mr. John Potter, who rented a farm near Tadcaster, called Wengate Hill. Thomas, when about sixteen, began to assist his father in the management of the farm; and when, after a few years, the farm was given up to him, it became one of the most highly cultivated and productive in the county of York. In or about the year 1803 he gave up farming and joined his two brothers William and Richard, who had previously settled in Manchester, and the three carried on business in partnership under the firm of William, Thomas, and Richard Potter, at No. 5, Cannon Street. About the year 1828 Mr. Potter began to take a very active part in the business of the town. After the passing of the Reform Bill in 1832, and the return of his brother, Mr. Richard Potter, for the borough of Wigan, which occasioned his absence from Manchester, Mr. Potter began to take not only an active but leading part in the local and general politics of the town and neighbourhood. It was, however, in the struggle for obtaining the charter of incorporation that Mr. Potter most distinguished himself. In that most arduous struggle his courage, energy, and industry, were taxed to the uttermost, and had it not been for his unparalleled exertions the charter must have been abandoned. As an acknowledgment of his services in this respect he was not only elected first mayor of Manchester, but his term of office was extended, during which—namely, on July 1, 1840—Her Majesty conferred upon him the honour of knighthood. In his domestic relations he was a kind father, a good husband, a hospitable and amiable neighbour. Charitable and munificent to a fault, there were many who felt his loss as a severe deprivation. About 1820 Mr. Potter, at his own expense, established a day school at Irlams-o’th’­Height, which afforded education to seventy boys and girls. It was not the wish of the family to have a public funeral, but at the request of the Corporations ofManchester and Salford, as well as a number of gentlemen of the two towns, who wished to accompany the remains to the grave, the desire was acceded to. The funeral cortége, which was considerably augmented on its route by the corporate bodies of both towns, together with some hundreds of gentlemen in carriages and on foot, consisted of upwards of ninety carriages. Most of the shops in the line of procession were closed, and the streets were lined throughout by crowds of people, all anxious to take a last look of one who had stood their friend on all public occasions. The interment took place at the Ardwick Cemetery, March 27. (Baker’s Memorials, p. 117.)(7)

24th March Monday
The first stone was laid of St. Simon’s Church, Springfield Lane, Salford, March 24. The building, which is of stone, is in the Early English style of architecture, and was designed by Mr. Richard Lane. The cost of the land and erection was £4,500. The stone was laid by Mr. Edmund Taylor, of Oldfield Road, who contributed £500 towards the expense.(7)

24th March Monday
The Town Council decided to purchase the manorial rights from Sir Oswald Mosley for the sum of £200,000, of which £5,000 was to be paid down as a deposit, and the Corporation was not to be compelled to pay more than £4,000 a year, but with an option on their part to Increase that amount to £6,000. The amount of income derived by Sir Oswald Mosley was stated by him to be £9,000. Various negotiations had been set on foot at different periods to purchase the above important rights, but in every instance had failed through disagreement as to terms between buyer and seller. March 24.(7)

27th March Thursday
The first sale of teas, &c., in bond took place in the Bonding Warehouse Company’s establishment, in Salford, March 27.(7)

28th March Friday
The foundation stone of St. John’s Church, Longsight, was laid by Miss Marshall, who, together with Mrs. Marshall, contributed £2,000 towards the erection and endowment. The church is in the Early English style, from the design of Mr. G. E. Gregan, and the total cost of the edifice was about £3,500. March 28.(7)

29th March Saturday
The committee for the formation of public parks in Manchester purchased the Lark Hill Estate, now Peel Park, Salford, March 29, from Mr. William Garnett, for the sum of £5,000, from which was deducted £500, the amount of Mr. Garnett’s subscription to the fund. It contained thirty-two acres, one-third being high and sloping land and the rest flat. In May they made the second purchase—the Hendham Hall Estate (now Queen’s Park), Harpurhey, consisting of about thirty acres, the property of Mr. Jonathan Andrew, for which they paid £7,250; and in the same month they made the third purchase—the Bradford Estate (now Philips Park), consisting of thirty one acres, from Lady Houghton, for the sum of £6,200.(7)

3rd April Thursday
Mr. Benjamin Braidley died April 3. He was born at Sedgfield, Durham, August 19, 1792. He wrote Sunday School Memorials, from his experiences as teacher and superintendent of Bennett Street Sunday Schools. He was boroughreeve in 1831 and 1832, and in 1835 twice unsuccessfully contested Manchester in the Conservative interest.(7)

3rd April Thursday
Mr. Junius Smith, of Strangeways Hall, died April 3.(7)

5th April Saturday
The first of a series of concerts for the working classes, conducted by the committee of the Lancashire and Cheshire Philharmonic Institution, was held in the Free Trade Hall, April 5.(7)

29th April Tuesday
A grand fancy dress ball, in aid of the funds for the formation of public baths and washhouses in Manchester, was held in the Free Trade Hall. The display was very picturesque and made a great impression. April 29.(7)

April
Mr. Thomas Wroe, formerly comptroller under the Manchester Police Commissioners, and subsequently manager of the gas works, died in April.(7)

1st May Thursday
Messrs. Eveleigh and Son’s hat manufactory, Greengate, Salford, was burned down, May 1. The damage was between £9,000 and £10,000.(7)

13th May Tuesday
The Mayor and Corporation of Salford made a perambulation of the boundaries of the borough, and staked them out from the new Ordnance survey, May 13.(7)

19th June Thursday
The foundation stone of the Manchester Commercial Schools, Stretford Road, was laid by Mr. J C. Harter, June 19.(7)

24th June Tuesday
Mr. Thomas Rose, superintendent of the Fire Brigade, exhibited a new fire escape, the invention of Mr. Dunn, in the Market Place, opposite the Exchange, June 24, and again July 8.(7)

1st July Tuesday
Mr. Henry Leigh Trafford commenced his duties as stipendiary magistrate for the Manchester division of the county, at a salary of £800 per annum, July 1.(7)

4th July Friday
John Holl Stanway, who was one of the official assignees of the Bankruptcy Court, absconded with a considerable sum of money, the property of various individuals, July 4.(7)

7th July Monday
A public breakfast given to Professor J. H. Merle D’Aubigné, D.D., author of the History of the Reformation, July 7.(7)

17th July Thursday
Mr. Samuel William Butler died July 17, aged 41. He was a native, and almost from infancy was an actor. He acted at Hull and Beverley, at the Covent Garden Theatre, and in the United States; but in the latter years of his life was resident in Manchester, and in 1842 was the star of The Theatre Royal, Fountain Street. He is buried at Ardwick Cemetery, and an epitaph, by Charles Swain, is engraved upon his tomb. (Evens's Samuel William Butler, Tragedian, 1876.)(7)

21st July Monday
8 and 9 Victoria, cap. 141. Act to effect improvements in the borough of Manchester, for the purpose of promoting the health of the inhabitants thereof. July 21.(7)

21st July Monday
8 and 9 Victoria. Act for more effectually constituting and regulating the Court of Record within the borough of Manchester, and for extending the jurisdiction of the said court. July 21.(7)

31st July Thursday
Mr. Richard Beswick, chief superintendent of police, presented with a service of plate and a purse containing £113, as a testimonial for his services in the police establishment for fourteen years, July 31.(7)

31st July Thursday
Mr. Hugh Hornby Birley, of Broome House, a magistrate and deputy lieutenant of the county, died at Lytham, July 31, aged 68. Mr. Birley had for many years taken a very active part in the management of the various charitable institutions of this town and neighbourhood.(7)

31st July Thursday
The first stone of the Bank of England Branch Bank, King Street, was laid by Mr. Charles Cockerill, the architect of the Bank of England, and Mr. John Reid, the agent of the bank in Manchester, July 31.(7)

July
The Manchester and Leeds Railway Company (since incorporated in the Lancashire and Yorkshire) began to arch over the river Irk below the College, to the length of 120 yards, for the purpose of erecting their general offices. July.(7)

July
A subscription, amounting to upwards of £6,000, was raised in Manchester in aid of the sufferers by the great fire at Quebec. July.(7)

July
A rope, measuring 4,374 yards, or nearly two miles and a half, was made by Mr. Thomas Briggs, of Richmond Hill Ropery, for Messrs. G. C. Pauling and Co., in connection with the works of the new Theatre Royal. July.(7)

2nd August Saturday
Abraham Tweedale, a prisoner in the New Bailey, was murdered by Wm. Clapham, also a prisoner, August 2. On the trial Clapham was proved to be insane, and was ordered to be confined during Her Majesty’s pleasure.(7)

5th August Tuesday
The premises of Mr. Thos. Wheatley, cabinet-maker and timber merchant. Pilling Street, Rochdale Road, were burned down, August 5. The damage was estimated to be from £3,000 to £4,000.(7)

13th August Wednesday
The foundation stone of Trinity Presbyterian Church, in connection with the Synod of the Presbyterian Church of England, and for the use of the Irish Presbyterian Church assembling in the Corn Exchange, was laid, by the Rev. Henry Cooke, D.D., of Belfast, August 13. The church is situated in New Bridge Street, Strangeways.(7)

August
The construction of Corporation Street, extending from Market Street to Withy Grove, was begun in August.(7)

17th September Wednesday
John Bracewell, of Young Street, died September 17, aged 88. He was supposed to be the last survivor of those who were in the action along with Admiral Rodney, at the destruction of the French fleet under the command of Comte de Grasse, in the West Indes, on April 12, 1782.(7)

20th September Saturday
At a dinner given by the shareholders of the Trent Valley Railway to Mr. Edward Tootal, September 20, he was presented with a service of plate, valued at 1,800 guineas, for his services in procuring the Act for the formation of that line. The service consisted of 117 pieces, weighing 2,620 ounces.(7)

29th September Monday
The new Theatre Royal, Peter Street, was opened September 29, with Douglas Jerrold’s new comedy of Time Works Wonders, and a representation of Her Majesty’s state ball, or Bal Costumé, held at Buckingham Palace. The opening address, which was written by Mr. Mark Barry, of London, was delivered by Mr. H. J. Wallack, the stage manager. The building holds upwards of 2,000 persons. It is in the modern Italian style of architecture, and cost nearly £23,000. The proprietor was Mr. John Knowles.(7)

15th October Wednesday
The Anti-Corn-Law Bazaar, held in the Free Trade Hall, began October 15, and continued for several days. The articles sold were the remains of the great bazaar held in London, at Covent Garden Theatre. The proceeds were devoted to the £100,000 fund.(7)

17th October Wednesday
This town was visited by Prince Hilal, son and heir of the Imaum of Muscat, who was accompanied by his suite, October 17.(7)

23rd October Thursday
A soiree was held at the Free Trade Hall of the members of the Athenæum, which was attended by Serjeant Talfourd, Douglas Jerrold, Mr. Samuel Lover, and others. October 23.(7)

27th November Thursday
Rev. William Johns died at Higher Broughton, November 27. He was born in 1771, and was the author of Use and Origin of Figurative Language, March, 1808; Importance of the Scriptures, 1813; Origin of Verbs, 1833; and others.(7)

1845
St. Clement’s Schools, Chorlton, rebuilt.(7)

1845
The Commercial Association was formed.(7)