6th. January Wednesday
Mr. James Crowther died at Manchester January 6. He was born at Manchester June 24, 1768, and was remarkable for his knowledge of botany. He was one of a remarkable group of Lancashire artisans who attained distinction as naturalists. (Cash’s Where There’s a Will, &c.)(7)

3rd. March Wednesday
Mr. Turner Prescott died at Manchester March 3. He was a native of Wigan, and was born Oct. 17, 1806. He was the author of The Law of Distress for Rent on Property not the Tenant’s Considered and Condemned, 1843.(7)

4th. March Thursday
Mr. Ottiwell Wood died at Liverpool, March 4, aged 87 years. He was treasurer of Manchester College. His son John was elected M.P. for Preston, in 1826, and in 1830 was appointed Recorder of York.(7)

26th. May Wednesday
The Manchester Races first held at Castle Irwell, May 26.(7)

28th. May Friday
The Very Rev. and Hon William Herbert, LL.D., died in London, May 28. He was a son of the first Earl of Carnarvon, and was born Jan. 12, 1778. He received his education at Eton and Oxford. In 1814 he was presented to the Rectory of Spofforth, in Yorkshire, a living he retained till his death. On the 10th of July, 1840, he was installed Warden of the Collegiate Church. On the Collegiate Church being constituted a Cathedral he became its first Dean. Dr. Herbert was an eminent classical scholar and botanist. His principal published works were Musœ Etonensis, 1795; Ossiani Durthula Grœce reddita, 1801; Select Icelandic Poetry, 1804; Miscellaneous Poetry, 1805, 2 vols.; Hedin, or the Spectre of the Tomb, 1820; The Wizard Wanderer of Jutland, a Tragedy; with Julia Montalban: a Tale, 1822; The Guahiba: a Tale, 1822; Iris, 1826; Amaryllidaceae, 1837; Attila, King of the Huns, 1837. In 1842 his works were collected and issued in 3 vols. There is an account of Dean Herbert as a botanist in the Proceedings of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, vol. xxv., p. 43. Dean Herbert married, in 1806, the Hon. Letitia Emily Dorothea Allen, who survived her husband, and died June 14, 1878, aged 94. Dean Herbert’s eldest son was Henry William Herbert, who emigrated to New York, and became well known under the pseudonym of “Frank Forrester” as a writer on sporting and natural history, and also as a novelist. H. W. Herbert committed suicide May 17, 1858.(7)

8th. June Tuesday
10 Victoria, cap. 14. Act to amend some of the provisions of the Manchester Markets Act, 1846. June 8.(7)

8th. June Tuesday
When the Marquis of Lansdowne, on June 8, moved the first reading of the Bishopric of Manchester Bill, Lord Brougham rose and examined the “bill” which had been brought in, on which he showed that it was composed of blank sheets of paper! This ludicrous incident is not mentioned in Hansard. (Manchester Guardian Local Notes and Queries, No. 682.)

21st. June Monday
The restrictions on bonding in the port of Manchester were removed, June 21.(7)

1st. July Thursday
Dr. Charles W. Bell was elected physician to the Royal Infirmary by the board of that institution, in the room of Dr. Satterthwaite, resigned, July 1.(7)

1st. July Thursday
Mr. James Smith, bookseller, St. Ann’s Place, committed suicide, July 1.(7)

4th. July Sunday
Independent Chapel, Pendleton, opened by the Rev. Dr. Raffles, of Liverpool, and the Rev. James Parsons, of York. July 4.(7)

6th. July Tuesday
The Grand Duke Constantine, second son of the Emperor of Russia, arrived in Manchester, attended by Baron Brunow, the Russian ambassador, and suite, including Vice-Admiral Lutke, M. di Berg, Secretary to the Embassy, Baron Eharppes, Rear-Admiral Heiden, Count Orloff, Colonel Lostkowsky, and Professor Grimm. The Grand Duke and suite visited some of the principal manufactories in the town. July 6.(7)

8th. July Thursday
The foundation stone of the south wing of the Royal Infirmary laid by Mr. Thomas Markland, who had been thirty years treasurer to that institution. The ceremony was followed by a public dinner to Mr. Markland, at the Albion Hotel, in recognition of his valuable services to the institution. July 8.(7)

9th. July Friday
10 and 11 Victoria, cap. 159. Act to incorporate the Huddersfield and Manchester Railway and Canal Company and the Leeds, Dewsbury, and Manchester Railway Company with the London and North-Western Railway Company. July 9.(7)

9th. July Friday
10 and 11 Victoria. Act to enable the mayor, aldermen, and burgesses of the borough of Manchester to construct waterworks for supplying the said borough and several places on the line of the said intended works with water, and for other purposes. July 9.(7)

12th. July Monday
Mr. William Hardcastle, cloth-dresser, Back Piccadilly, died July 12, from leaping through his bedroom window in his sleep. He was 67 years of age and had been for some time a somnambulist.(7)

15th. July Thursday
Thomas Price, a climbing-boy, aged seven years and seven months, died, partly from the effects of suffocation and burning whilst cleaning a flue at the premises of Messrs. Tennant, Clow, and Co, Jackson Street, Chorlton-upon­Medlock, and partly from ill-usage by his master, who was committed to Kirkdale Gaol to await his trial on a charge of manslaughter. July15.(7)

18th. July Sunday
Rev. G. H. Bowers, B.D., the new Dean of Manchester, read himself in at the Collegiate Church, at morning and afternoon services, before numerous congregations, July 18.(7)

29th. July Thursday
The Right Hon. Thomas Milner Gibson and Mr. John Bright, elected members of Parliament for Manchester. The hustings were in St. Ann’s Square. July 29.(7)

3rd. August Tuesday
The Roman Catholic Chapel, Cheetham Hill Road, was consecrated by Dr. Brown, Vicar Apostolic of the Lancashire district, to the honour of the Blessed Virgin and St. Chad. The altar in the Ladye Chapel was consecrated by Dr. Briggs, Vicar Apostolic of the Yorkshire district. It was the successor of St. Chad’s, Rock Street. (See under date 1774.) August 3. At the opening, August 4, in addition to the above named, sixty Roman Catholic clergymen took part in the ceremonial.(7)

4th. August Wednesday
Joseph Speed committed for trial, for the murder of his two children and attempting to murder his wife, August 4.(7)

6th. August Friday
A dangerous fire broke out on the premises of Messrs. Mouncey and Steadman, packing-case makers, Joiner Street, St. Andrew’s Lane, August 6. The damages were estimated at £1,120.(7)

6th. August Friday
The members of the Jewish community in Manchester presented a congratulatory address to Baron Rothschild on his election as one of the representatives of the city of London, August 6.(7)

7th. August Saturday
A fire broke out in the works in Hargreaves Street, Red Bank, occupied by Messrs. Croom and Whittaker, calico printers, August 7, by which the interior of the premises was wholly destroyed.(7)

11th. August Wednesday
A destructive fire took place in the pile of buildings fronting Market Street, and situate between Pool Street and New Brown Street. The damage was estimated at £30,000. August 11.(7)

16th. August Monday
Mr. James Holt Heron, father of Sir Joseph Heron, the first town clerk of Manchester, died August 16, upwards of 70 years of age.(7)

21st. August Saturday
A new lamp and fountain erected in Smithfield Market, Shudehill, Aug. 21.(7)

24th. August Tuesday
The Count de Montemolin, the eldest son of Don Carlos, and the Infante Don Juan Carlos, visited Manchester, August 24, and were conducted through the principal manufactories.(7)

28th. August Saturday
Mr. William Brown, M.P., requested by a meeting of the Free Traders of Lancashire to represent them at the Free Trade Congress of All Nations, to be held at Brussels on September 16. August 28.(7)

28th. August Saturday
Jenny Lind made her first appearance in Manchester, August 28. She performed as Amina in La Sonnambula. On August 31 she was serenaded by the Liedertafel at Rusholme House, the residence of Mrs. Salis Schwabe, whose guest she was. She appeared as Marian in La Figlia, September 2. During her stay she was often seen riding on horseback in the direction of Didsbury.(7)

1st. September Wednesday
Mr. Richard Porter Hewitt died at Manchester, September 1. He was born at Chester in 1790, but had spent the greater part of his life, as a working cabinet maker, in Manchester. He was author of Odes, Reflective and Historical.(7)

7th September Tuesday
John Jones, a brewer, of Camp Street, scalded to death at the Grecian’s Head, Deansgate, September 7, by falling into a mashtub of boiling water.(7)(7)

14th. September Tuesday
The Lancashire Public School Association began operations at No 3, Cross Street, September 14. Mr. Edwin Waugh was the first secretary.(7)

The Rev James Prince Lee, M. A. Head Master of King Edward’s Free Grammar School, Birmingham, appointed bishop of the new see of Manchester. October.(7)

3rd. October Sunday
Sir George Philips, Bart., M.P., died October 3. Sir George was the son of Mr. Thomas Philips, of Sedgeley, and was born March 24, 1766, and married his cousin, October 17, 1788. He was created a baronet on February 21, 1828. He was a member of the firm of J. and N. Philips, Church Street, and was succeeded by his only son, Sir George Richard Philips. Sir George was the author of a pamphlet on The Necessity of a Speedy and Effectual Reform in Parliament, March, 1782, in which he is said to have had the assistance of Dr. Ferriar. He advocated in it the admission of women to the franchise. (Gentleman’s Magazine, December, 1847, p. 636.)(7)

20th. October Wednesday
Ralph Waldo Emerson visted Manchester, where he arrived October 20, and was received at Victoria Station by Mr. Alexander Ireland, who has written an interesting biographical sketch of his friend. Emerson came by invitation to lecture before various Mechanics’ Institutions and other literary associations, and the arrangements were made by Mr. Ireland. For some months Emerson resided in Manchester, from whence, as from a centre, he went forth to lecture. “During his stay in Manchester,” says Mr. Ireland, “and just before going to London, to pay a round of visits and to lecture, he invited a number of friends, from various parts of the country, to dine and spend an evening with him at his lodgings in Lower Broughton. His guests were principally young men, ardent, hopeful, enthusiastic, moral and religious reformers, and independent thinkers, gathered together from Birmingham, Sheffield, Nottingham, Liverpool, Huddersfield, Newcastle, and other towns. One of them, a man of erratic genius and of very straitened means, but nevertheless an inveterate smoker, who not many years ago died in a lunatic asylum in New York, trudged on foot all the way from Huddersfield to be present, and next day performed the same feat homeward. He has left behind him a detailed description of this gathering, written in a rather sarcastic spirit, but curious for its life-like sketches of his fellow guests. One of the finest spirits assembled on that occasion, Henry Sutton, of Nottingham, whose little volume of poems, In Emerson’s opinion, contained pieces worthy of the genius of George Herbert, and who, happily, is still living amongst us, honoured and beloved by his friends, says that the impression on his mind was that the affair went off admirably; that all seemed delighted to have had such an opportunity of coming into closer contact with Emerson; that no one could but feel gratified by his kindliness and gentle dignity; and that his conduct and manner were perfect. ‘Any criticism to the contrary could only excite pity for the writer, if it did not too strongly call for disgust.’ It was a memorable symposium. With his fine graciousness of mannerand delicate courtesy, Emerson listened with serene amiability and an ineffably sweet smile to everything his young guests had to say, and made them feel, as was his wont, that he was the favoured one of the party, and that he specially was imbibing much wisdom and benefit from their discourse. In the course of the evening, being urgently requested to do so, he read his lecture on Plato, then unpublished, but now in his Representative Men.” Emerson in his English Traits has several references to Manchester, and passes a fine eulogium upon Mr. Ireland. The soiree of the Manchester Athenæum, in November, was presided over by Sir Archibald Alison, and attended by Richard Cobden, George Cruikshank, and others. Emerson made a remarkable speech, which, as printed in the English Traits, differs, to some extent, from the apparently verbatim report in the Manchester Guardian.(7)

3rd. November Wednesday
The foundation stone of the Manchester Royal Lunatic Asylum laid at Stockport Etchells, by Mr. Thomas Townend, treasurer to the institution. November 3.(7)

28th. November Sunday
Mr. Edward Holme, M.D., died Nov. 28. He was born at Kendal, February 17, 1770, and was a student at the Manchester Academy, whence he proceeded to Gottingen and Edinburgh Universities, and graduated M.D. at Leyden. His thesis was printed. He began practice in Manchester in 1794, and was one of the physicians at the Infirmary from 1794 to 1828. He was president of the Literary and Philosophical Society, first president of the Chetham Society, collected a large library, and had the acquaintance of Dr. Samuel Parr and other learned men. He left some property to the Rev. J. G. Robberds, and £2,000 for the support of the Unitarian ministry. A portrait of him, by Wm. Scott, in the rooms of the Literary and Philosophical Society, has been engraved by J. R. Jackson. (Baker’s Memorials, p. 117.) A biographical notice of him was read, by Dr. W. C. Henry, before the Provincial Medical and Surgical Association, 1848.

23rd. December Thursday
The premises occupied by Mr. Charles Healey, clothes dealer, Shudehill, completely destroyed by fire, December 23. Mr. Healey’s daughter, aged 6, and a servant woman, aged 60, were burnt to death by this fire. Damage to stock and building estimated at £1,400.(7)

26th. December Sunday
Mr. J. H. Nelson, the sculptor of “Venus Attiring,” died at his temporary residence, Mary Street, Strangeways, December 26. He was a native of Manchester.(7)

The Manchester Probate Court instituted. Mr. John Burder was appointed registrar.(7)

The Branch Bank of England, King Street, erected after a design by Mr. C. R. Cockerill.(7)

Mr. William Fell died at Clifton, Westmoreland. He was born at Swindale, Shap, Westmoreland, in 1758, and resided successively at Manchester, Warrington, and Lancaster. He was the author of several books and pamphlets, amongst them being—Hints on the Instruction of Youth, Manchester, 1798; System of Political Philosophy, Salford, 1808; Defence of Athletic Diversions, Lancaster, 1818; and Remarks on the Claims of the Chartists, 1839.(7)