4th. January Tuesday
Mr. Charles Clayton Ambery, bookseller, died January 4.(7)

27th. January Thursday
A great banquet was held at the Free Trade Hall, to celebrate the triumph of the Anti-Corn-Law League, January 27.(7)

1st. February Tuesday
Mr. Paul Dyson, who was well known in sporting circles, found drowned near Holt Town reservoir, February 1.(7)

11th. February Friday
The foundation stone of St. Margaret's Church, Whalley Range, was laid February 11, by Dr. Lee, Bishop of Manchester, immediately after his enthronement at the Cathedral on the same day. The consecration took place April 8, 1849. Mr. T. P. Harrison, of London, was the architect. The first rector was the Rev. John Hutton Crowder, who died at Bromsgrove, October, 1883, aged 63.(7)

11th. February Friday
A boiler explosion on the premises of Mr. Thomas Riley, spindle and fly maker, 7, Medlock Street, Ardwick, February 11. Twelve persons were killed.(7)

14th. February Monday
A copy of The League newspaper, in three volumes, presented to Miss Todman, King Inn, Oldham Street, with the following inscription in gold letters: "Presented to Miss Todman, as a small tribute of respect and esteem for her laudable exertions in the great cause of commercial freedom." February 14.(7)

26th. February Saturday
Mr. David Stott, of Butler Street, died February 26, aged 60. He was the founder of St. Paul's Sunday School, Bennett Street, at one time the largest of its kind in the county, numbering 2,600 scholars, and was connected with it as an active and zealous labourer from its commencement in 1801 to the time of his death. He first originated the Sunday School Sick and Burial Society, which he established in the above school, and which had dispensed pecuniary relief to its members, during the 35 years preceding his death, amounting to more than 7,000. (Bennett Street Memorials.)(7)

8th. March Wednesday
Serious riots occurred in the neighbourhood of New Cross, when some of the mills in the neighbourhood were attacked by the mob. Seven of the rioters were committed for trial at the assizes, charged with being concerned in an attack on Messrs. Kennedy's mill, Ancoats. March 8, 9.(7)

10th. March Friday
Blackfriars Bridge was opened to the public by Mr. William Jenkinson, the mayor, and the other public authorities of Salford. The gates were lifted off the hinges, whilst the bars and lamp were demolished and removed, and the bridge declared "free to the public for ever." The proceedings were witnessed by a large crowd. March 10. The opening of the bridge was celebrated by a cold collation in the large room of the Salford Town Hall, March 11. About 125 of the principal inhabitants were present.(7)

13th. March Monday
A great Chartist meeting was held in front of the Salford Town Hall, March 13, to move a congratulatory address to the people of France on their establishment of the republic.(7)

17th. March Friday
A great meeting was held in the Free Trade Hall, March 17, to promote a fraternisation between the Chartists and the Irish Repcalers. On the Saturday there was a soiree at the Town Hall. Messrs. F. O'Connor, M.P., Roberts and T. F. Meagher were amongst the speakers. (Gammage's History of the Chartist Movement, p. 319.)(7)

18th. March Saturday
A great demonstration in the Town Hall, King Street, March 18, in favour of the Repeal of the Union between England and Ireland.(7)

A meeting of the friends and congregation of Dr. John William Massie was held to express their esteem for him, previous to his departure for London to undertake the duties of secretary to the Home Missionary Society. March.(7)

1st. April Saturday
A conference between the unemployed operatives and the mayor and magistrates of Manchester was held in the Town Hall, April 1, respecting the privations of their class and the means of relieving them. The deputation was requested to furnish the guardians with a list of persons requiring relief.(7)

1st. April Saturday
Mr. Joseph Roebuck, of Great Jackson Street, Hulme, died April 1, aged 87 years. He had been a member of the Wesleyan Methodist Society sixty-two years, and a teacher in the Bridgewater Street Sabbath School forty-five years.(7)

4th. April Tuesday
At the Chartist National Convention, which opened 4th April at London, Manchester was represented by Daniel Donovan and James Leach, who in one of the debates said he should "say nothing of physical or moral force, but leave that to the chapter of accidents." (Gammage's History of the Chartist Movement, p. 325.) The Salford representative was J. Hoy.(7)

4th. April Tuesday
A Chartist meeting was held in Stephenson Square, April 4, for the purpose of petitioning Parliament for the liberation of Frost, Williams, and Jones.(7)

9th. April Sunday
Richard Baron Howard, M.D., died at York, April 9. He was educated at Edinburgh University. Immediately after taking his degree he settled in Manchester. He was one of the physician's clerks in the Infirmary, and was afterwards successively physician to the Ardwick and Ancoats Dispensary and the Royal Infirmary. He wrote a treatise on the morbid effects of insufficient food, and was selected by the Poor-law Commissioners to prepare a report on the sanitary condition of Manchester. In this valuable production he was the first to point out many causes of disease which lurk in crowded localities.(7)

13th. April Thursday
A Temperance conference was held in Manchester on April 13 and two following days.(7)

16th. April Sunday
A Chartist meeting was held on Sunday, April 16, at Smithfield, and was said to have been attended by 100,000 persons. On the 17th it was stated in the National Convention that the Chartist petition from Manchester had received 170,000 signatures.(7)

19th. April Wednesday
Mr. Edwin Butterworth died of typhus fever, at Busk, Oldham, April 19, aged 36. He was the author of a variety of publications relating to the local history of South Lancashire, and assisted Mr. Edward Baines in the compilation of the History of Lancashire. Mr. Butterworth's Tabula Mancuniensis may be regarded as the foundation of the Annals of Manchester. There is a notice of him in the Dictionary of National Biography.(7)

At the Warwick Assizes, in April, the Bishop of Manchester prosecuted Mr. Thomas Gutteridge, a surgeon, for libel. Mr. Gutteridge had charged the Bishop with harshness, partiality, and acts of intoxication. After a long trial the jury returned a verdict for the Bishop.(7)

Serious apprehensions were felt of a Chartist rising, and in consequence the number of special constables sworn in to assist in keeping the peace of the town amounted to about 12,000. April.(7)

The Right Hon. T. M. Gibson, M.P., resigned his office of Vice-President of the Board of Trade. April.(7)

18th. May Thursday
A great Irish Repeal meeting was held in Stevenson Square, May 18, "for the purpose of expressing the opinions entertained by the great democratic body in Manchester and Salford respecting the incarceration and pending prosecutions of Messrs. O'Brien, Meagher, and Mitchell."(7)

19th. May Friday
Turn-out of the Tib Street oakum pickers on account of an increase in their hours of labour. May 19.(7)

Under the south gallery of St. John's Church, Deansgate, is a mural monument of Caen stone, with the inscription, "In memory of William Marsden, who presided over the committee which obtained for Manchester, in 1843, the Saturday half-holiday. He died May, 1848, aged 27 years. In affectionate remembrance of his private worth, and in commemoration of the cause in which he felt so deep an interest, this monument is raised by the contributions of those who have been benefited by his efforts. 'Cast thy bread upon the waters for then shalt thou find it after many days.'"(7)

9th. June Friday
11 Victoria, cap. 3. Act for the consecration of a portion of the Manchester General Cemetery. June 9.(7)

26th. June Monday
Mr. Thomas Fleming died at Broughton View, Pendleton, June 26. He was born in Water Street September 26, 1767, and was a successful merchant and a man of public spirit. To him is said to be largely due the improvement of Market Street in 1820, and the erection of Blackfriars Bridge in the preceding year. To him also is due the appropriation of the gas profits to public purposes. He was president of the "Sociable Club," and a member of John Shaw's club. He was buried at the Blind Asylum Chapel, Old Trafford. There is a statue of him by E. H. Bailey in the Manchester Cathedral.(7)

19th. July Wednesday
The first annual dinner of the Manchester Licensed Victuallers' Society, at the Albion Hotel, Piccadilly, July 19.(7)

22nd. July Saturday
11 and 12 Victoria, cap. 86. Act for vesting in the Manchester, Sheffield, and Lincolnshire Railway Company the canal navigation from Manchester to or near Ashton-under-Lyne and Oldham. July 22.(7)

22nd. July Saturday
11 and 12 Victoria, cap. 94. Act for vesting in the Manchester, Sheffield, and Lincolnshire Railway Company the Sheffield Canal. July 22.(7)

22nd. July Saturday
11 and 12 Victoria, cap. 101. Act to alter, amend, and enlarge the powers and provisions of the Manchester Corporation Waterworks Act, 1847. July 22.(7)

At the July sessions of the Central Criminal Court, Williams, Jones, Francis Looney, and other Chartists were tried.(7)

Mrs. Henry Burdett died at London in July. She was the elder sister (Fanny) of Charles Dickens. Her husband was a distinguished operatic singer, but having conceived conscientious objections to the stage, he settled in Manchester as a teacher of music. Both husband and wife were members of the Congregational Church at Rusholme Road, and conductors of the choir there. They were visited by the elder Mr. and Mrs. Dickens, as well as by Charles Dickens, who, from their little deformed child Harry, took his first idea of Paul Dombey. Fanny Dickens is buried in Highgate Cemetery. (Forster's Life of Dickens; Griffin's Memories of the Past, pp. 165-210; Dickens's Letters.)(7)

3rd. August Thursday
The rumours and alarming events connected with the Chartists and Irish Confederates about this time induced the magistrates of Manchester to take strong measures for breaking up the secret clubs and organisation of these two bodies. At ten o'clock on the night of August 3 a force of three hundred police constables was concentrated at the Oldham Road Station, and there formed into five divisions under the command of Captain Willis, Mr. Beswick, and the different superintendents of the Manchester force. These bodies of police. made a simultaneous visit to the Chartist clubrooms in the neighbourhood of Ancoats and Oldham Road, and arrested the following persons: James Leach, Thomas Whittaker, Henry Ellis, Daniel Donovan, John Joseph Finnigan, Patrick Devlin, Michael Corrigan, George Rogers, Thomas Rankin, Joshua Lemon, Henry Williams, George Webber, George White, Thomas Dowlin, and Samuel Kearns.(7)

9th. August Wednesday
The Roman Catholic Cathedral Church of St. John the Evangelist, in Salford, opened August 9. Eight Roman Catholic bishops-Dr. Briggs, Dr. Wareing, Dr. Wiseman, Dr. Brown, Dr. Morris, Dr. Sharples, Dr. Devereux, Dr. Daniel Devereux-the Rev. Dr. Milley, the Rev. Wm. Cobb, father provincial of the Society of Jesus in England, and one hundred and thirty priests, took part in the ceremonial of the day. The Earl of Arundel and Surrey, the Hon. Charles Langdale, Count D'Alton, the Hon. Thomas Stonor, Sir William Lawson, Sir Thomas and Lady de Trafford, and a large number of Roman Catholic gentry were present. Dr. Wiseman preached. At the close of the services upwards of 300 ladies and gentlemen partook of a cold collation in the large room of the Salford Town Hall.(7)

12th. August Saturday
Mr. George Stephenson died August 12. In 1825 he was appointed chief engineer of the projected Liverpool and Manchester Railway, made the preliminary surveys, and in 1826 began the construction of the road, which occupied four years.(7)

14th. August Monday
11 and 12 Victoria, cap. 5. Act to authorise grants in fee and leases for long terms of years, for building purposes, of the denied estate of Mr. John Newton, deceased, situate at Gorton, in the parish of Manchester. August 14.(7)

14th. August Monday
11 and 12 Victoria, cap. 146. Act for altering and amending an Act passed for maintaining the road from Crossfield Bridge to Manchester, and a branch connected therewith. August 14.(7)

14th. August Monday
11 and 12 Victoria, cap. 145. Act for continuing the term of an Act passed in the eighth year of the reign of King George IV., intituled an Act for more effectually repairing and maintaining the road from Hulme across the river Irwell, through Salford, to Eccles, and a branch of road communicating therewith, so far as relates to the road from Hulme to Eccles, for the purpose of enabling the trustees to pay off the debt now due on the said roads. August 14.(7)

18th. August Friday
Alderman William Burd died at his house in Higher Broughton, August 18, aged 59. He had been one of the aldermanic body since the incorporation of the town, and in that capacity he represented successively the Cheetham and the New Cross Wards. Mr. Burd was an ardent reformer, and a zealous supporter of the principles of civil and religious liberty, and he took an active interest in the operations of the Anti-Corn Law League.(7)

22nd. August Tuesday
Forty-six Chartist leaders and orators were indicted for conspiracy, and a true bill found against the whole by the grand jury of the South Lancashire Assizes at Liverpool, and bench warrants issued for their apprehension. The best known of the prisoners was Dr. P. M. M'Douall, who was sentenced to two years' imprisonment. The remaining trials did not come on until December, when various sentences of imprisonment were passed. August 22.(7)

22nd. August Tuesday
Robert Houdin, the conjurer, at the Theatre Royal, from August 22 to September 6. He gives a very amusing account of his first appearance in Manchester in his Memoirs, vol. ii., pp. 137-147.(7)

9th. September Saturday
Jenny Lind again visited the town, and appeared as Lucia, September 9th, and as Amina on the 11th. In this and in a preceding visit she was supported by F. Lablache.(7)

16th. September Saturday
Mr. Russell Scott Taylor, B.A., died at his house, the Laurels, September 16, aged 25. He was the eldest son of the late Mr. John Edward Taylor, and was one of the proprietors and editors of the Manchester Guardian, with which journal he had been actively connected since the death of his father. He was held in the highest esteem by all who knew him, for his amiable disposition and intellectual acquirements. Previous to his attendance at the London University, where he took the degree of B.A. in the session of 1845, he was honourably distinguished on various occasions at the examinations of the Manchester College.(7)

22nd. September Friday
The Duchess of Cambridge and suite visited Heaton Park, the seat of the Earl of Wilton. There was a grand review in the park of all the troops stationed at Manchester, September 22.(7)

9th. October Monday
The inscription stone of the Borough Gaol, Hyde Road, laid by Mr. Elkanah Armitage, mayor, October 9.(7)

8th. November Wednesday
An elegant candelabrum presented to Major-General Wemyss, at the residence of Mr. Elkanah Armitage, The Priory, Pendleton, November 8, as a public testimony of his services as military commander of the district from 1836 to 1842.(7)

12th. November Sunday
Colonel George Hibbert, C.B., died in London, November 12, at the age of 56 he joined the 40th regiment (the old X L's), at Toulouse in 1814 and fought at Waterloo. Mr. Hibbert commanded his regiment in Afghanistan in 1838-42 with ability that led the Duke of Wellington to place his nephew, Dr. Hibbert Ware's son, amongst the candidates for a commission without purchase, which he accordingly received. He was wounded in the Crimean War. Colonel Hibbert was appointed C.B. in 1842. He was buried at Ardwick Cemetery with military honours. (Life of S. Hibbert-Ware; Palatine Note-book, vol. i., p. 37.)(7)

15th. November Wednesday
The Gaythorn Cotton Works, belonging to Mr. James Fernley, cotton spinner, were destroyed by fire, November 15. Damage, 21,000.(7)

29th. November Wednesday
Arthur Sidney Matthews, the son of Mr. Samuel Matthews, surgeon, died November 29, aged 4 years and 9 months. He was an infant prodigy, remarkable for the largeness of his body and the rapid development of his mental powers.(7)

30th. December Saturday
Mr. Samuel Hibbert-Ware, MD., died December 30. He was born at Manchester, April 21, 1782, and was the son of Mr. Samuel Hibbert, a merchant. He achieved distinction alike as geologist and archaeologist. He served for six years as lieutenant of militia. After graduating M.D. at Edinburgh, he visited the Shetland Islands, of which he published an account in 1820. He resided for some years at Edinburgh, but the later part of his life was spent at Hale Barns near Bowdon. In 1837 he assumed, by royal licence, the name of Ware, as representative of the family of Sir James Ware, the historian of Ireland. His principal work is the History of the Collegiate Church of Manchester (forming part of the work known as the Foundations of Manchester), and the Memorials of the Rebellion of Lancashire in 1715. The Life and Correspondence of the late Samuel Hibbert-Ware, by Mrs. Hibbert-Ware, Manchester, 1882, contains a full account of his scientific and literary labours, and much interesting information as to the affairs of the locality in the century following the rebellion of 1745. A briefer notice of him, with a portrait, is given in the Palatine Note-book, vol. i., p. 37. He is buried at Ardwick Cemetery.(7)

The Regent Bridge, Salford, which since its opening in 1808 had been a pay bridge, was made free of toll.(7)

Mr. Ernest Jones was arrested at Manchester on a charge of sedition, for the words of a speech at the Chartist meeting on Kennington Common.(7)

A large Chartist meeting held in the Hall of Science, attended by some 3,000 people. The object was to hear from Fergus O'Conor a reply to some charges made against him, in connection with the land scheme, by some of his associates and by Alexander Somerville in the Manchester Examiner. The meeting was enthusiastically in favour of O'Conor. (Gammage's History of the Chartist Movement, p. 310.)(7)

It was probably in 1848 that a small book appeared entitled Original Hymns for the Use of the People called Nazarenes, wherein the Spirituality or Internal Signification of the Sacred Scriptures are laid open. By J. Stuart, junior. Printed at the Nazarene office, 14, Foster Street, Ardwick. The author of this curious work is perhaps the Joseph Stuart, of Foster Street, who is described as a portrait painter in the Manchester Directory of 1848.(7)