1849       

9th. January Tuesday
The Salford Borough Museum and Library, Peel Park, was opened to the public, January 9. The circumstances of its foundation are detailed in Edwards's Free Town Libraries.(7)

10th. January Wednesday
A great meeting of the Liberal electors was held in the Free Trade Hall, January 10, for the consideration of the question of financial reform and retrenchment, and for deciding upon the best means of speedily and effectively reducing the enormous expenditure of the country. Five thousand five hundred persons were present. Messrs. Cobden, Bright, and the Hon. T. M. Gibson addressed the meeting. It was resolved to co-operate with the Liverpool Financial Reform Association and other bodies in their efforts to reduce the expenditure to at least the standard of 1835.(7)

20th. January Saturday
Three men were killed by the fall of one of the South Junction Railway arches at the bottom of Gloucester Street, behind Little Ireland. January 20.(7)

26th. January Friday
Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas Arbuthnot died January 26, aged 72. He was born in 1776, entered the army as an ensign in the 29th Foot in 1794, and served in the Cape of Good Hope, in the Peninsula. He was twice wounded. He was created a K.G.B. in 1815. In 1826 he was sent to Portugal in command of a brigade. He afterwards commanded a district in Ireland, and having attained the rank of Lieutenant-General, in 1838, was appointed general in command of the Northern Midland Districts, which command he retained till his death. Sir Thomas had a considerable military reputation, and the good opinion which the Duke of Wellington entertained of his judgment and efficiency was proved by his having selected him for the newly-constituted command at Manchester at a time when the Chartists were causing a good deal of anxiety in this country. A memoir of Arbuthnot will be found in the Dictionary of National Biography, vol. 2, p.67.(7)

31st. January Wednesday
A banquet was held at the Free Trade Hall, January 31, in celebration of the final repeal of the Corn Laws. Upwards of three thousand persons were present, including twenty Members of Parliament and two hundred merchants and persons of influence. Mr. George Wilson presided.(7)

26th. February Monday
The new church of St. Simon, Springfield Lane, was consecrated by the Bishop of Manchester, February 26. This was the first parish church erected under Sir Robert Peel's Act. The architect was Mr. Richard Lane, and the cost was 6,040.(7)

1st. March Thursday
Earl Cathcart was appointed to the military command of the Northern District, and arrived in Manchester March 1.(7)

2nd. March Friday
The incumbency of the new church of St. John the Evangelist, Broughton, presented to the Rev. Frank Bowcher Wright, of Handborough, near Oxford, by the trustees, March 2.(7)

18th. March Sunday
The Manchester Exchange was opened by a full-dress ball in aid of the funds of the Public Baths and Washhouses. March 18.(7)

29th. March Thursday
A meeting, convened by the mayor, was held at the Town Hall "to consider the propriety of petitioning Parliament in favour of the establishment of a general system of secular education in this country, to be supported by local rates, and managed by local authorities elected by the ratepayers specially for that purpose." March 29.(7)

March and April
Mr. George Henry Lewes was in Manchester in March and April. In addition to lecturing on "Speculative Philosophy" at the Athenaeum, he appeared as Shylock, at the Theatre Royal, March 10, and in his own play, The Noble Heart, on April 16 and 19. His conception of Shylock-that of the vindication of his oppressed race-was not regarded as a success.(7)

11th. June Monday
James Robinson, "the Ebony Phenomenon," a well-known pugilist, died of cholera June 11, in his twenty-first year. He is buried in Rusholme Road Cemetery. "A real genius in his profession" is the verdict of Procter. (Our Turf, &c., p. 87.)(7)

11th. June Monday
The town was again visited by Asiatic cholera. The first death occurred in Redfern Street, Miller Street, June 11. The cholera was prevalent in September.(7)

16th. June Saturday
Broughton Silk Mills, Broughton Road, completely destroyed by fire, June 16. The damage to stock and building was estimated at 40,000.(7)

19th. June Tuesday
Mr. Robert Rose, the "bard of colour," died in St. Stephen Street, Salford, June 19. He was a West Indian creole, born in 1806, and long resident in Manchester. He wrote The Coronation, 1838, a variety of occasional verses. Some amusing particulars are given of him in Procter's Literary Reminiscences and Lithgow's Life of .J. C. Prince, p. 134.(7)

2nd. July Monday
Sir Robert Peel died at his residence, Whitehall, July 2, from injuries received by a fall from his horse. He was born on the 5th of February, 1788, at Chamber Hall, Bury, near Manchester. His career belongs to English history, and it is not necessary here to detail the career of a statesman who preferred the claims of the nation to those of his party. His name will ever be associated with the Repeal of the Corn Laws, and with the establishment of Free Trade.(7)

5th. July Thursday
Day and Sunday schools in connection with Cavendish Street Chapel were opened July 5.(7)

8th. July Sunday
Mr. John Greaves, justice of the peace and a deputy lieutenant of the county of Lancaster, died at his residence, Irlam Hall, July 8.(7)

July
The Manchester Law Clerks' Friendly Society was established in July.(7)

9th. August Thursday
A meeting convened by the Mayor was held in the Town Hall to condemn the interference of the Russian and French Governments in the affairs of Hungary and Rome. August 9.(7)

10th. August Friday
The foundation stone of a new Wesleyan school, in connection with Ebenezer Chapel, Red Bank, was laid by Mr. Francis Parnell. August 10.(7)

13th. August Monday
The Rev. James Bardsley appointed to the incumbency of the new St. Philip's Church, Bradford Road, by the trustees, August 13.(7)

21st. August Tuesday
Colonel Walters arrived in town commissioned to undertake the command of the Royal Engineers in the Manchester district, August 21.(7)

23rd. August Thursday
Rev. Samuel Wood, B.A., Unitarian minister, died at London, August 23. He was born at Manchester, January 1, 1797. He was the author of Prayers for Sunday Schools, etc.; Bible Stories, 1831; Scripture Geography; The Convent and the Railway; a Sermon, 1845. (Christian Reformer, November, 1849.)(7)

30th. August Thursday
The Rev. William Shelmerdine died, August 30, aged 90. He had been for sixty years a preacher of the Gospel in connection with the Wesleyan Methodists.(7)

August
Manchester Temperance Reporter. No. 1 of this periodical was issued in August. About a score of weekly numbers followed. It was edited by Mr. Samuel Pope (afterwards Q.C.). The contributors included Alexander Somerville, Edwin Waugh, J. C. Prince, and others. (City News Notes and Queries, vol. i., p. 201).(7)

August
The Revds. James Everett, Samuel Dunn, and William Griffiths were expelled from the Wesleyan Connexion by the Conference then sitting in Oldham Street Chapel. August.(7)

1st. September Saturday
The foundation stone of the Temperance Hall, Chorlton-upon-Medlock, was laid by Mr. William Morris, September 1.(7)

1st. September Saturday
A dreadful thunderstorm occurred in Manchester and the neighbourhood, September 1.(7)

4th. September Tuesday
The Episcopal Chapel in Heathfield, Greenheys, put up for sale by auction, by Mr. George Robins, of London, at 3,000, but there was not a single bid in advance, and the sale could not be effected. September 4.(7)

6th. September Thursday
John Richardson, of Ardwick, was killed by being stabbed with two pieces of red-hot iron by a blacksmith named Lee, September 6.(7)

12th. September Wednesday
The foundation stone of the Presbyterian Church and Schools, Grosvenor Square, was laid September 12.(7)

September
In accordance with the plan laid down by the Vice-Chancellor of England, in his decree of January 10, new trustees of the Manchester Grammar School were selected from persons residing in the town of Manchester. The following gentlemen were the members of the new trust: Sir Elkanah Armitage, Messrs. John Mayson, E. R. Langworthy, R. N. Philips, Robert Barbour, Thomas Hunter, W. B. Watkins, Oliver Heywood, C. H. Rickards, Thomas Armstrong. John Peel, and J. C. Harter. September.(7)

9th. October Tuesday
Mr. W. C. Macready made his farewell appearance at the Theatre Royal in the character of Hamlet on October 9. He delivered a farewell address, which was interrupted by frequent applause. On the day preceding, an address was presented to him by the Manchester Shaksperean Society. His father was lessee 1806-9. When Macready had made his name as an actor he performed in the town in 1823, 1824, 1828, 1830, 1833-35, 1845-49. There are many references to the town in his Reminiscences.(7)

27th. October Saturday
Mr. John Brooks died at his residence, Clarendon House, Cheetham Hill, Oct. 27. He was the son of Mr. Wm. Brooks, of the firm of Cunliffe and Brooks, bankers, and brother of Mr. Samuel Brooks, of Whalley House, Manchester, the successor of their father in the bank. He was born at Whalley in 1786, and began business as a calico printer in 1809, in partnership with Mr. Butterworth Mr. Brooks's experience gave him an advantage in the discussion of commercial politics over men more practised in eloquence as, for instance, his examination of Lord Stanley, at Lancaster, in 1841, silenced his lordship on mercantile statistics for several years after. His mode of speaking, and embodying his speeches with facts, was original and forcible, and strikingly characteristic of the blunt plainness and truthfulness of the man. He was one of the earliest and most zealous members of the Council of the Anti-Corn-Law League, and till its dissolution continued to be one of the hardest workers. In May, 1848, being impaired in health, by the unresting strain upon his physical and mental energies, he went for change to the United States, but returned without deriving permanent benefit. He was not only liberal with his purse and his personal services for favourite political measures and men, but tolerant of other men's opinions. He was remarkably generous to his dependents. On one occasion, information reached him that he had lost the sum of 70,000, lent to a person who seemed to have large property, and who assured him it was unencumbered. It turned out that the property was mortgaged to its full amount when the assurance was made. Mr. Brooks went to his warehouse chagrined, and told his manager that he had been so deceived that he was resolved to cease to lend money-to stop his charities-and spend nothing. While he was yet speaking, a woman with some ragged children were observed in the passage. Apparently unconscious of what he had said, he ordered a shilling to be given. The clerk reminded him of his resolution. "Well, well," said he, "but don't begin with this woman and her children." He never did begin such a change Death only closed the charities of a life that was as benevolent as it was manly and upright.(7)

29th. October Monday
Mr. John Isherwood died, October 29. He was possessed of a pure bass voice of rare compass, a refined taste, and correct judgment, and lacked nothing but the necessary practice to place him in the highest rank of vocalists. He was among the best glee singers of his day, and for many years devoted himself gratuitously to the services of the Choral Society and Glee Club of this town.(7)

1849
Mr. Benjamin Rawlinson Faulkner died in London. He was born at Manchester in 1787, where he was a portrait painter, and exhibited at the Royal Academy.(7)

1849
Harriet Martineau visited Manchester, and was the guest of Mr. S. D. Darbishire. (Autobiography, vol. iii., p. 354.)(7)