1850       

20th. January Sunday
A lady, named Novelli, residing in Higher Broughton, was murdered by her brother-in-law, Mr. A. Novelli, who was insane, and who afterwards hung himself from the bed-post. January 20.(7)

29th. January Tuesday
A meeting of the Financial and Parliamentary Reform Association was held in the Free Trade Hall, January 29, under the presidency of Mr. G. Wilson.(7)

5th. February Tuesday
A hurricane of a more destructive nature than any known in England for many years visited this neighbourhood, February 5.(7)

6th. February Wednesday
A fire at All Saints' Church, Oxford Road, destroyed the greater part of the structure, February 6. The fire arose from the burning of Christmas decorations in the stove. Some embers lodging in the flue are thought to have set fire to the wooden workplate. The damage caused was between 3,000 and 4,000. An engraving of the disaster is given in the Illustrated London News, February 16. The church was reopened September 26.(7)

9th. February Saturday
Temperance Reporter and Journal of Useful Literature, No 1, February 9. Five or six numbers appeared. The editors were Samuel Pope and Joseph Johnson (City News Notes and Queries, vol i p 201)(7)

9th. March Saturday
Bateman's Buildings, Deansgate, were destroyed by fire, March 9. The damage was estimated at 2,000.(7)

25th. March Monday
The Manchester Poor Law Union dissolved March 25. It was replaced by a Board of Guardians elected annually. The first election was In May.(7)

2nd. April Tuesday
Lord John Russell and Lady Russell visited Manchester, April 2. During their stay of four days they visited the principal works, and addresses were presented to them by the Corporations of Manchester and Salford. They were the guests of Sir Benjamin Heywood, Bart., Claremont.(7)

5th. April Friday
St. Philip's Church, Bradford, was consecrated by Bishop Lee, April 5. The architect was Mr. E. H. Shellard, and the cost of erection 4,230. It has 1060 sittings.(7)

April
The Hall of Science, Campfield, purchased by Alderman John Potter (Mayor of Manchester), for 1,200, for the purpose of a Free Library. April.(7)

6th. May Monday
Mr. Francis Philips died May 6. He was born at Manchester, September 27, 1771. He was the author of History of Johnny Shuttle and his Cottage: a Tale interesting to the Inhabitants of Manchester, 1809; Exposure of the Calumnies against the Magistrates and Yeomanry, 1819, &c. (Gentleman's Magazine, August, 1850, p. 217.)(7)

28th. May Tuesday
The North of England Tulip and Horticultural Show held in the Corn Exchange, May 28. This is said to have been the first show of the kind held in Manchester.(7)

June
The Orion steamship was wrecked on her passage from Liverpool to Glasgow, when Mr. John Roby, of Rochdale (author of the Traditions of Lancashire), and 40 other persons were lost. A narrative of this disaster was published, written by the Rev. Joseph Clarke, M.A., of Stretford, one of the survivors. June.(7)

8th. July Monday
A meeting was held in the Town Hall, July 8, for the purpose of considering the propriety of a monument in memory of Sir Robert Peel.(7)

26th. July Friday
Mr. Benjamin Stott died at Manchester, July 26. He was born at Manchester, November 24, 1813, and after being educated at Chetham's College was apprenticed to a bookbinder, in which trade he worked all his life. He was author of Songs for the Million (with memoir), Middleton, 1843.(7)

28th. July Sunday
Two sermons were preached in St. John's Catholic Church, Salford, July 28, by Dr. Wiseman, previous to his setting out for Rome to receive a cardinal's hat from the Pope.(7)

29th. July Monday
13 and 14 Victoria, cap. 41. Act to authorise the division of the parish of Manchester in several parishes, and for the application of the revenues of the Collegiate and Parish Church, and for other purposes. July 29.(7)

31th. July Wednesday
Mr. Charles Kenworthy died July 31. He was born in Manchester, Sept. 12, 1773, and was a pattern-maker by trade. His first poetical fancies were printed in the Manchester Gazette. In 1808 he published a pamphlet of poetry and politics, entitled A Peep into the Temple. This was followed by other small ventures. In 1847 he issued his scattered verses under the title of Original Poems on Miscellaneous Subjects. He is buried at Rusholme Road Cemetery, and on his gravestone is the epitaph, "Here slumbers Sorrow's child." (Procter's Reminiscences, p. 108.)(7)

8th. August Thursday
Rev. Robinson Elsdale, D.D. (Oxford, 1838), died at Wrington, August 8, aged 67. Dr. Elsdale was the son of Captain Robinson Elsdale, the hero and partly the author of Captain Marryat's Privateersman. Dr. Elsdale was born March 26, 1783, and became second master and in 1838, or 1837, head master of the Manchester Free Grammar School, but failing health compelled his retirement in 1840. In addition to his scholastic work Dr. Elsdale performed that of a parish priest, having been successively curate of Cheetham Hill and Chorlton, and from 1819 to his death was incumbent of Stretford. (Manchester School Register, vol. iii., p. 8.)(7)

14th. August Wednesday
13 and 14 Victoria. Act to enable the Council of the borough of Manchester to determine their liability to defray the expenses of customs in respect of goods warehoused in the said borough, and to authorise the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury to direct the discontinuance of the further warehousing of goods in such warehouses without payment of duty. August 14.(7)

19th. August Monday
The seventh meeting of the British Archaeological Association was held in the Town Hall, August 19, and five following days. Mr. James Heywood, M.P., F.R.S., and F.S.A., presided.(7)

22nd. October Tuesday
Mr. A. J. Scott, Professor of English Language in the London University, was appointed first principal of the Owens College, October 22.(7)

30th. October Wednesday
A conference of delegates, from various parts of England, on Secular Education, held in the Mechanics' Institution, Cooper Street, October 30.(7)

31st. October Thursday
A public meeting, in connection with Secular Education, was held in the Corn Exchange, Hanging Ditch, October 31.(7)

1st. November Friday
At a conference of the Lancashire Public School Association, November 1, the name of the association was changed to the National Public Schools Association.(7)

4th. November Monday
The Royal Museum in Peel Park formally opened by the Mayor of Salford, in the presence of Mr. Joseph Brotherton, M.P., and other influential gentlemen, November 4.(7)

4th. November Monday
The National Public Schools Association held its first meeting under its new name, November 4.(7)

7th. November Thursday
At a meeting of the Chamber of Commerce, November 7, it was resolved to send out Mr. Alexander Mackay on a mission to India, to ascertain the real obstacles preventing an ample supply of cotton from that country.(7)

21st. November Thursday
The Protestant inhabitants of Manchester held a meeting in the Free Trade Hall, November 21, to consider what steps should be taken in regard to the territorial designations adopted by the Roman Catholic prelates. The action of the Papacy was denounced as an unwarrantable aggression, and the Ecclesiastical Titles Bill was passed in hot haste.(7)

24th. November Sunday
The Church Reform Association dissolved November 24. It was formed March 12, 1847.(7)

November
Mr. Thomas Wilson died at Woodhouses, November, aged 62. He was a silk weaver at Middleton, who engaged in discussion with Richard Carlile and other Freethinkers. Wilson was a Swedenborgian, and shortly before his death gave a series of theological lectures in Hulme, which have been printed. (The Dawn, July 17, 1884.)(7)

November
The extension of the Manchester Exchange was completed in November, The cost was 86,000.(7)

8th. December Sunday
Mr. William Sturgeon died Dec. 8. He was born in 1783, at Lancaster where his father was an idle shoemaker. At one time he was an artilleryman, and a terrific thunderstorm turned his curiosity in the direction of electrical science, and his discoveries were of great importance. He was "without doubt the originator of the electro-magnet." He came to Manchester in 1838 to superintend the Victoria Gallery of Practical Science, which failed. Throughout his life, labour and poverty were his lot, and at last a Government pension of 50 was granted to him, but he only enjoyed it for a year and a quarter. He founded and conducted the Annals of Electricity, in ten volumes. In 1849 his scientific papers were collected in a large quarto volume. (Smith's Centenary, p. 266.)(7)

16th. December Monday
The Hon. Abbott Lawrence, United States Minister, visited Manchester, December 16.(7)

1850
A ball in aid of the Salford and Pendleton Dispensary realised 764.(7)

1850
The Manchester Borough Gaol, in Hyde Road, was completed.(7)

1850
Springfield Lane Bridge was built.(7)

1850
A fire occurred at Messrs. Westhead and Co.'s, Piccadilly. A fireman was killed, and another died shortly afterwards, from the injuries he received. The damage was estimated at 90,000.(7)

1850
The private carriages in Manchester and Salford numbered 1,009, drawn by 1,300 horses. There were 64 omnibuses, drawn by 387 horses; 974 horses for riding, and 2,108 draught horses; 187 hackney coaches and cabs, drawn by 408 horses-making a total of 1,260 public and private vehicles, drawn by 3,877 horses.(7)

1850
A Chartist meeting was held in the People's Institute, at which it was resolved to adopt a proposal of O'Conor's for a conference to be held in this city on New Years Day following. This suggestion had been opposed by Mr. Ernest Jones, who lectured frequently in Manchester at this time.(7)

1850
The Assembly Rooms, Mosley Street, sold by auction for 9,000. (See under date 1792.)(7)