1852       

19th. January Monday
A meeting of the unemployed machinemen and labourers was held in the People's Institute, Heyrod Street, Ancoats, January 19.(7)

20th. January Tuesday
A meeting was held in the Town Hall in advocacy of an ocean penny postage, January 20. The project was explained by Mr. Elihu Burritt, "the learned blacksmith," and received warm approval.(7)

20th. January Tuesday
A meeting, presided over by Mr. George Wilson, was held in Newall's Buildings, to consider the proposals of the Government for Parliamentary reform. January 20.(7)

22nd. January Thursday
A meeting was held in the Free Trade Hall, to petition against the Government grant to Maynooth, January 22.(7)

January
Father Gavazzi delivered several orations at the Free Trade Hall. January.(7)

5th. February Thursday
In consequence of heavy rains having fallen for several days, the rivers overflowed their banks, February 5, causing considerable damage. Lower Broughton Road, Great Clowes Street, Hough Lane, and other streets in the neighbourhood were flooded, and their inhabitants on returning from work had to be taken home in boats. The lower part of Peel Park was covered with water to a depth of four feet. The Medlock, Irk, Mersey, Goyt, and Black Brook also overflowed and did considerable damage.(7)

23rd. February Monday
A Musical Festival in the Free Trade Hall began February 23, and lasted five days; after which the hall was closed previous to being pulled down to make room for the new Free Trade Hall.(7)

26th. February Thursday
A public meeting was held in the Town Hall, February 26, to take into consideration the relief of the sufferers by the Holmfirth catastrophe. A subscription was commenced at this meeting.(7)

2nd. March Tuesday
In consequence of fears that the Conservative Government would resort to Protectionist measures, a meeting of the Council of the Anti-Corn-Law League was held in Newall's Buildings, March 2. Mr. G. Wilson was in the chair, and the subscriptions promised amounted to £27,520.(7)

2nd. March Tuesday
A meeting of the Council of the League was held in Newall's Buildings, March 2. Mr. George Wilson presided, and it was resolved to reconstitute the Anti-Corn-Law League, under the rules and regulations by which that body was formerly organised, and £27,700 was subscribed, within half-an-hour, by the meeting towards carrying out the objects of the revived league. Among the speakers were Messrs. R. Cobden, M.P., T. Milner Gibson, M.P., James Heywood, M.P., Alderman Harvey, John Bright, M.P., Henry Ashworth, and James Kershaw, M.P.(7)

13th. April Tuesday
A great fire occurred at Messrs. Cooper Brothers, patent candle manufacturers, Hatton's Court, Chapel Street, Salford, April 13.(7)

26th. April Monday
Mr. Thomas Ingham died, April 26, aged 50 years. He was the son of a Wesleyan minister, and was educated at the Edinburgh University, and owing to his scanty means passed three of the vacations as surgeon to a whaling vessel. He settled in practice at North Shields, but lost the modest fortune he had amassed, and with broken health came to Manchester as the resident medical officer of the Fever Hospital. He had been three years resident at the time of his death. He is buried at Ardwick Cemetery.(7)

8th. May Saturday
The Peel statue, in Peel Park, Salford, was inaugurated May 8.(7)

20th. May Thursday
A public meeting was held in the Corn Exchange, May 20, and adopted a memorial to the Queen for the periodical inspection of nunneries.(7)

29th. May Saturday
St. Paul's Church, Kersal, consecrated by Bishop Lee, May 29. E. H. Shellard was the architect, and the cost of erection £5,000.(7)

3rd. June Thursday
Signor Giuseppe Lunardini, an aeronaut, was killed during an ascent from Belle Vue Gardens, June 3.(7)

7th. June Monday
Mr. John Knowles allowed the gratuitous use of the Theatre Royal for six nights' performances, and having paid all expenses, the gross receipts were given to the local charities. A committee was formed, and this Dramatic Festival commenced on June 7. Among the performers, who gave their services gratuitously, were Miss Helen Faucit and Mr. and Mrs. Charles Dillon. The total receipts were £970.(7)

16th. June Wednesday
At the meeting of the Manchester Town Council, held on June 16, the following letter was read from Mr. A. Megson: "103, Market Street, Manchester, May 11th, 1852. Worshipful Sir,-I am instructed by Mr. Watts, of London, to communicate his desire to present to the town of Manchester a large picture entitled 'The Good Samaritan,' which he exhibited, a short time ago, at the Royal Exhibition, in London, and respectfully dedicated to Mr. Thomas Wright, the prison philanthropist, of Manchester. Mr. Watts does not wish it to be accepted as a work of art, but as a testimony of his high esteem for the exemplary and praiseworthy character of that humble individual.-I remain, worshipful sir, your most obedient servant, Albert Megson."(7)

19th. June Saturday
Lady Potter, widow of Sir Thomas Potter, died June 19. She was the daughter of Mr. Thomas Bayley, of Booth Hall, and was born March 1, 1777.(7)

21st. June Monday
The town and neighbourhood were visited by a severe thunderstorm, June 21.(7)

24th. June Thursday
Mr. Cyrus Armitage died at his house, in Ormond Street, on June 24, aged 71. He was born at Failsworth, and was a cotton manufacturer in Dukinfield. He wrote Some Account of the Family of the Armitages, from 1662 to the present time, London, 1850; and also the hymn commencing "When sickness, sorrow, grief, and care." (Christian Reformer, 1852, p. 515.) Mrs. Cyrus Armitage died April 14, aged 72. Their son, Cyrus Armitage, junior, late of Ceylon, died at his father's house, on December 14, aged 31.(7)

6th. July Tuesday
Mr. Thomas Wilson died July 6. He was the son of Michael Wilson (see under date February 27, 1840), and was educated at Chetham College. He was apprenticed to a firm of smallware manufacturers. In 1828 he went into partnership with his brother William, as manufacturers of hat trimmings. The firm failed in 1842, but eventually paid a good dividend. He was the most able and prolific song writer of his family. (Harland's Songs of the Wilsons.)(7)

8th. July Thursday
Mr. John Bright and the Right Hon. Thomas Milner Gibson were elected as members of Parliament for Manchester; and Mr. Joseph Brotherton was elected member for Salford. July 8.(7)

22nd. July Thursday
A Vegetarian banquet was held in the Salford Town Hall, July 22. Mr. James Simpson presided.(7)

10th. August Tuesday
Four men were killed in Ridgeway Street, Bradford Road, during a terrific thunderstorm, August 10.(7)

10th. August Tuesday
Richard Davies died August 10, aged 56. He is buried at Harpurhey Cemetery. His fight with Young Dutch Sam in 1827 made him famous, though he was defeated. In his later years he kept the Coach and Horses in Todd Street, where Brassey, the pugilist, died suddenly in 1845.(7)

14th. August Saturday
At the poll for the establishment of a Free Library, taken August 14, the adoption of the Act was sanctioned. Only forty adverse votes were cast.(7)

31st. August Tuesday
A grand banquet was held at the Athenĉum, in aid of the Guild of Literature and Art, August 31. Sir E. B. Lytton, Messrs. Charles Dickens, Charles Knight, and James Crossley were amongst the speakers.(7)

14th. September Tuesday
A marble statue of the late Mr. Thomas Fleming was erected in the Cathedral, to commemorate his long and valuable services in promoting the improvement and prosperity of the town. September 14.(7)

28th. September Monday
At a meeting held in the Town Hall, September 28, a resolution was adopted to erect a statue of the Duke of Wellington in Manchester.(7)

September
The medals awarded at the Great Exhibition to the Manchester exhibitors were distributed. September.(7)

September
The Manchester Public Free Library, Campfield, opened. This library was established by public subscription in the third year of the mayoralty of Mr. John Potter, who was the most active person in its formation. The building, originally known as the Hall of Science, was built by the working classes at an outlay of more than £5,000, but was purchased with freehold for its present use for the sum of £2,147, which, with an additional outlay of £4,816 6s. 2d. for repairs, alterations, and furnishing, made a total of £6,963 6s. 2d. The number of volumes in the reference department at the time of opening was 16,013, and in the lending department 5,300, making a total of 21,300 in the library. Mr. Edward Edwards, of the British Museum, was appointed librarian.(7)

5th. October Tuesday
A meeting of the friends of the Irish Church Missions to the Roman Catholics was held in the Corn Exchange, October 5.(7)

21st. October Thursday
The twelfth annual meeting of the Manchester and Salford Protestant and Reformation Society was held in the Free Trade Hall, October 21.(7)

2nd. November Tuesday
A grand banquet of the Free Traders and Reformers was held in the Free Trade Hall, November 2.(7)

9th. November Tuesday
A severe shock of earthquake was felt in Manchester and then neighbourhood, November 9.(7)

18th. November Thursday
Mr. John Easby died November 18, aged 40. He was a frequent contributor to periodicals, and had in his time played many parts as journalist, actor, and local preacher. Some details of his career are given in his Scenes from the Life of a Green-Coated Schoolboy, 1851. (Procter's Manchester Streets, p. 224.) He is buried at Ardwick Cemetery.(7)

19th. November Friday
Sir Thomas Joseph de Trafford, first Baronet, died November 10. He was buried at the Manchester Cathedral, November 19, and succeeded by his son Sir Humphrey de Trafford.(7)

9th. December Thursday
Rev. George Benjamin Sandford, M.A., died at Southport, December 9. He was born at Manchester, January 19, 1811, being the youngest son of William Sandford. (See under date 1821.) After attending the Grammar School he went to Brasenose College, Oxford, where he graduated B.A. on May 9, 1833, and M.A. on March 10, 1836. Mr. Sandford was Hulmeian Exhibitioner in 1832, and in 1835 became curate to Rev. T. Blackburne, successively Vicar of Eccles and Prestwich. In 1840 he was presented to the perpetual curacy of Church Minshull, Cheshire. Mr. Sandford was author of a number of religious works, and also of a history of his parish of Church Minshull, which is a model of what a country parson could do towards a complete history of places and families. Mr. Sandford married Felicia, daughter of the Rev. J. Smith, D.D. One son, a clergyman, survived him.(7)

10th. December Friday
New bye-laws for the regulation of hackney carriages within the borough of Manchester came into operation, December 10.(7)

1852
New omnibuses were introduced, which were larger and more commodious than those previously in use. They were without doors, and were drawn by three horses abreast.(7)

1852
A conference, to consider the re-organisation of the Chartist body, sat for five days at Manchester, which was represented by William Grocott and E. Clark Cropper.(7)

1852
Richard Baines, author of Budget of Comicalities, died about 1852. (Procter's Manchester Streets.)(7)