1856       

14th. January Monday
Mr. James Heywood, M.P., F.R.S., delivered a lecture in the Athenĉum, on "Administrative and Academic Reform." January 14.(7)

17th. January Thursday
A public meeting held in the Town Hall to promote the Nightingale Fund, January 17.(7)

January
The first number of Photographic Illustrations, by Members of the Manchester Photographic Society, was published by George Simms in January.(7)

27th. February Wednesday
A public meeting to oppose the Government Police Bill was held in the Salford Town Hall, February 27, convened by the mayor, Mr. S. Heelis, who presided. A petition against the Bill was adopted.(7)

22nd. March Saturday
Mr. Nathaniel Card died at Manchester, March 22. He was born at Dublin in 1805, and was a member of the Society of Friends. When the cholera was raging in his native city, in 1831-2, he visited and relieved the afflicted at the peril of his own life. He settled in Manchester, where he was highly esteemed, and represented Cheetham Ward in the city Council from November, 1854, until his death. Having heard an address in which Dr. F. R. Lees spoke of the success of the prohibitory liquor law in Maine, he determined to attempt to organise a movement for the same purpose in England. From this arose the "United Kingdom Alliance for the Total and Immediate Suppression of the Liquor Traffic." (See under date June 1, 1853.)(7)

28th. March Friday
The first game of chess by telegraph in England was played between the Chess Clubs of Liverpool and Manchester, March 28.(7)

17th. April Thursday
Mr. John Armitage died at his residence in Manchester on April 17, aged 48. He was the son of Mr. Cyrus Armitage, and was born at Failsworth, September 27, 1807, and shortly after he came of age he accepted an engagement under Messrs. Philips, Wood, & Co., and was sent by them to their branch establishment in Rio Janeiro. While here he wrote a History of Brazil from 1808 to 1831, which was published in two volumes. He returned to England, and in 1836 proceeded to Ceylon, where he was a merchant, and member of the Legislative Council. The climate of Ceylon had, however, injured his health, and on August 30, 1855, he sailed for England. Before he left Ceylon he was presented with an address and a testimonial of silver plate. On his return he established himself in Manchester, and was interred at Dukinfield Old Chapel. (Christian Reformer, 1856, p.317.)(7)

21st. April Monday
Canon Stowell lectured in the Corn Exchange before the members of the Manchester and Salford Reformation Society, on the Maynooth Grant, April 21.(7)

12th. May Monday
The annual Whitsuntide procession of the children of the Church of England Sunday Schools, May 12. The number in the procession was 11,749.(7)

20th. May Tuesday
A meeting of the subscribers to the guarantee fund for the Exhibition of 1857 was held in the Town Hall, May 20.(7)

29th. May Thursday
There were great rejoicings and demonstration in consequence of peace being proclaimed between England and Russia, May 29.(7)

30th. May Friday
William Entwlsle, M.P., died May 30. He was born at Rusholme, February 3, 1809. He was the author of pamphlets on education, March, 1851-3.(7)

4th. June Wednesday
Mr. Richard Gardner, M.P., died June 4. He was born at Manchester in 1814. He was educated at the Manchester Grammar School, and was M.P. for Leicester from 1847 until his death. (School Register, iii. 198.)(7)

27th. June Friday
A meeting was held in the Town Hall, June 27, for the purpose of opening a subscription list for the relief of the sufferers by the recent floods in France.(7)

29th. June Sunday
Bands of music were placed in the public parks of Manchester and Salford to play for the recreation of the people on Sundays. The opposition on the part of the Sabbatarian public was so strongly expressed that the experiment was soon abandoned. June 29.(7)

7th. July Monday
Mr. William Lockett died at Lytham, July 7, in his 79th year. He was the first mayor of Salford.(7)

26th. July Saturday
St. Thomas's Church, Paddington, Salford, was consecrated by Bishop Lee, July 26. Mr. E. H. Shellard was the architect, and the cost of the erection was £5,000.(7)

7th. August Thursday
General Gabriel Gordon died at Higher Ardwick Lodge, Manchester, August 7, aged 93 years. He entered the army as ensign in 1781, became lieutenant-colonel in 1802, major-general in 1814, lieutenant-general in 1830, and general in 1846. (Hardwicke's Biography, 1856, p. 162.)(7)

13th. August Wednesday
The formal ceremony of laying the base for the first pillar of the building for the Art Treasures Exhibition at Old Trafford was performed by Mr. Thomas Fairbairn, August 13.(7)

30th. August Saturday
The statue of the Duke of Wellington, in front of the Infirmary, was inaugurated, August 30.(7)

9th. September Tuesday
The Exhibition of Art Manufactures at the new building of the Mechanics' Institution, David Street, was opened, September 9.(7)

24th. September Wednesday
The spire of the Independent Chapel in Bury New Road, Broughton, fell, doing damage to the amount of £1,000, September 24.(7)

8th. October Wednesday
The new Free Trade Hall was inaugurated October 8. Mr. George Wilson presided. The cost of the building was £40,000.(7)

10th. October Friday
St. Mary's Hospital, in Quay Street, was formally opened by the Countess of Wilton, who presided. October 10.(7)

31st. October Friday
An accident occurred at the Exhibition building, Old Trafford, by which one man was killed and several were seriously injured, October 31.(7)

20th. November Thursday
A meeting in favour of the abolition of capital punishment was held in the Free Trade Hall. November 20.(7)

25th. December Thursday
Rev. David Howarth died, December 25th, aged 67. He was the successor of Mr. Hindmarsh as minister of the Swedenborgian Temple, Bolton Street, Salford. (Hindmarsh's Rise, p. 420.)(7)

December
Rev. William Stewart, M.A., died at Hale, December, aged 72. He was born at Manchester, and was perpetual curate of Hale, near Childwall. He was the author of Memorials of Hale (pamphlet), Liverpool, 1848. (Procter's Manchester Streets, p. 129.)(7)

1856
Baths and washhouses were opened in Greengate, Salford.(7)

1856
Public washhouses and baths were opened in Miller Street.(7)

1856
Manchester Lectures delivered before the Young Men's Christian Association. (London, J. F. Shaw; Manchester, Durham.) This volume contains lectures by Rev. J. Baldwin Brown, Rev. J. B. Owen, Canon Stowell, Rev. Luke Wiseman, A. J. Scott, Rev. W. Arnot, Rev. Berkeley Addison, and Rev. Alexander Thomson.(7)