1857       

7th. January Wednesday
Mr. Joseph Brotherton, M.P., died suddenly, January 7, whilst in an omnibus on his way from Pendleton to Manchester. He was born May 22, 1783, at Whittington, near Chesterfield, but his father removed to Manchester in 1789 and became a successful cotton spinner. The son became a partner, but retired, in 1819, in order to devote himself to public work. He was an advocate for factory legislation, for Parliamentary reform, and for Free Trade. He belonged to the Bible Christian Church, whose members abstain from intoxicants and animal food. He was one of the committee who helped the sufferers from the Peterloo massacre. It was largely owing to his influence that Salford was enfranchised, and he was elected its first representative, and held that position until his death. In Parliament he had great influence, and as chairman of the Private Bills Committee was remarkable for the steady integrity and ability of his course. He was minister of the Bible Christian Church and conducted the services there on the last Sunday of his life. He was buried at the Salford Cemetery, January 14, and the public funeral testified to the universal respect in which he was held. There is a bust of him in the Manchester Town Hall, and a bronze statue by Mr. Matthew Noble in Peel Park, Salford. On the pedestal are the words which have been called Brotherton's motto: "My riches consist not in the extent of my possessions but in the fewness of my wants."(7)

25th. January Sunday
Mr. William Harper died, Jan. 25, He was born in Manchester in 1806, and was author of The Genius and other poems, 1840; Cain and Abel, 1844; and Memoir of Benjamin Braidley. Mr. Harper was closely identified with Bennett Street School.(7)

2nd. February Monday
Mr. E. R. Langworthy was elected without contest M.P. for Salford, in place of the late Mr. Brotherton, February 2.(7)

25th. February Wednesday
A public meeting in favour of the ballot was held in the Free Trade Hall, February 25.(7)

18th. February Wednesday
Francis Egerton, Earl of Ellesmere, died at his town residence, Bridgewater House, London, February 18. He was buried at Worsley, February 26.(7)

2nd. Monday & 28th. Saturday March
The general election was one of unusual interest and bitterness, and resulted in the general defeat of the "Manchester School." The Salford election was held on March 2, when Mr. W. N. Massey defeated Sir E. Armitage. The Manchester poll was on the 28th, and resulted in the rejection of Mr. John Bright and his colleague, Mr. Milner Gibson, and the election of Sir John Potter and Mr. J. Aspinall Turner. The figures were: Manchester - Potter, 8,368; Turner, 7,854; Gibson, 5,588; Bright, 5,458. Salford - Massey, 1,880; Armitage, 1,264. The defeat of Mr. Bright was regarded with deep regret by men of all parties in the country.(7)

5th. May Tuesday
The great event of the year was the Exhibition of the Art Treasures of the United Kingdom, at Old Trafford, which demonstrated the wealth of the British artistic possessions. The Exhibition was opened by Prince Albert, May 5. The Queen, the Prince Consort, the Prince of Wales and Prince Alfred, the Princess Royal and Princess Alice, and the Prince Frederick William of Prussia, arrived at Patricroft, and drove to Worsley Hall, the residence of the Earl of Ellesmere, June 29, and on the following day visited the Exhibition. Visitors from all parts of the world came to see the art treasures. Prince Napoleon and suite arrived in Manchester and paid a visit to the Exhibition, July 13. Nathaniel Hawthorne was there one day and saw Tennyson strolling through, but did not speak, as they, like the heroes of Gilbert's ballad of "Etiquette," "had not been introduced." The Exhibition closed October 17. It had been open one hundred and forty-two days, of which two, the opening day and that of the public visit of Her Majesty the Queen, were reserved for the holders of two-guinea season tickets. The total number of paying visitors during the season was 1,053,538; of ticket-holders, 283,177; making a total of 1,336,713. The receipts were £110,588 9s. 8d., being £304 14s. 4d. over the expenditure. The Exhibition gave rise to an extensive literature, of which the most important were the Companions, edited by Tom Taylor; Waring's Examples, a sumptuous folio; Burger's Trésors d'Art; and The Art Treasures Examiner. A tolerably complete collection of the books relating to the Exhibition, including several in the Lancashire dialect, will be found in the Manchester Free Reference Library.(7)

6th. May Wednesday
Prince Albert visited Peel Park, May 6, and there inaugurated Noble's statue of Queen Victoria.(7)

10th. May Sunday
Mr. John Moore, F.L.S., died at Hulme, May 10. He was 83 years old, and had been president of the Royal Manchester Institution, of the Natural History Society, and of the Literary and Philosophical Society, to whose Memoirs he contributed a biography of Edward Hobson. There is a brief account of his investigations as to the potato disease in Smith's Centenary.(7)

17th. June Wednesday
The members of the Manchester Entomological Society held their first meeting at Mr. Rickett's Temperance Hotel, Great Bridgewater Street, June 17.(7)

June
Mr. Thomas Bellot, M.R.C.S., died, June. He was born at Manchester in 1807, and was an accomplished Chinese and Oriental scholar. He wrote Sanskrit Derivation of English Words, 1856, &c. (Dictionary of National Biography.)(7)

4th. July Saturday
Mr. William Bradley died July 4. He was born at Manchester, January 16, 1801, and was left an orphan at the age of three. At sixteen he advertised himself as a "portrait, miniature, and animal painter," and executed portraits at one shilling a piece. Mather Brown, then living in Manchester, gave him some lessons, and he developed remarkable powers as a portrait painter. He went to London, when about twenty-one, and painted the portraits of Macready, Gladstone, and many other public men. He returned to Manchester in 1847, in broken health, and died there in poverty ten years later. (City News Notes and Queries, vol. i.)(7)

6th. August Thursday
The Manchester and Salford Reformatory, situated in Blackley, was opened August 6.(7)

10th. August Monday
20 and 21 Victoria. Act to make better provision for the burial of the dead in the city of Manchester, and for enabling the Corporation to purchase certain lands and effect certain improvements in that city. August 10.(7)

10th. August Monday
20 and 21 Victoria, cap. 132. Act to give further powers to the mayor, aldermen, and burgesses of the borough of Salford with respect to burial purposes, and to authorise arrangements with respect to lands in and near Marborough Square, in Salford August 10.(7)

13th. August Thursday
Considerable damage was done to property by the rivers Irwell and Medlock overflowing, in consequence of the heavy rains, August 13 and 14.(7)

August
The annual meeting of the Chess Association was held in Manchester, August. The Report of this famous gathering is now scarce. (Katalog der Schach -Bibliothek der Herr R. Franz, 1885.)(7)

1st. September Tuesday
The Salford Borough Cemetery, New Barnes, Eccles New Road, was opened September 1. Its area is about 21 acres, apportioned as follows: Church of England and Dissenters, 81/2 acres each; Roman Catholics, 4 acres. The members of the Church of England, the Dissenters, and the Roman Catholics have each a mortuary chapel.(7)

1st. September Tuesday
Mr. John B. Gough lectured on total abstinence in the Free Trade Hall, September 1. His lecture was afterwards printed.(7)

5th. September Saturday
Mr. Joshua Radford, secretary to the Royal Infirmary, died September 5.(7)

9th. September Wednesday
Dr. David Livingstone visited Manchester, September 9. The great African traveller was received by the Chamber of Commerce at the Town Hall in the morning, and a welcome was also given to him in Grosvenor Street Chapel in the evening.(7)

7th. October Wednesday
Collections were made at the various churches and chapels in aid of the Indian Relief Fund on October 7, the day appointed as a day of fasting and humiliation.(7)

7th. October Wednesday
Mr. Charles Hulbert died near Shrewsbury, Oct. 7. He was a native of Manchester, and was born 18th Feb., 1778. He was printer, publisher, editor, and author. He wrote History of Shrewsbury, 1837; Cheshire Antiquities, 1838; Memoirs of Seventy Years of an Eventful Life, 1852, and a great number of other works, chiefly compilations. (Obituary, by his son, 1867.)(7)

9th. December Wednesday
Mr. John Taylor died at Liverpool, Dec. 9. He was born at Paisley, but lived at Manchester and Liverpool the greater part of his life, He was the author of a translation of Ovid's Fasti, 8vo, 1839; and of Claudian Sketches (poems). He was also an art critic. (Manchester School Register, vol. ii., p. 180.)(7)

10th. December Thursday
A robbery of bank-notes of the amount of £3,160 took place in the Corn Exchange, December 10. A foreigner, who gave the name of Browness, was taken into custody the same day The whole of the stolen notes were found upon him.(7)

13th. December Sunday
The Siamese Ambassadors visited the city, December 13.(7)

24th. December Thursday
Mr. Archibald Prentice died December 24, at Park View, Plymouth Grove, aged 65. He was the son of a Scotch farmer, and, in 1815, settled in Manchester, where he took an active part in public affairs, and was one of the advanced Liberals. He started the Manchester Times, which, by amalgamation with another paper, became the Manchester Examiner and Times. He wrote Historical Sketches of Manchester, 1851; History of the Anti-Corn Law League, 1853, and other works.(7)