1859       

7th. January Friday
The cotton waste warehouse of Mr. Perry, situate in Blossom Street, Great Ancoats Street, was destroyed by fire, January 7.(7)

11th. January Tuesday
A fire took place in the shop of Mr. Owen, toy dealer, Oldham Street, January 11. The damage was between £3,000 and £4,000.(7)

12th. January Wednesday
A testimonial, consisting of an elegant silver centrepiece, was presented to Mr. Thomas Bazley, M.P., by the members of the Chamber of Commerce, January 12.(7)

1st. February Tuesday
A man named Robinson, the keeper of a beerhouse in Albert Street, murdered his wife, then attempted to set the house on fire, and finally hanged himself, February 1.(7)

1st. February Tuesday
A conference of Reformers favourable to the general principles of Mr. Bright's Representation of the People Bill, was held in the Free Trade Hall February 1.(7)

27th. February Sunday
Mr. Thomas Kibble Hervey died at Kentish Town, Feb. 27. He was the son of Mr. James Hervey, of Oldham Street, and was born in Paisley about 1802. He was a popular poet, and editor of the Athenĉum. His best known piece is the "Convict Ship." There is a memoir prefixed to an edition of his poems published at Boston, U.S., 1866.(7)

4th. March Friday
Mr. James A. Turner, M.P., was entertained at a public dinner in the Free Trade Hall, March 4.(7)

17th. March Friday
A public meeting, convened by the Mayor, of the Reformers of Lancashire, was held in the Town Hall, March 17.(7)

22nd. April Friday
A meeting of Temperance Reformers, held under the auspices of the Manchester and Salford Temperance Advocates Society, in the Corn Exchange, on Good Friday, April 22, for the presentation of an address to Dr. Frederic Richard Lees. This was an expression of sympathy at a time when there was much controversy between various sections of Temperance Reformers -(Winskill's Temperance Reformation, p 324)(7)

24th. April Sunday
Rev. William Turner died at Manchester, April 24, aged 97. He was author of an Essay on Crimes and Punishments read to the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, 1784. For fifty-nine years he was pastor of the Hanover Square Unitarian Chapel, Newcastle-on-Tyne.(7)

30th. April Saturday
The poll for the election of members of Parliament for the boroughs of Manchester and Salford was taken April 30. Mr. Thomas Bazley and Mr. James Aspinall Turner were returned for Manchester, and Mr. William Nathaniel Massey for Salford. The figures were: Manchester-Bazley, 7,545; Turner, 7,300; Heywood, 5,499; Denman, 5,235. Salford-Massey, 1,919; Ashworth, 1,787. April 30.(7)

13th. June Monday
The annual Whitsuntide procession of the scholars of the Church of England Sunday Schools took place June 13. The number of scholars who took part in the procession was 12,212.(7)

25th. June Saturday
The foundation stone of St. Peter's Church, Oldham Road, was laid by Mr. John Keymer, June 25.(7)

21st. July Thursday
The Act 22 and 23 Victoria, cap. 19, to enable the Mayor, Aldermen, and Burgesses of the Borough of Salford to raise a further sum of money for improving their gasworks and for other purposes July 21.(7)

26th. July Tuesday
Two boys and a man were drowned in a pit at Moss Side, July 26. The boys were bathing in the pit, when they sank in the mud, and the man in attempting to save them sank along with them.(7)

6th. August Saturday
The factory operatives of Manchester presented to the Countess of Shaftesbury a marble bust of her husband. August 6.(7)

12th. August Friday
The first corps of Volunteers was formed in June, and having been accepted by Government, became the 6th Lancashire Regiment. August 12.(7)

3rd. September Saturday
Mr. James Simpson, J.P., of Foxhill, died September 3. He was born at Clitheroe July 9, 1812, and in 1843 married Miss Hannah Harvey, the daughter of Alderman Harvey, of Salford. He was a zealous Reformer, interested himself in the work of the Anti-Corn-Law League, the Temperance movement, and was the founder of the Vegetarian Society. (Winskill's Temperance Reformation, p. 315.)(7)

5th. September Monday
Mr. Richard Renshaw died at Iowa Falls, U.S.A., September 5. He was born at Manchester 1769, and was the author of a Voyage to Cape of Good Hope, 1804. There is a portrait of the author prefixed to this work.(7)

14th. September Wednesday
Rev. Cort Huthersal, M.A., died at Leamington, September 14. He was born at Manchester, and was the author of Synopsis of the Various Administrations for the Government of England, 1706-1742. (Manchester School Register, vol. iii., p. 44.)(7)

18th. September Sunday
Mr. John Ashton Nicholls, F.R.A.S., died September 18. He was the only son of Alderman Benjamin Nicholls, and was born at Chorlton-on-Medlock, March 25, 1823. He took an active interest in science and philanthropy, and his early death was felt to be a great loss to the community. There is an obelisk to his memory in Great Ancoats Street. A Selection of Letters written by him was edited by his mother and printed in 1862. There is a notice of him in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astron. Society, xx. 131. A Funeral Sermon and Memoir, by Rev. W. Gaskell, appeared shortly after his death.(7)

4th. October Tuesday
The members of the Cotton Supply Association and their friends assembled in the Town Hall to meet the Right Hon. James Wilson, previous to his departure for India, and to discuss matters connected with the trade of India, October 4.(7)

12th. October Wednesday
Mr. Robert Stephenson, the eminent engineer, died October 12, aged 56. In 1827 he was engaged in the first line of railway from Manchester to Liverpool.(7)

15th. October Saturday
Mr. John Bolton Rogerson died in the Isle of Man, October 15th. He was born at Manchester, January 20, 1809, and was for many years a leading spirit in the literary coteries of the city. He wrote Rhyme, Romance, and Reverie, 1840; A Voice from the Town, 1842; Musings in Many Moods, 1859, and other poetical works. There is a portrait of him in Procter's Literary Reminiscences.(7)

1st. November Tuesday
The Right Hon, B. Disraeli, M.P., distributed the prizes to the successful competitors of the evening class examinations of the Union of Lancashire and Cheshire at the Mechanics' Institution, at the Free Trade Hall, November 1.(7)

5th. November Saturday
The Bishop of Manchester consecrated the Church of St. Catherine, Collyhurst Road. It provided 876 sittings. November 5th.(7)

14th. November Monday
Mr. George Wilfred Anthony died at Manchester, November 14, aged 49 years. He was a native of Manchester, and had more than a local reputation as an art critic. He was one of Liverseege's executors, and himself an artist of talent. He wrote chiefly under the pseudonym of "Gabriel Tinto." (Procter's Lit. Rem., p. 68.)(7)

18th. November Friday
Mr. Frank Stone, A.R.A., died in London, November 18. He was born in Manchester, August 26, 1800, and acquired distinction as a painter of historical and domestic subjects, and in portraiture.(7)

21st. November Monday
A great meeting was held in the Free Trade Hall, November 21, to take steps for raising money to equip and arm Volunteer Riflemen. The subscriptions for that purpose amounted to £3,190.(7)

8th. December Thursday
Mr. Thomas de Quincey died at Edinburgh, December 8, 1859. He was born August 5th, 1785. There has been some doubt as to his birthplace; but it may now be regarded as settled that it was not Greenheys, but Princess Street, in the house since known as the Prince's Tavern. (Mr. John Evans in Papers of the Manchester Literary Club, vol. v., pp. 244-5; Palatine Note-Book, vol. 1., p. 49.) This remarkable man was doubtless the most distinguished of the natives of Manchester who have entered upon the thorny path of literature. Of his early years he has left an account of singular interest in the Confessions of an English Opium Eater, and in the Autobiographic Sketches. His father was Thomas Quincey, a Manchester merchant, who died when his son was only five years old. De Quincey was educated at Bath and Manchester Grammar Schools. He ran away from school, and, later, he ran away from college, and his devotion to literature went hand in hand with the opium habit, from which, however, he made several temporary escapes. He contributed to the London Magazine and various other periodical publications, and was probably the most brilliant magazine writer of the century. The papers which have been selected extend to sixteen volumes, and there are others which have not been collected. He married, in 1816, Margaret Simpson, the daughter of a Westmoreland farmer. His wife died in 1837, and his later years were tenderly cared for by his daughters. His fame must rest chiefly upon the Opium Eater, of which there have been many editions. The fire, subtlety, and pathos of the work give it a charm to be felt if not described. There is a notice of his life in Espinasse's Lancashire Worthies, and a separate biography has been published by Dr. A. H. Japp. A characteristic sketch of his manner, but with some exaggeration, is given in Burton's Book-Hunter, where he figures as "Thomas Papaverus." He is buried in the Greyfriars Church at Edinburgh. There are several engraved portraits of him.(7)

1859
Rev. James Panton Ham resigned the co-pastorate of Cross Street Chapel, to which he was appointed October 8, 1855, to become the minister of Essex Street Chapel, London. During his stay in Manchester he preached a sermon on the Sabbath Controversy, which was printed. There is a portrait of him in Sir Thomas Baker's Memorials.(7)

1859
The Manchester and Salford Equitable Co-operative Society was founded by a band of young men known as the "Roby Brotherhood," from their association with the Sunday School of Roby Chapel. They opened a store in Ancoats, June 4th. The progress of the society is recorded under date November 8, 1884.(7)