1860       

14th. January Saturday
St. Peter's, Oldham Road, was consecrated by Bishop Lee, January 14. Mr. J. Holden was the architect, and the cost of erection was 4,500.(7)

19th. January Thursday
The Rev. Canon Stowell delivered an address to the Manchester Rifle Volunteers, in the Free Trade Hall, January 19.(7)

2nd. February Thursday
The Hanover Mills, Buxton Street, London Road, were destroyed by fire, February 2. The premises contained 20,000 spindles and 138 carding engines. The damage was estimated at about 25,000.(7)

24th. February Friday
The Prince of Orange visited Manchester, February 24.(7)

25th. February Saturday
Rev. Joseph Clarke, M.A., died, Feb. 25, at Stretford, of which place he was the incumbent. He was born in 1811, and was the author of The Wreck of the Orion, and was one of the passengers by that ill-fated steamer.(7)

25th. March Sunday
Mr. James Braid, M.R.C.S.Edin., died in Manchester, March 25, at the age of 65. He was a native of Fifeshire, and received his education at Edinburgh University. He came to Manchester soon after beginning his career as a medical man, and became distinguished for his special skill in dealing with some dangerous and difficult diseases. In 1841 he entered into the investigation of animal magnetism, which at the time he believed to be wholly a system of collusion or illusion. His researches, however, led to the discovery of a reality in some of the phenomena, though he differed from the mesmerists as to their causes. Similar phenomena of abnormal sleep and peculiar condition of mind and body were found to be self-induced by fixedly staring on any inanimate object, the mental attention being concentrated on the act. This proved that the peculiar condition did not arise from any magnetic influence passing from the operator into the patient, as alleged by the mesmerists. Mr. Braid read a paper on his discovery to the members of the British Association, at Manchester, in 1842, and subsequently published several works on the subject. The most important of these is the treatise which he entitled Neurypnology; or, the Rationale of Nervous Sleep, considered in relation to Animal Magnetism, illustrated by numerous cases of its successful application in the relief and cure of diseases (1843). This discovery of an artificial somnambulism he appropriately designated "neuro-hypnotism," afterwards shortened to "hypnotism," a term which has come into universal use. Mr. Braid and his writings were much derided by the mesmerists and others, but his suggestion is now generally accepted, and has been taken up in France, where the system is sometimes called "Braidism," and in Germany and other countries. The curative qualities of hypnotism are, indeed, much more recognised on the Continent than in England. (Dictionary of National Biography.)(7)

3rd. April Tuesday
23 Victoria, cap. 4. Act for supplying with gas the township of Droylsden and other places adjacent thereto, in the parishes of Manchester and Ashton-under-Lyne. April 3.(7)

3rd. April Tuesday
A portion of the roofing of the Victoria Railway Station fell in, April 3, but fortunately no person was injured.(7)

12th. April Thursday
Mr. John Bright, M.P., delivered an address to a meeting of Reformers, in the Free Trade Hall, April 12.(7)

23rd. April Monday
As the result of a police raid, six keepers of betting-list houses in Thomas Street and neighbourhood were taken into custody, and a fine of 100 was imposed. April 23.(7)

8th. May Tuesday
The foundation-stone of a Greek Church, in Higher Broughton, was laid by the Rev. B. Moros, May 8.(7)

15th. May Tuesday
23 and 24 Victoria. Act for enabling the mayor, aldermen, and citizens or the city of Manchester to effect further improvements in the said city, and for other purposes. May 15.(7)

20th. May Sunday
Mr. William Butterworth Bayley died, at St. Leonard's, May 20. He was sixth son of Mr Thomas B. Bayley, F.R.S., of Hope, and was educated at Eton, Cambridge, and Fort William College. He entered the Bengal Civil Service, and in 1819 became Chief Secretary to the Government of India. In 1825 he was appointed a member of the Council, and in March, 1828, on the departure of Lord Amherst, Mr. Bayley, as senior member of the Government, became Acting-Governor-General of India, a post which he held several months, and then resumed his seat as a member of Council. He resigned his seat on the Council 11th November, 1830, and coming to England, became, in 1833, Deputy - Chairman, and in the following year Chairman, of the East India Company. He retired from public life shortly after the Mutiny. His son, Sir Stewart Colvin Bayley, K.C.S.I., has also filled various important offices in India. Apparently the only published work of Mr. W. B. Bayley is his thesis pronounced at Fort William College, in 1802.(7)

28th. May Monday
The annual Whitsuntide procession of scholars of the Church of England Sunday schools took place May 28. The number of scholars who joined in the procession was 11,033.(7)

14th. June Thursday
23 Victoria, cap. 93. Act to alter and amend the several Acts relating to the Manchester Corporation Waterworks, and for other purposes. June 14.(7)

26th. June Tuesday
Mr. Robert Barnabas Brough died at Manchester, June 26. He was born in London in 1828, but in early life was engaged as a clerk in a commercial house in Manchester, and afterwards in Liverpool, where he edited the Liverpool Lion. He became a successful writer of burlesque, and was the author of several novels and of some poems of unusual excellence. These have not been collected, but the best are given at the end of his novel of Miss Brown. A biographical notice by Mr. G. A. Sala is prefixed to his Marston Lynch.(7)

June
The first number of the Co-operator was published in June. Mr. Edward Longfield was the first editor. He was succeeded by Mr. Henry Pitman, who conducted it for nine years, when it gave place to the Co-operative News.(7)

June
The Field Naturalists' Association was formed in June.(7)

5th. July Thursday
A testimonial, consisting of a service of silver of the value of 400 guineas, was presented to Mr. Daniel Maude, police magistrate of Manchester, July 5.(7)

6th. August Monday
Mr. Charles Southwell died August 6. He was the youngest of thirty-six brothers and sisters, and came into notice as an advocate of Socialism and Freethought, for which he was at one time imprisoned at Bristol. In 1849 he was the editor of the Lancashire Beacon, which was published at the Hall of Science, Campfield. In it Southwell mentions the Christian Beacon published in Manchester, and of which he exultingly records the decease. Of his own Beacon twenty-three weekly numbers appeared, mostly undated. The last was issued December 28. There is a copy in the Manchester Reference Library. Afterwards he left England for New Zealand, where he is said to have acted as the editor of a Wesleyan newspaper. He died, however, as he had lived an Atheist (Holyoake's History of Co-operation, vol. i., pp 239, 243, 371.)(7)

6th. August Monday
23 and 24 Victoria, cap. 69. Act to enable the Ecclesiastical Commissioners for England to apply certain funds towards the repairs of the Cathedral or Collegiate Church of Manchester. August 6.(7)

15th. September Saturday
The four companies of the Salford Volunteers were presented with silver bugles by the ladies of the borough, September 15.(7)

17th. September Monday
A railway collision took place at Ordsal Lane Station, September 17, by which six persons were injured.(7)

26th. September Wednesday
The Deaf and Dumb School for Infants, at Old Trafford, was inaugurated, September 26.(7)

29th. September Saturday
St. Philip's Church, Chester Street, Hulme, was consecrated. It was erected at the cost of the Messrs. Birley, and the Rev. Robert Birley was the first rector. The architects were Messrs. Shellard and Brown. September 29.(7)

29th. September Saturday
Mr. Henry Irving made his first appearance at the Theatre Royal, September 29. The piece was The Spy, and the character that of Adolphe a young carpenter.(7)

26th. October Friday
A boiler explosion took place at the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Company's wagon shops, Miles Platting, October 26. Three persons were fatally injured.(7)

6th. November Tuesday
The Duke of Argyll visited Manchester, November 6. He distributed the prizes at the meeting of the Union of Lancashire and Cheshire Institutes.(7)

13th. November Tuesday
A meeting of the friends of voluntary education was held in the Free Trade Hall, November 13.(7)

26th. November Monday
Bartholomew Onley, the keeper of a betting-list house, in Thomas Street, was fined 100; November 26.(7)

30th. November Friday
The Empress of the French paid a visit to Manchester, November 30. She visited the principal warehouses and manufactories, and received an address from the Corporation.(7)

November
The Salford Natural History Society was formed, November.(7)

6th. December Thursday
In consequence of the heavy rains, the river Medlock overflowed its banks, December 6, causing much inconvenience and loss to property-owners.(7)

1860
The Co-operative Printing Society was formed.(7)

1860
Public baths and washhouses were opened in Leaf Street, Stretford Road, Hulme.(7)

1860
The Assembly Room, Mosley Street, was sold, and a new one built in York Street, Cheetham Hill, at a cost of 14.000.(7)

1860
The Manchester Racing Committee celebrated by a public dinner the centenary of the Kersal Moor Races. This was the centenary of the revival, for they were held at the same place from 1730 to 1745, after which they were discontinued for fifteen years.(7)