2nd. January Thursday
A fire broke out in the buildings which front Market Street and High Street, January 2, and great damage was caused.(7)

6th. January Monday
A meeting was held in the Town Hall, and a subscription commenced for raising a monument in Manchester to the memory of the late Prince Consort, January 6.(7)

Great distress prevailed among the labouring classes of Manchester and Lancashire generally, owing to the slackness of trade. January.(7)

Messrs. Kershaw and Co. commenced granting relief to their workpeople. January.(7)

14th. February Friday
A fire broke out in the tanyard of Mr. Nelson, Red Bank, February 14, which did damage estimated to be between 6,000 and 7000.(7)

19th. February Wednesday
A fire broke out on the premises of Messrs. Nichols, Morris, and Co., Piccadilly, February 19, doing damage to the amount of several thousand pounds.(7)

2nd. March Sunday
Mr. James Collier Harter died at his residence, Broughton New Hall, March 2, in his 74th year. He was for fourteen years treasurer of the Manchester Infirmary, and was also connected with most of the principal charities in the city. He was buried at St. John's, Higher Broughton, March 15.(7)

6th. March Thursday
Mr. James Rigby, of Salford, died March 6, at the age of 56, "having never tasted animal food." He was the faithful friend and secretary of Robert Owen, whose last days he soothed. He first came into notice from his exertions in behalf of the Ten Hours Bill. (See further in Holyoake's History of Co-operation, vol. 1., p. 370; Holyoake's Life and Last Days of Robert Owen, London, 1871.)(7)

25th. March Tuesday
A railway van, 16ft. long and 8ft. wide, was made in twelve hours at the Ashbury Works, Ashton Old Road, Openshaw, March 25.(7)

29th. March Saturday
St. Paul's Church, Chorlton-on-Medlock, was consecrated March 29 by Bishop Lee. Messrs. Clegg and Knowles were the architects, and the cost of erection was 4,300.(7)

15th. April Tuesday
Mr. Robert Brandt, Judge of the Manchester County Court, died at his residence in Pendleton, April 15, aged 66 years.(7)

23rd. April Wednesday
Right Hon. W. E. Gladstone, Chancellor of the Exchequer, visited the city, April 23, and distributed the prizes in the Free Trade Hall to the successful students of the Lancashire and Cheshire Union of Institutes. On the following day he addressed a meeting at the Town Hall.(7)

29th. April Tuesday
A meeting of the resident gentry was called by the Mayor (Mr. Thomas Goadsby), to consider the propriety of forming a relief committee. April 29.(7)

29th. April Tuesday
A great meeting of the unemployed operatives of this city took place in Stevenson Square, April 29. There were from 2,000 to 3,000 persons present.(7)

16th. May Friday
Mr. Evan Mellor, land agent, was murdered, at his office in St. James's Square, by William Taylor, May 16. The three children of the latter were also found dead the same day at his residence, Britannia Buildings, Strangeways.(7)

23rd. May Friday
Rev. Samuel Warren, LL.D., died at Manchester, May 23. He was a Wesleyan minister, but left that body in consequence of the Fly Leaves controversy, and afterwards became incumbent of All Souls' Church, Ancoats. He was author of Chronicles of Wesleyan Methodism, 1827; Sermons on Various Subjects, 1833; and other books and pamphlets. His son, Samuel Warren, Q.C., was the author of Ten Thousand a Year.(7)

A meeting, convened by Mr. Thomas Goadsby, mayor, to consider the propriety of adopting a scheme for granting loans to unemployed operatives. May.(7)

The Board of Guardians had some 400 or 500 men at work, in return for relief to the extent of 2s. 6d. for man and wife, and 5s. to 6s. per week for large families. May.(7)

9th. June Monday
The annual procession of the scholars of the Church of England Sunday schools took place, June 9. The number of scholars in the procession was about 9,700.(7)

8th. July Tuesday
Mohammed Said Pasha, Viceroy of Egypt, visited this city, July 8.(7)

19th. July Saturday
17,000 subscribed in five days by noblemen and members of Parliament for the Lancashire distress. The sum finally amounted to 52,000. July 19.(7)

7th. August Thursday
25 and 26 Victoria, cap. 205. Act for consolidating and amending the Acts relating to the Corporation of Salford, for extending their powers, and for other purposes. August 7.(7)

7th. September Sunday
30,000 received from Australia on account of Lancashire Relief Fund, September 7.(7)

4th. October Saturday
Mr. Alexander Henry died, October 4. He was a native of Ireland, but passed his early life in Philadelphia. At the age of 21 he came to Manchester, and was the founder of the firm of A. and S. Henry. He was M.P. in the Liberal interest for South Lancashire from December, 1847, to July, 1852. He was an ardent reformer. His son, Mr. John Snowden Henry, was afterwards Conservative M.P. for South-East Lancashire. Another son, Mr. Mitchell Henry, who was educated for the medical profession, in which he had already gained distinction, entered Parliament as a Liberal. (Baker's Memorials, p.123.)(7)

8th. October Wednesday
Captain Thomas Brown, who was for twenty-two years curator of the Natural History Museum, died October 8. He was born at Perth in 1785, and educated at the Edinburgh High School. When about twenty years old he joined the Forfar and Kineardine Militia, of which he became captain in 1811. When quartered at Manchester he edited Goldsmith's Animated Nature for Mr. Gleave. The regiment having disbanded, he invested his money in a Fifeshire flax mill, which was burned down before it was insured. He then became a professional author, and wrote numerous scientific works. In 1840 he was appointed curator of the Museum in Peter Street, and retained the position until his death.(7)

10th. October Friday
Mr. John Burton Rondeau died, in reduced circumstances, at Manchester, October 10, aged 37. He was an indefatigable collector of curious and scarce books and tracts, and wrote some bibliographical papers and communications. Most of his collection passed into the hands of Mr. James Crossley, and were dispersed at the sale of the Crossley library.(7)

23rd. October Thursday
The new Court of Record, Salford, was opened October 23.(7)

24rd. October Thursday
Mr. Richard Cobden, M.P., addressed a meeting of the members of the Manchester Chamber of Commerce, on international maritime law, October 24.(7)

Relief Committees were organised at Barton-upon-Irwell, Chorlton, and Salford. October.(7)

30th. November Sunday
A pastoral from Cardinal Wiseman, November 30, in reference to the Lancashire distress, and urging efforts for its relief, was issued.(7)

7th. December Sunday
The expenditure for eight weeks of Central Executive Committee for outdoor relief was 13,734 2s. 4d.; Relief Committee, 19,157 6s. 4d. December 7.(7)

18th. December Thursday
Rev. William Brocklehurst Stonehouse, M.A., D.C.L., died at Owston, Lincolnshire, December 18. He was born at Manchester, 1792, and was the author of History and Topography of the Isle of Axholme, 1839. (Manchester School Register, iii. 40.)(7)

19th. December Friday
The Mansion House Committee grant 55,000 for the relief of the Lancashire distress, December 19. The contributions received during the week amounted to 23,400.(7)

30th. December Tuesday
At a county meeting in Cheshire. 30,000 was received for the Lancashire distress, December 30.(7)

The Industrial Partnerships Record published. It was edited by Messrs. E. 0. Greening and Robert Bailey Walker. The title was changed to Social Economist, when Mr. G. J. Holyoake became joint editor.(7)

Rev. William Metcalfe died at Philadelphia, in the 75th year of his age. He was a native of Orton, in Westmoreland, and having adopted the faith of the Bible Christians, he became assistant in Cowherd's academy at Salford in 1811. In 1817 he emigrated to Philadelphia, where he founded the Bible Christian Church still existing there. In 1830 he converted Silvester Graham and Dr. W. Alcott. He was the editor of the Moral Reformer, the Library of Health, the Temperance Advocate, Independent Democrat, and American Vegetarian. He was a delegate to "The World's Peace Convention" in 1851, and in 1855 he became the minister of the Bible Christian Church, Salford, and had the melancholy duty of preaching the funeral sermon of his friend Brotherton. He was the author of various pamphlets. Futher particulars of his life are given in Williams's Ethics of Diet (Manchester, 1883), p. 260; Memoir of William Metcalfe, by his son (Philadelphia, 1866).(7)

Mr. Andrea Crestadoro, Ph.D., was appointed chief librarian of the Manchester Free Libraries on the resignation of Mr. R. W. Smiles, who had been appointed in 1858.(7)

A Ladies' Relief Committee was formed by Mrs. Goadsby and others.(7)

The unemployed operatives were drafted into schools, and set to teach each other.(7)

For particulars of the Cotton Famine and the relief of the distress caused by it, see under date December 4. 1865.(7)