1863       

11th. January Sunday
Mr. George Frederick Mandley died at Exmouth, January 11. He was born in London, March 19, 1809, and was intended for the legal profession. When quite a lad he attracted the notice of Cobbett and became associated with other Radicals, and the "Boy Orator" was not unknown as a speaker at Blackheath and other gatherings. His indentures were cancelled, and about 1828 he established himself as a commission merchant and shipper in Manchester. He threw himself with great ardour into political life, and was a valued ally of Mr. Brotherton in the Salford election contests. Having joined the Socialists, he drew up the rules for the management of the Hall of Science in Campfield. In 1834 he was High Chief Ranger of the Foresters, and drew up a constitution for that important friendly society. He was in correspondence with Robert Owen, Lord George Bentinck, and many well-known politicians, and it is a matter of regret that by his express directions the bulk of the letters received by him-and other MSS.-were destroyed. Mr. Bradshaw is believed to have received from him the suggestion for the first railway guide. He was an accomplished amateur actor, a theatrical critic, a lover of art, and a friend of most of the local literary men of his time. From about 1840 to 1846 he was superintendent of births, marriages, and deaths. His trade reports gave a new development and importance to that class of documents. Many of his communications to periodical literature were signed "Quintus Hortensius." It is not possible now to identify his numerous anonymous pamphlets, but Tractarianism no Novelty; Popular Phrenology, 1862; and The Herald of the Future, a periodical issued at Manchester in 1830, came from his pen.(7)

30th. January Friday
Mr. Edward Loyd died at Croydon, January 30, aged 63. He was the brother of Mr. Lewis Loyd, the banker, and presented several bronzes after the antique to the Royal Institution. His son, Mr. Lewis Loyd, was high sheriff of Surrey, 1863. (Baker's Memorials, p. 109.)(7)

9th. February Monday
The George Griswold arrived in the Mersey, from New York, with a cargo of provisions for the distressed operatives of Lancashire, February 9. The vessel was received with a royal salute.(7)

14th. February Saturday
The Bank of Manchester Limited was broken open and about 1,000 stolen, February 14.(7)

10th. March Tuesday
The foundation stone of St. Michael's Church, Lavender Street, Hulme, was laid, March 10, by Dr. Lee, Bishop of Manchester. The consecration of the church took place May 14, 1864. The district was formed in 1860, when it was placed under the care of the Rev. J. N. Pocklington. The church, rectory, and schools were built by members of the Birley family. The architect was Mr. Medland Taylor.(7)

10th. March Tuesday
There were public rejoicings in Manchester and Salford in celebration of the marriage of the Prince of Wales, March 10.(7)

30th. April Thursday
The Emigration Aid Society was established in April, and 1,000 operatives from Lancashire left for New Zealand, April 30.(7)

16th. May Saturday
Mr. Alexander Kay died May 16, at Wimbledon Park, Surrey. He was born In 1792, and was a solicitor in extensive practice, and having entered the City Council he was Mayor of Manchester in 1843-44 and 1844-45. He took an active interest in the charities of the town, and was the author of Address to the Members of the Town Council of Manchester, 1845; pamphlets on Hulme's Charity, etc., 1845-55.(7)

25th. May Monday
The annual Whitsuntide procession of the scholars of the Church of England Sunday Schools was on May 25. The number of scholars in the procession was 15,541.(7)

1st. June Monday
A meeting was held in favour of Mr. Somes's Sunday Closing Bill, June 1.(7)

3rd. June Wednesday
An anti-slavery conference was held June 3.(7)

4th. June Thursday
Rev. Henry Crewe Boutflower died at West Felton, Salop, June 4. He was born at Salford, October 25, 1796, and gained the Hulsean essay prize in 1817. He left materials for a History of Bury. (Grammar School Begister, vol. iii., p.3.)(7)

19th. June Friday
A conference of representatives of Boards of Guardians was held in Manchester, to consider the Public Works Bill, June 19.(7)

20th. June Saturday
The state of trade in Manchester was thus stated on June 20-Factory operatives working 4,242, receiving relief 9,104; joiners working 196, receiving relief 573; mechanics working 317, receiving relief 803; shopkeepers working 36, receiving relief 108; colliers working 4, receiving relief 13; agricultural and other outdoor labourers working 390, receiving relief 959; domestic servants working 200, receiving relief 95; various other trades working 1,596, receiving relief 3,523. Total 22,160. June 20.(7)

21st. June Sunday
Rev. Moncure D. Conway, B.D., gave his first public address in England at the Free Trade Hall, June 21. The Southern sympathisers caused great disturbance in the hall. He was the son of a Virginia slave owner, and having become an Abolitionist, came to this country to advocate the cause of the North. He was afterwards for a number of years minister of South Place Chapel, Finsbury.(7)

22nd. June Monday
26 and 27 Victoria. Act for enabling the mayor, aldermen, and citizens of the town of Manchester to construct new works and acquire additional lands in connection with their waterworks, to extend their limits of supply, to improve Piccadilly in Manchester, and for other purposes. June 22.(7)

26th. July Sunday
The foundation stone of the Masonic Hall, Cooper Street, was laid July 26.(7)

11th. September Friday
Mr. James H. Caldwell died September 11, aged 70. He was an actor and theatrical manager in England and America, and made his debut (as a child) at the Manchester Theatre. He settled in 1816 in America, where he died. His granddaughter, Miss Mary G. Caldwell, in 1884, gave $300,000 to found a Catholic University in America.(7)

14th. September Monday
Mr. Edward Stephens, M.D., F.R.C.S., died September 14. He was born at Manchester, 1804, and received his education at the Manchester Grammar School. He was the author of Introductory Address to the Students of the Manchester Royal School of Medicine, 1845; &c. (Lancet, November 28, 1863 Manchester School Register, vol. ill., p.. 155.)(7)

6th. October Tuesday
The shock of an earthquake was felt in Manchester, October 6.(7)

9th. October Friday
A public meeting was held in the Free Trade Hall to welcome the Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, October 9. Mr. Beecher came to England to advocate the cause of the American Union. His speeches, delivered whilst in this country, were collected and published in a volume.(7)

10th. October Saturday
A review of the Manchester Volunteers was held in Heaton Park, Oct. 10.(7)

12th. October Monday
A meeting of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts was held in the Corn Exchange, October 12. The Dean of Manchester presided, and the Bishop of Oxford, who had preached on behalf of the Society, on Sunday, at the Cathedral, was the principal speaker. A crowded meeting was held in the Free Trade Hall under the presidency of the Hon. Algernon Egerton, M.P.(7)

13th. October Tuesday
A meeting was held in the Free Trade Hall, to form an association for the abolition of capital punishment, October 13.(7)

13th. October Tuesday
The Church Congress was held in the Free Trade Hall, October 13, 14, and 15. The Bishop of Manchester was the president.(7)

1st. November Sunday
Mr. John Ashton Yates died at the Park, Prestwich, November 1. He was born at Liverpool in 1782. He was the author of On the Distresses of the Country, Liverpool, 1815; Colonial Slavery, 1827; Essays on Currency, 1827; Present Depression of Trade, 1841. (Proceedings of Literary and Philosophical Society of Liverpool, vol. xix., p. 4.)(7)

18th. November Wednesday
The Liberation Society held its annual conference, November 18, at the Free Trade Hall, under the presidency of Mr. James Sidebottom. In the evening a public meeting was held, of which Mr. Hugh Mason was chairman.(7)

20th. November Friday
Mr. James Bagot died November 20. He was a well-known street character, and generally styled "Chelsea Buns." There is a notice of him in the Manchester Guardian, May 21, 1872, and in Procter's Byegone Manchester.(7)

3rd. December Thursday
A severe gale caused great damage in Manchester, December 3.(7)

12th. December Saturday
George Victor Townley, a resident of Hendham Vale, was found guilty, at the Derby Assizes, of the murder of a young lady to whom he had been engaged to be married, but who had broken off the engagement. The murder was committed at Ingwell Grange, near Derby, December 12. He was afterwards reprieved, on the plea of insanity, and committed suicide whilst in the asylum.(7)

1863
The Council of the United Kingdom Alliance adopted the draft of a "Permissive Prohibitory Liquor Bill." (See under date March 22, 1864.)(7)

1863
The Manchester and Salford Temperance Union was formed.(7)

1863
Mr. Thomas Nicholson died at Woodhouse. He was born at Hunslet, near Leeds, in 1805, and lived the greater part of his life in Manchester. He was author of A Peal for the People, 1849; The Warehouse Boy of Manchester, 1852; The Thunderstorm, 1861; and other poems and sketches. (Procter's Memorials of Byegone Manchester, p. 208.)(7)