1869       

26th. January Tuesday
Mr. Ernest Jones, barrister-at-law, died January 26, aged 50 years. He was of aristocratic birth, and was the godson of the King of Hanover (Duke of Cumberland), but became a popular and zealous supporter and advocate of advanced Liberal opinions; and had taken a leading part in the Chartist movement. He was imprisoned in 1848, and the harshness with which he was treated led to a debate in Parliament. He was an orator unrivalled for his command of the audience, and his poetry is often of fine quality. He wrote The Wood Spirit; Corceyda; Battle-Day, &c. His finest effort is The Painter of Florence. He was interred at Ardwick Cemetery, and his remains were followed to their final resting-place by some thousands of his political friends and admirers.(7)

6th. February Saturday
St. Gabriel's Church, Hulme, was consecrated, February 6.(7)

7th. February Sunday
A great flood in the Irwell did considerable damage to property, February 7.(7)

22nd. February Monday
A fire at a paraffin oil shop in Rochdale Road, February 22, resulted in the death of Mary and Thomas Mitton-mother and son-the latter being the occupier of the house.(7)

25th. February Thursday
The Hon. Reverdy Johnson, the American Minister at the Court of St. James's, received addresses at the Town Hall from the Corporation of Manchester and from the Chamber of Commerce, February 25.(7)

February
Mr. John A. Russell, Q.C., was appointed Judge of County Court, February.(7)

15th. March Monday
The shock of an earthquake was felt in Manchester and neighbourhood, March 15. In some parts the doors and windows were slightly shaken by the vibration; a chimney was thrown down at Newchurch, and the walls were cracked at the Haslingden Railway Station.(7)

15th. March Monday
Mary, widow of the Rev. Jonathan Crowther, died at Higher Broughton, March 15, aged 95. She received her first ticket of membership in the Methodist Connexion from the hands of John Wesley in 1790. Her husband was President of the Conference in 1819. She is buried at Kersal.(7)

16th. March Tuesday
Mr. James Hervey Slack, solicitor, formerly of Manchester, was accidentally drowned in the river Dee, March 16.(7)

20th. March Saturday
Alderman Thomas Ashworth, of Salford, died suddenly, March 20. Mr. Ashworth had always taken a lively interest in the educational movements in the borough, and was instrumental in the formation of the Mechanics' Institution, Pendleton. (Baker's Memorials, page 128.)(7)

29th. March Monday
Michael James Johnson executed at the County Prison, Strangeways, for the murder of Patrick Nurney, at a beerhouse in Regent Road, Salford, March 29.(7)

March
The manor or lordship of Higher and Lower Ardwick, comprising the manorial rights of the township, held for many generations by the Birch family, and purchased in 1835 by Mr. H. Weesh Burgess, of Hampstead, was sold by him, together with the Old Manor Estate, to Alderman Bennett. March.(7)

6th. May Thursday
Mr. F. J. Headlam, the stipendiary magistrate, began his duties at the City Police Court, Bridge Street, May 6.(7)

14th. May Friday
The Stowell Memorial Church, Salford, was consecrated by Bishop Lee, May 14. Mr. J. M. Taylor was the architect, and the cost of erection was 8,000.(7)

25th. May Tuesday
The Rev. Dr. John Cumming, of London, visited Manchester, and delivered a lecture in the Free Trade Hall, on "The Signs of the Times," May 25.(7)

10th. June Thursday
The corner stone of the Gesu (Church of the Holy Name), Oxford Road, was laid by Dr. Turner, Roman Catholic Bishop of Salford, June 10.(7)

3rd. July Saturday
The Church of the Ascension, Broughton, was consecrated by Bishop Lee, July 3. Mr. J. M. Taylor was the architect, and the cost of erection was 4,850.(7)

12th. July Monday
32 and 33 Victoria, cap. 5. Act for authorising the leasing, selling, exchanging, and partitioning of estates in the parish of Manchester. July 12.(7)

12th. July Monday
32 and 33 Victoria. Act for enabling the Mayor, Aldermen, and Citizens of the City of Manchester to purchase additional lands for the purpose of their waterworks, to widen and alter Deansgate, to acquire additional lands, and to raise further moneys, and for other purposes. July 12.(7)

20th. July Tuesday
The Prince and Princess of Wales visited Manchester and Salford, July 20. They were the guests of the Earl of Ellesmere, and on their way to Manchester visited the Royal Agricultural Society's Show at Old Trafford. Addresses were presented to them by both corporations.(7)

29th. July Thursday
Mr. W. S. Rutter, solicitor, and coroner for Salford, died at his residence, Ford View, Lower Broughton, July 29, aged 77 years. Mr. Rutter filled the office of coroner for this division of the county for 37 years.(7)

1st. August Sunday
Mr. H. L. Trafford, stipendiary magistrate for the borough of Salford and the petty sessional division of Manchester, died August 1. Mr. Trafford filled the office of stipendiary magistrate for nearly 25 years.(7)

31st. August Tuesday
Mr. F. Price was elected coroner for the Salford division, August 31.(7)

20th. September Monday
Mr John Jennison died September 20, in the 80th year of his age. He was the originator and proprietor of the Belle Vue Gardens, which he began in 1836, and which have for many years been the favourite resort of not only the pleasure-seekers of Manchester and the neighbourhood but of the manufacturing districts of the surrounding counties; and, in the face of many difficulties, he worked on, by degrees enlarging and beautifying the grounds.(7)

9th. October Saturday
Mr. John Lamartine Barker died October 9. He was the son of Mr. Thomas H. Barker, secretary of the United Kingdom Alliance, and was born at Manchester in 1848. After a brilliant career at the Owens College, where he was Shuttleworth scholar, he died at the beginning of his University career. He was the author of Political Economy of the Liquor Traffic, Manchester, 1867. There is a notice of him in the Owens College Magazine for 1869.(7)

23rd. October Saturday
Edward Geoffrey Stanley, fourteenth Earl of Derby, died at Knowsley, October 23. He was born at Knowsley, March 29, 1799, and was returned M.P. for Stockbridge, and in 1826 he was returned for Preston. In the Canning and Goderich administrations he was Under Secretary for the Colonies, then he became Chief Secretary for Ireland, and on seeking re-election at Preston was defeated by Henry Hunt, but he found a seat at Windsor. After being seven years in opposition he became, in 1841, Colonial Secretary, and was summoned to the House of Lords as Baron Stanley of Bickerstaffe, in September, 1844. On Sir R. Peel proposing the repeal of the Corn Laws, Lord Stanley retired from the Cabinet, and in 1846 appeared as head of the Protectionist party. In 1851 he became Earl of Derby, and in February, 1852, he became Prime Minister. The same year he resigned, and was leader of the Opposition until February, 1858, when he formed his second administration, but resigned June 11, 1859. In 1866 he again became Premier, and with Mr. Disraeli passed the Reform Bill of 1867. In February, 1868, Lord Derby resigned his office and retired into private life. During the Cotton Famine Lord Derby was chairman of the Central Relief Committee. His translation of Homer appeared in 1867.(7)

25th. October Monday
Sir John lles Mantell, stipendiary magistrate of the Salford Hundred, took the usual oaths, and qualified as justice for the county, at the Salford Hundred Sessions, October 25.(7)

October
Mr. Robert Barnes, formerly mayor of Manchester, presented the trustees of the Royal Infirmary with the sum of 10,000. October.(7)

1st. November Monday
The Rev. Dr. Munroe, of the Scotch Presbyterian Church, Grosvenor Square, died November 1, aged 73 years. He was for thirty-seven years connected with the Grosvenor Square Scotch Church congregation.(7)

15th. November Monday
The Union Chapel, Oxford Road, opened November 15, the Rev. Alexander M'Laren minister. The building is in the Lombardo-Gothic style of architecture, and will accommodate about one thousand three hundred persons.(7)

18th. November Thursday
St. Stephen's Church, Hulme, was consecrated December 18, by Bishop Lee.(7)

11th. December Saturday
Mr. Edward Hooson died December 11, in his forty-fifth year. He was president of the Lancashire Reform League, and a well-known political leader of the working classes.(7)

12th. December Sunday
Alderman Thomas Dilworth Crewdson died at Baden, in Germany, December 12, in the sixty-sixth year of his age. Mr. Crewdson had been a member of the Manchester Board of Guardians about twenty-five years, and was for above thirty years treasurer of the City Mission. He was also a county and city magistrate. He was a man of refined culture and literary tastes, and for several years had been a member of the Rosicrucian Society.(7)

24th. December Friday
The Right Rev. James Prince Lee, D.D., first Bishop of Manchester, died at Mauldeth Hall, Burnage, December 24, aged 65 years. He was the son of Mr. Stephen Lee, secretary and librarian to the Royal Society. He was born in 1804, and received his education at St. Paul's School, and afterwards at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he obtained a Craven scholarship, and subsequently became a fellow of his college. He graduated B.A. in high honours in 1828, and took his MA. degree in 1831. At Cambridge, as in earlier youth, he greatly distinguished himself by his classical attainments; but in mathematics he was less successful, and this characteristic inequality of mental power seems to have remained with him through life. His memory for and command of language was always conspicuous, and it was to the circumstance of his being one of the best Greek scholars of his time that he owed the attainment of a fellowship of Trinity College. In 1830 he married the daughter of Mr. George Penrice, and in that year he became an assistant master at Rugby School, under the late Dr. Arnold. After spending eight years at Rugby, Dr. Lee was appointed to the head mastership of King Edward's Grammar School, at Birmingham, which he held for ten years, quitting it only on his elevation to the episcopate. In September, 1847, when the see of Manchester was created, and the Collegiate Church elevated to the rank of a cathedral, the premier selected Dr. Lee to be the first Bishop of Manchester. He was nominated to the see on October 23, 1847, elected on November 17, and the royal assent to the election followed on December 13. The election was confirmed on January 11, 1848, and on the 23rd of the same month the Bishop was consecrated at Whitehall, the officiating prelates being the Archbishop of York and the Bishops of Chester and Worcester. During his twenty-one years' occupancy of the see, the bishop was noted for the attention he paid to the business of the diocese. From the formation of the diocese down to his lordship's death nearly one hundred and thirty churches were consecrated by him, providing between eighty and ninety thousand sittings, a large proportion of which were free. The sum which had been expended in this work up to the close of 1868 amounted to 421,800, exclusive of endowments and cost of sites. During the same period of time seventeen churches had been built and consecrated in lieu of former churches, at a cost of 57,000, exclusive of the value of sites, and a large number of new district parishes and ecclesiastical districts had been formed. At the close of 1868 Dr. Lee had held sixty-three ordinations, at which he had ordained four hundred and seventy-one priests and five hundred and twenty two deacons. Dr. Lee's remains were interred at St. John's Church, Heaton Mersey, December 31. His library was bequeathed to the Owens College. Some uncharitable references, in his will, to a daughter caused a painful sensation.(7)

1869
The foundation stone of St. John the Evangelist's Church, Cheetham Hill, was laid by Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Loyd, of Tillesden, Hawkhurst, Kent. The estimated cost of site and building was 10,000.(7)