1871       

2nd. January Monday
Miss Woodiwis, daughter of Mr. Francis Woodiwis, died January 2. She is said to have increased her fortune from £100,000 to £250,000 by her penuriousness. Her father left her £100,000 about 1830. He was a currier in Fennel Street. A gentleman bought some leather from him, and, requesting to have the parcel sent to his office, laid down twopence for the person who took it. The old boy said very quietly "I'm not busy just now, so I'll take it myself," which he did, and coolly pocketed the twopence.(7)

23rd. January Monday
Mr. Christopher Temple, Q.C., judge of the Salford County Court Circuit, died January 23, aged 85.(7)

27th. January Friday
Mr. David Morris, F.G.S., died January 27, aged 51. He was a member of the Salford Town Council, and distinguished by his zealous efforts for popular education. He is buried at Ardwick Cemetery.(7)

January
Lion, the "Salford Fire Dog," died in January. He saved several lives, and was a great favourite with the firemen. In December, 1863, the members of the brigade presented him with a collar, on which was engraved-

 "When duty calls I must obey, so onward let me jog;
 For my name is Lion, the Salford firemen's dog."

 Lion attended three hundred and thirty-two fires. (City News, February 4, 1871.)(7)

3rd. February Friday
Rev. J. C. Paterson, M.A., died February 3, aged 45. He was minister of St. Andrew's Free (Presbyterian) Church, Oxford Road.(7)

4th. February Saturday
A fire at the cotton mill of Messrs. Shaw, Jardine, and Co., in Elizabeth Street, Butler Street, February 4, is estimated to have caused damage to the extent of between £50,000 and £60,000.(7)

9th. February Thursday
Mr. John Drummond Morton, secretary to the National Reform Union, died at Sale Moor, February 9. He was born at Manchester in 1830, and edited the Manchester Review, 1858, and wrote critical and political essays. He is buried at Salford Cemetery.(7)

22nd. February Wednesday
Sir Charles Shaw died February 22. Sir Charles was born in 1795, and entering the army, served in Spain and Belgium, and was at the battle of Waterloo. In 1831 he joined the liberating army of Portugal in the Azores, and commanded a regiment during the whole of the civil war in Portugal. In 1835 he was appointed Brigadier-General of the British Auxiliary Legion in Spain. In 1839 he was appointed by the Government as Chief Commissioner of Police in Manchester and Bolton, a position which he held till 1842. He was knighted in 1838, and was also a Knight Commander of the Portuguese Order of the Tower and Sword, and Knight Commander of San Fernando of Spain.(7)

February
Mr. Charles Davelin, or Davlin, died at Bolton in February. He was born at Carlisle about 1793, and was a handloom weaver. He wrote Gilbart, a poem on the evils of intemperance, published at Preston by Joseph Livesey in 1838, and The Democrat, which was dedicated to Fergus O'Connor. (Temperance Spectator, 1866; Lithgow's Life of J. C. Prince, p. 113; Papers of the Manchester Literary Club, vol. v., p. 265.)(7)

9th. March Thursday
A curious incident occurred at the Manchester Assizes, March 9. Mr. W. T. Charley, then M.P. for Salford, wrote a letter to the newspapers reflecting upon the verdict of the jury in a case tried on March 7. Mr. Justice Willes having called him into court he apologised and withdrew the letter.(7)

24th. March Friday
Mr. Thomas Agnew died March 24, at his house, Fairhope, Eccles, aged 76 years. He was born at Liverpool in 1794, and was a fellow-student of Gibson the sculptor. He came to Manchester at the age of fifteen, and entered the shop of Zanetti, the picture dealer, and in 1816 became a partner. The fame of the house of Agnew is known wherever there are British artists. He was for many years a member of the Salford Corporation, and was mayor at the time of the Queen's visit in 1851 to Peel Park and its Museum, of which he was one of the principal promoters. He was greatly interested in Sunday schools, and took an active part in the establishment of day schools, those in connection with the Bolton Street Swedenborgian Temple being the first of their kind in Salford. He was an ardent disciple of Swedenborg. A notice of his services to the art world is given in the Art Journal for 1861. (See also notice in Intellectual Repository, May 1871, vol. xviii., p. 253, and the Dawn, April 14, 1884.) There is a portrait of him in the Peel Park Museum.(7)

26th. March Sunday
A new Roman Catholic Church, dedicated to the Patronage of St. Joseph, and situated in Craven Street West, Regent Road, Salford, was opened on Sunday, March 26, by Bishop Turner. The building is in the Gothic style, and is constructed of red bricks with stone dressings. It will accommodate about one thousand persons, and cost about £1,200.(7)

29th. March Wednesday
A meeting was held, March 29, in the Mayor's Parlour, for the establishment of a "National Union for the Suppression of Intemperance," but the proposal was rejected because the ground was already occupied. (See under date December 18.) It was, however, started, and a periodical, The National Union Chronicle, founded as its organ.(7)

23rd. April Sunday
Mr. Robert Scarr Sowler, Q.C., died at Stand, near Manchester, April 23, aged 56 years. Mr. Sowler was called to the bar in 1842, was called within the bar of the County Palatine of Lancaster in 1858, and was made full Q.C. in 1866. In the same year he became one of the Masters of the Bench of the Middle Temple. Mr. Sowler was one of the counsel for the prosecution of the Fenians at the special commission held in Manchester in 1867. He was formerly very active in the political controversies of the North of England, not only as a political speaker in the Conservative cause, but as editor for many years of the Manchester Courier. He was the eldest son of Mr. Thomas Sowler, founder of that journal.(7)

3rd. May Wednesday
Mr. Joseph Cheesborough Dyer died May 3. He was born at Stonnington Point, a small town in Connecticut, November 15, 1780, and at an early age showed mechanical aptitude. He made his first visit to Manchester in 1802, but did not settle there until 1816. He was one of the founders of the North American Review. He was concerned in patents for the carding engine in 1811; the roving frame in 1825; and a great variety of other inventions. He was an ardent political reformer, and in 1830 was one of the deputation appointed to take the contributions of Manchester to the wounded in the French Revolution of July. In 1832 he established machine-works at Gamaches, Somme, which ultimately resulted in a loss of £120,000. He was one of the original promoters of the Manchester Guardian and of the Bank of Manchester. When the bank failed, Dyer estimated his loss at £96,000. In 1839 he built Mauldeth Hall, but after his great losses sold it and lived at Burnage with his two sons, Frederick N. Dyer, author of The Slave Girl, and Wilson Dyer, the artist, who died in 1867. J. C. Dyer was the friend of Fulton, and one of his contributions to the Literary and Philosophical Society is an interesting paper on the "Introduction of Steam Navigation." (Smith's Centenary, p. 298.)(7)

13th. May Saturday
Early in the year the temperance order of the Free Templars of St. John was introduced to the city. A demonstration was held May 13. Conferences were held with a view to union with the Independent Order of Good Templars. This was accomplished. (Winskill's Temperance Reformation, p. 479.)(7)

25th. May Thursday
Sir Oswald Mosley, second baronet and last lord of the manor, died May 25. He was educated at Rugby and Oxford, where he was a gentleman commoner of Brazenose College, and took the M.A. degree in 1806. He was elected M.P. for Portarlington 1806, Winchilsea 1807, Midhurst 1816. After the Reform Bill he sat for North Staffordshire, 1832-37. He wrote A Short Account of the British Church, The History of Tutbury, and Family Memoirs. He had a strong interest in natural history, and contributed some interesting papers to the Zoologist. In 1845 he sold the manorial rights to the Corporation of Manchester for the sum of £200,000. (Mosley's Family Memoirs; Axon's Lancashire Gleanings.)(7)

29th. May Monday
The number of children who took part in the annual procession of Church of England Sunday Schools was 15,609, May 29.(7)

31st. May Wednesday
The foundation stone of the new schools for St. George's Church, Chester Road, Hulme, was laid by the Bishop of Manchester, May 31. The schools accommodate upwards of one thousand children, and the cost was estimated at £4,000. Lord Egerton subscribed £1,000 towards their erection, and the Bridgewater trustees made a grant of the site upon which the schools were erected. Mr. A. Darbyshire was the architect.(7)

8th. June Thursday
The corner stone of the Manchester Abattoirs and Dead Meat Market, Water Street, was laid by the mayor, Alderman Grave, June 8.(7)

12th. June Monday
Mr. Edward Herford, coroner for Manchester, and Dr. E. J. Syson, medical officer for Salford, gave evidence, June 12, before a select committee of the House of Commons as to the nature and extent of "baby-farming" in their districts. They were both of opinion that criminal practices of the Waters type did not prevail. Subsequently Mr. Herford gave evidence as to the use of opiates in drugging children to sleep.(7)

24th. June Saturday
A destructive fire at Messrs. McConnel's mill, in Jersey Street, June 24, caused damage to the extent of £100,000, and also resulted in the death of a stoker named Hartley Braithwaite, whose hand was cut whilst assisting the firemen, and who died from exhaustion caused by loss of blood.(7)

28th. June Wednesday
The Religious Institute, Corporation Street, was opened June 28. This building was erected for the use of the Bible Society, the Religious Tract Society, and the City Mission. The cost of the site, £3,100, was raised by public subscription, whilst that of the building, £4,000, was entirely borne by Mr. John Fernley.(7)

28th. June Wednesday
The Greenheys Congregational Church formed. A building in Wood Street, erected for the services of the Church of England, was purchased by Mr. Woodward, and used for several years as a school and preaching room, under the care of Chorlton Road Church. Mr. Woodward presented the Wood Street School to trustees, together with additional land, upon which a new church was built by subscription, the foundation stone being laid by Sir James Watts, on February 26, 1870. The new church cost £4,000, and was opened for public worship on December 7, 1870, under the pastoral care of the Rev. Wm. Scott, now of Ipswich. It became a separate church by resolution of the members of Chorlton Road Church, passed on the 28th June, 1871, on the application of ninety-five members, then worshipping at the new church in Greenhill Street.(7)

29th. June Thursday
34 and 35 Victoria. Act for enabling the mayor, aldermen, and citizens of the city of Manchester to acquire additional lands, to raise further moneys, and for other purposes. June 29.(7)

13th. July Thursday
34 and 35 Victoria, cap. 110. Act to confer additional power upon the Corporation of Salford in reference to the drainage and improvement of the borough, and for other purposes. July 13.(7)

21st. July Friday
Mr. Charles F. Anthony died July 21, in his 68th year. He was the oldest professor of music in the city, and acted as musical critic for many years. He was a native of Birmingham.(7)

23rd. July Sunday
The Roman Catholic Home for Female Penitents, Victoria Park, was opened by Mr. John Grave, Mayor of Manchester, July 23. The building is of Gothic design, and the estimated cost, exclusive of furniture, was about £6,000. The Bishop of Clifton took part in the proceedings.(7)

26th. July Wednesday
The one hundred and twenty-eighth Conference of the Wesleyan Methodist Connexion was held in the Wesleyan Chapel, Oldham Street, Manchester, and began July 26. The Rev. John H. James, D.D., was elected president. At the sessions of July 29 and 31 the case of Rev. Thomas Hughes was under discussion, and he was not reappointed, but placed on the list of supernumeraries, for publishing a book in which he called in question the rule making "class membership" the basis of Methodist communion.(7)

27th. July Thursday
Dom Pedro II., Emperor of Brazil, visited Manchester, July 27.(7)

29th. July Saturday
The foundation stone of the Barnes Convalescent Home, the munificent gift of Robert Barnes, Esq., was laid July 29, by Mr. Hugh Birley, M.P., the treasurer to the Royal Infirmary. The Bishop of Manchester had prepared a special service for and officiated at the stone-laying.(7)

10th. August Thursday
Rev. Joseph Fox died at Manchester, August 10. He was born at Leeds, July 2, 1793, and was Independent minister at Bolton, 1818-26, and author of Four Sermons on Christian Duties, Bolton, 1824; Lecture on Modern Socinianism, delivered in Duke's Alley Chapel, Bolton, 1824.(7)

10th. August Thursday
The Church of St. John the Evangelist, Cheetham Hill, was consecrated by Bishop Fraser, August 10. The architects were Paley and Austin, and the cost of erection £12,000.(7)

19th. August Saturday
Mr. Henry Blacklock died at his residence, Park House, Didsbury, August 19, aged 52. Mr. Blacklock was the only surviving partner of the firm of Bradshaw and Blacklock, the publishers of Bradshaw's Railway Guide.(7)

26th. August Saturday
Mr. Stephen Heelis, solicitor, and for some time Mayor of Salford, died at his residence, Grasmere, August 26, in the 70th year of his age. Mr. Heelis was an active politician on the Conservative side, and for many years a leading member of the Salford Corporation. During the second year of his mayoralty Salford was honoured with two royal visits, on one of which occasions the honour of knighthood was offered to him, but which he declined from private considerations. He was one of the founders of the Law Association, of which he was president in 1843, and again in 1867. Various local institutions and charities had the benefit of Mr. Heelis's professional assistance, and he was a subscriber to many. He took a leading part in the formation of the Salford Volunteer Corps, to whose funds, in the early period of its existence, he liberally subscribed. In private life he was highly esteemed.(7)

2nd. September Saturday
The Co-operative News began September 2. Its first editor was Mr. Walker, afterwards the Rev. Robert Bailey Walker. He was succeeded as editor by Mr. J. C. Farn, and he in turn by Mr. S. Bamford.(7)

21st. September Thursday
Mr. William Prowting Roberts died, September 21, aged 65. He was author of The Haswell Colliery Explosion, 1844; What is a Traveller? 1855, and other pamphlets. He took an active part in politics, and was an advanced Liberal, but was perhaps best known as the Miners' Attorney-General.(7)

September
Mr. Thomas Ballantyne died at London in September. He was born at Paisley in 1806, but was for a time a resident journalist connected with the Manchester Examiner. He wrote the Corn-Law Repealer's Handbook, 1841; Essays in Mosaic, &c. He was originally a weaver.(7)

2nd. October Monday
A serious fire occurred, October 2, at the Albert Mill, Hope Street, Salford, the property of Messrs. Tysoe and Hope. The damage was estimated at £15,000.(7)

17th. October Tuesday
At the General Council Meeting of the United Kingdom Alliance, October 17, it was decided to raise a guarantee fund of £100,000, for the next five years' work.(7)

19th. October Thursday
The Reform Club, King Street, was opened with great ecl‚t October 19. There was a dinner at the clubhouse, to which 240 gentlemen sat down. A banquet was also held in the Free Trade Hall. Earl Granville presided on both occasions. There were several noblemen, M.P.'s, and local influential gentlemen present on the occasion.(7)

8th. November Wednesday
Rev. Patrick Thomson, M.A., died November 8. He was born at Lochel, near Dundee. His father was the Rev. Alexander Thomson. Patrick Thomson entered Marischal College, Aberdeen, and in his 18th year took the degree of MA. In 1830 he settled as minister of Newington Chapel, Liverpool. In 1832 he removed to Edmonton, near London, and shortly afterwards to Chatham. In 1854 he became minister of Grosvenor Street Chapel, and remained here until 1865, when he again removed this time to Bristol. He was afterwards minister at Leominster and Rochester. His publications were mostly sermons, but in 1850 he published a volume entitled The Soul: its Nature and Destinies.(7)

13th. December Wednesday
Mr. John Higson died at Lees, December 13. He was born at Gorton, July 25, 1825, and was author of the Gorton Historical Recorder, 1852, the History of Droylsden, 1859, and many topographical articles in local papers.(7)

18th. December Monday
A conference of temperance reformers was held December 18 at the Waste Dealers' Exchange, when resolutions were passed condemnatory of the "National Union for the Suppression of Intemperance."(7)

25th. December Monday
Mr. Robert Barnes died at Fallowfield, December 25. He was born in Manchester in 1800, and was intended for the bar, but instead entered into partnership with his brother Thomas as cotton spinners. Having realised a fortune, he bought Harefield, Herts, and went to reside there, but returned to Manchester, where he devoted himself to works of charity. In 1848 he was elected a member of the Corporation, and in 1851 was mayor. He retired from the City Council in 1857. The Barnes Home, the Barnes Samaritan Charity need only be named as proofs of the liberality of this merchant prince. Mr. Barnes was a Wesleyan, but his only son, a young man of great promise, died whilst preparing for Anglican orders. His daughter inherited the benevolence as well as the wealth of her father.(7)

1871
The populations of the Municipal and Parliamentary Boroughs of Manchester at the eighth census were respectively 355,655 and 383,843; those of Salford, 124,805 and 124,801.(7)

1871
Elder Frederick William Evans lectured at the Temperance Hall, (Grosvenor Street, on the "American Shakers," amongst whom he was a representative man. The sect was founded by Ann Lee, the Manchester prophetess.(7)

1871
Rev. Robert Moffatt, the African missionary, was present at a meeting of the London Missionary Society in the Free Trade Hall. He referred, in speaking, to the fact that it was from Manchester he was sent into the mission field.(7)

1871
Lord Justice James delivered judgment on appeal in the action "Roskell v. Whitworth," in which it was sought to restrain Sir Joseph Whitworth from using the steam hammer at his works in Chorlton Street in such a manner as to cause a nuisance to the clergy of St. Augustine's Church, Granby Row. An injunction was granted against Sir Joseph Whitworth.(7)