9th. January Thursday
A new Conservative Club was opened on January 9, in Great Clowes Street, Broughton, by the Solicitor-General, Sir Hardinge Giffard.(7)

10th. January Friday
Rev. William Arthur Darby, M.A., F.R.A.S., died January 10, aged 69. He was rector of St. Luke's, Chorlton-on-Medlock. He was author of several Anti-Roman Catholic pamphlets, and of The Astronomical Observer, 1864.(7)

15th. January Wednesday
Mr. Henry Dunckley, M.A., editor of the Manchester Examiner and Times, and author of the Letters of Verax, was entertained at dinner at the Reform Club on January 15. A presentation was at the same time made to him by a number of gentlemen, of 700 guineas, a silver service, and a number of selected books.(7)

13th. February Thursday
St. John's Church, Deansgate, after being restored at a cost of £1,600, was re-opened on February 13.(7)

18th. February Tuesday
Rev. Joseph Rayner Stephens died, February 18. He was born at Edinburgh in 1805, where his father, a Wesleyan minister, was then stationed. He soon afterwards came to Manchester, and was educated at the Grammar School, and joined with Harrison Ainsworth in private theatricals. At twenty he became a Wesleyan minister, and was sent to Stockholm, where he studied Scandinavian literature with great ardour and success. On his return to England in 1830, he was suspended by the Conference for speaking in favour of the separation of Church and State. He was an earnest advocate of the Ten Hours Bill, and became a leader of the Chartist party. He was tried at Chester, August, 1839, on a charge of sedition, and sentenced to eighteen months' imprisonment. His oratorical powers were of a very unusual order, and were again exerted during the cotton famine. He was resident in Manchester or Stalybridge for more than half a century (Holyoake's Life of Joseph Rayner Stephens. London, 1881). It was he who first turned the attention of his younger brother, Professor George Stephens, of Copenhagen, to the study of Northern literature.(7)

4th. March Tuesday
Mr. Benjamin Templar, a well-known schoolmaster in Manchester, died at Southport on March 4. He was a native of Bristol, and obtained his first appointment in the British School at Bridport. In 1854 he was appointed master of the Model Secular School, Jackson's Row, Manchester. About 1867 he resigned this situation and opened a private school at Tetlow Fold, Cheetham, and subsequently at Birkdale, near Southport. He was author of several manuals, including Reading Lessons in Social Economy, A Graduated School Arithmetic, and The Religious Difficulty in National Education.(7)

18th. March Tuesday
Mr. Alderman Paul Ferdinand Willert died at Higher Broughton on March 18. He was a native of the Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, and was born in 1794. He came to England in 1821, and commenced business in Manchester. He was a commissioner of police from 1828 until the powers of the Commissioners were transferred to the Corporation. In 1838 he was elected to represent the Ardwick Ward in the Town Council, and in 1841 he was made an alderman, and assigned to the Oxford Ward, which he afterwards exchanged for that of Cheetham. Not only was he a skilful financier, but he was a man of culture and acquirements, for many years playing second violin in the amateur orchestra of the Forign Library of which he was treasurer. He was much respected by a large number of acquaintances.(7)

31st. March Monday
St. James's Church, Broughton, consecrated by Bishop Fraser, March 31. Paley and Austin were the architects, and the cost of erection was £7,350.(7)

7th. April Monday
Dr. Andrea Crestadoro, chief librarian of the Corporation Free Libraries of Manchester, died April 7. He was born at Genoa in 1808, and educated at the Grammar School there, and at the University of Turin, where he took the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. He shortly afterwards became professor of natural philosophy in that seat of learning. About the same time he published a translation of Bancroft's History of America, as well as some minor treatises on political and social economy. In 1852, being then a resident of Salford, and at subsequent periods, he patented several inventions, including one entitled "Improvements in the means and apparatus for navigating the air." In 1864 he was appointed chief librarian of the Manchester Free Libraries, and in 1878 he was created by the King of Italy a Cavaliere dell' Ordine de Corona d'Italia. In 1861 he published a work entitled, Du Pouvoir Temporel et de la Souverainete Pontificale. His aptitude for bibliography was exceptional, and for some years he undertook the compilation of the British Catalogue for Messrs. Sampson, Low, and Co. In 1856 he published a pamphlet on the Art of Making Catalogues. The first volume of the catalogue of the Manchester Reference Library was compiled by him, and is a work which exhibits much industry and ingenuity. He is buried at Ardwick Cemetery.(7)

19th. April Saturday
The Pendleton Reporter, No. 1, was published April 19. The title was altered to the Salford, Pendleton, and Broughton Reporter, June 28, 1884.(7)

21st. April Monday
Mr. George Hadfield died at his residence, Conyngham Road, Victoria Park, April 21. He was born at Sheffield in 1788, and was articled to an attorney of that town. In 1839 he removed to Manchester and began business as a lawyer in partnership with a Mr. Knight, their office being in Ridgefield. With different partners, and sometimes on his sole account, he had a lucrative business till his retirement in 1852. In 1852 he was a member of Parliament for Sheffield in the Liberal interest, which town he represented until 1874. He was one of the founders of the Anti-Corn Law League, and an earnest advocate of Free Trade; but in questions relating to the rights of Dissenters he manifested the greatest interest. He was an active member of the Mosley Street Independent Chapel, and when the Independent College at Withington, of which he laid the foundation-stone, was established in 1840, he contributed the sum of £2,000. To the religious body of which he was a member he was a liberal benefactor. He was also the principal promoter of the litigation as to Lady Hewley's charities. Some letters and details of his connection with the Congregational Church, Rusholme Road, are given in Griffin's Memories of the Past.(7)

5th. May Monday
Mr. J. L. Purcell-Fitzgerald, MA., died May 5, at Boulge Hall, Woodbridge, Suffolk, in his sixty-eighth year. His favourite residence was Castle Irwell, and he had large property in the neighbourhood of Pendleton. He took a warm interest in the evangelisation of the masses, and frequently acted as a missioner. When the lease of the old racecourse, which was on his estate, fell vacant, he refused to renew it, although the action was a considerable loss. He published a pamphlet explanatory of his reasons. He was a brother of Mr. Edward Fitzgerald, the poet.(7)

7th. May Wednesday
Mr. Charles William Sutton was appointed chief librarian of the Manchester Free Libraries, in succession Dr. Crestodoro, May 7.(7)

13th. May Tuesday
The Greengate Liberal Club was opened on May 13 by Mr. William Mather, J.P.(7)

23rd. May Friday
42 Victoria, cap. 36. Act for enabling the mayor, aldermen, and citizens of the city of Manchester to obtain a supply of water from lake Thirlmere, in Cumberland, and for other purposes. May 23.(7)

31st. May Saturday
St. James's Iron Church, Moss Side, erected at a cost of £1,200, was opened on May 31.(7)

Mr. Ralph Abercrombie Leake, of Manchester, bequeathed by will, proved in May, the sum of £2,130, respectively to the Chetham College and the Manchester Grammar School.(7)

The Manchester Magazine, an Illustrated Northern Serial, No. 1, was published in May by John Heywood. The last number appeared in August, 1880. The editor was Mr. William Gee.(7)

7th. July Monday
Mr. Alderman James Bake died July 7. He was born in Manchester in 1800, and early apprenticed to the saddlery business. Subsequently he began business on his own account in Port Street. In 1833 he disposed of his business and became the landlord of the Post Office Hotel, from which he retired with a competency in 1849. In 1853 he was elected to the Town Council, as a representative of the Oxford Ward, and in 1856 he was elected to represent the Cheetham Ward. In 1865 he was elected an alderman, being appointed to the Oxford Ward. He was a member of the Board of the Prestwich Union, and one of the trustees of the Bury New Road.(7)

24th. July Thursday
42 and 43 Victoria, cap. 190. Act for empowering the Manchester Suburban Tramways Company to construct further tramways in the neighbourhood of Manchester, and for other purposes. July 24.(7)

2nd. August Saturday
Ordsal Park, Salford, was opened by Mr. Alderman T. Davies on August 2. Inclusive of the purchase of land the park cost £15,000.(7)

31st. August Sunday
The corporation licences, required to be taken out annually by butchers, under the Manchester Markets Act, 1846, were abolished by the City Council as from August 31.(7)

1st. September Monday
The new railway from Manchester to Whitefield was opened by the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Company, September 1.(7)

15th. September Monday
Mr. John Benjamin Smith, J.P., died at his residence, at Ascot, on September 15, in the 86th year of his age. Mr. Smith was a merchant in the cotton trade in Manchester. In 1839 he was president of the Manchester Chamber of Commerce. He was a prominent member of the Anti-Corn Law League, and during the years 1847 to 1852 he represented Stirling in Parliament, and from the latter year until 1874 was the member for Stockport. He published several pamphlets on the Increased Supplies of Cotton. He was appointed a justice of the peace for Lancashire in 1836.(7)

20th. September Saturday
Mr. Henry Nield died September 20. He took great interest in agriculture, and from his farm, The Grange, Worsley, wrote many letters to the public press on the progress and the improvement of farming.(7)

27th. September Saturday
The Library Association of the United Kingdom held its annual meeting at Manchester during the week ending September 27.(7)

29th. September Monday
M.Camille Saint-Saens, the eminent French musical composer, assisted at a concert in the Gentlemen's Concert Hall, on September 29, and gave organ recitals in the Manchester Town Hall on September 30.(7)

16th. October Thursday
The Marquis of Salisbury visited Manchester from the 16th to the 20th of October, and was present at a great Conservative demonstration held at Pomona Gardens on the 18th.(7)

25th. October Saturday
A great Liberal demonstration was held at Pomona Gardens on October 25. The Marquis of Hartington and Mr. John Bright delivered addresses.(7)

Manchester Diocesan Churchman commenced in October. It appeared monthly, under the editorship of the Rev. J. Robert 0. West, until December, 1881, when it ceased to be issued.(7)

The Manchester Arts Club, established for the social meeting of members of the various artistic, literary, and scientific professions, was inaugurated in October.(7)

26th. November Wednesday
Mr. Henry Rawson died at his residence, Prestwich Lodge, on November 26. He was a native of Nottingham, and began business in Manchester as a stockbroker, in which business he had a successful career. He was, from 1847 to 1849, and from 1861 to 1869, chairman of the Manchester Stock Exchange. He was for some time a principal proprietor of the Manchester Examiner and Times, and the chief proprietor of the Morning Star. In 1874 he was president of the Manchester Reform Club, and In 1868 he was a candidate for the representation of Salford.(7)

3rd. December Wednesday
The last of the Manchester Science Lectures delivered at the Pendleton Town Hall, December 3, by Captain W. de W. Abney, F.R.S. The penny lectures were then discontinued, owing to the falling off in public interest. The lecturers included Prof. T. H. Huxley, William Huggins, W. Pengelly, and other distinguished savants, and their lectures, edited by Prof. H. E. Roscoe, have been printed, and form eleven volumes of Science Lectures for the People. (Manchester: John Heywood, 1871-1880.)(7)

22nd. December Monday
Mr. Joseph Manchester died at Sale on the 22nd of December. He was one of the early proprietors of the Prince's Theatre, a promoter of the Brasenose Club, and a director of the Mechanics' Institution. He was 58 years of age.(7)

27th. December Saturday
Rev. Edward Dudley Jackson, B.C.L., died December 27, in his 77th year. He was educated at Cambridge, and was at one time English Master of the Grammar School and perpetual curate of St. Michael's. In 1847 he became Rector of St. Thomas's, Heaton Norris. He was the author of the Devotional Year, 1833; Nugĉ Lyricĉ, 1870, and other works. He is buried at Cheltenham.(7)

27th. December Saturday
Mr. William Hepworth Dixon died at London, December 27. He was born in Ancoats, and in his early life was employed in a factory. He left Manchester in 1846, and in 1853 became the editor of the Athenĉum, a post which he resigned in 1869. He was the author of lives of Howard, Penn, and Robert Blake, of Royal Windsor, Her Majesty's Tower, Spiritual Wives, and other works. He was offered and refused a baronetcy.(7)

Much distress prevailed among the working classes during the winter of 1878-9, owing to bad trade and severe weather.(7)

A small book was published entitled Religion in Manchester, by John Pollitt, Oldham, 1879, containing descriptions of the Sunday services of the Salvation Army, the Jews, the Josephite and Brighamite Mormons, the Atheists, the Secularists, the Spiritualists, the Christadeiphians, the Quakers, Mr. William Birch's Free Trade Hall Assembly, Young Men's Christian Association, the Irvingites, the Boatman's Bethel, the Greek Catholic Church, the United Friends, the American Church, and the Deutsche Protestantische Kirche.(7)

At the annual meeting of the United Kingdom Alliance, Sir Wilfrid Lawson was elected president in consequence of the death of Sir Walter Trevelyan, who died March 29th. Sir Walter was a man of varied accomplishments, an accomplished antiquary, a lover of art, and a man of science.(7)