10th. January Saturday
Rev. Henry Wray, M.A., died at Crawley Down, Sussex, January 10. He was the son of the Rev. C. D. Wray, and was born at Manchester, 1823. He was author of a memoir of his father; Early Rectors of the Collegiate Church, Manchester; and Congregational Independents, 1862. (Manchester School Register, vol. iii., page 246.)(7)

15th. January Thursday
The marriage of the Right Rev. James Fraser, D.D., Bishop of Manchester, with Miss A. E. Frances Duncan, of, Bath, was celebrated at St. Peter's, Onslow Gardens, London, January 15. Dean A. Penrhyn Stanley officiated.(7)

17th. January Saturday
Mary, wife of Mr. John Curwen, died at Norwood, January 17. She was born March 24, 1819, at Manchester, where her father, Mr. Joseph Thompson was a well-known cotton spinner. An interesting account of "Lady Curwen," as she was called, from her benevolent nature, is given in Memorials of John Curwen. (See also under date of May 26.)(7)

20th. January Tuesday
Mr. George Edmund Lomas died at his residence, Hewitt Street, Cheetham January 20. He was born at Manchester, October 17, 1808, and was a cotton operative, and subsequently a house painter. He was an active politician, and was arrested at a Chartist meeting in Stevenson Square and tried for high treason, but conducted his own defence and was acquitted. He was a very effective public speaker, and as a temperance advocate is said to have delivered over 5,000 lectures. (Winskill's Temperance Reformation, page 360.)(7)

26th. January Monday
Mr. Thomas Wrigley, paper manufacturer, died at Bury, January 26. He was born June 27, 1808, near Bury, and educated chiefly at Bridgenorth, Shropshire, and as a young man became a partner with his father in their paper manufacturing business. He devoted such application to the business that the firm ultimately acquired an almost unequalled position. He was appointed a magistrate about 1850, and subsequently a deputy lieutenant of the county of Lancaster. In 1872 he was High Sheriff of Lancashire. He was chairman of the Bury Banking Company, and also of the Manchester Board of the Liverpool, London, and Globe Insurance Company, besides being identified with many other companies. He was the first to suggest the Manchester, Bury, and Rossendale Railway.(7)

30th. January Friday
Lord Derby and Mr. John Bright, M.P., were present at a dinner given in the Town Hall by the Mayor of Manchester (Mr. Alderman H. Patteson) to Lord Chief Justice Coleridge and Lord Justice Erett, on January 30.(7)

Old South-East Lancashire, No. 1, January; a monthly archĉological magazine, of which only four numbers were published. The editor, Mr. J. F. Matthews, emigrated to New York.(7)

18th. February Wednesday
Mr John Knowles formerly proprietor of the Theatre Royal Manchester, died at his residence at Rugby, February 18, in the seventieth year of his age. He was born in Manchester, and at an early age became a stage coach proprietor. He subsequently succeeded his father in the coal and marble trade. For some years he was proprietor of a corn and flour mill at Nuneaton. Later he became a director of the Lancashire and Mutual Insurance Companies, but he was chiefly remarkable for his lesseeship of both the old Theatre Royal in Fountain Street, from 1842 until 1844, and of the new Theatre Royal, Peter Street, from 1845 until 1875. During his tenure of the latter theatre, he assembled some of the finest stock companies ever formed, and his representations have never been surpassed either in London or the provinces. He was a successful cultivator of exotic plants, and also formed at his residence a fine collection of art works, which were afterwards sold at the rooms of Messrs. Christies and Manson.(7)

20th. February Friday
Dr. William Fleming died at Rowton Grange, near Chester, February 20. He was born at Manchester in 1799, and was the son of Thomas Fleming. He was one of the founders of the Botanical Gardens, and was the first honorary secretary of the Chetham Society. He wrote Four Days at Niagara Falls, 1840, and an essay on The Works of Faithorne, 1870.(7)

8th. March Monday
Mr. William Mather died at Cornbrook, March 8, in his fifty-fifth year. He was the proprietor and manufacturer of the "Mather's plaster," and had been a member of the City Council since 1868.(7)

15th. March Monday
Mr. William Hull, artist, died March 15, at his residence at Rydal. He was a native of Huntingdonshire, and was born in 1820. For many years he resided in Manchester. His drawings and paintings were always an attraction at the Manchester Academy.(7)

15th. March Monday
Mr. David Holt died March 15, in the fifty-second year of his age, at Aitrincham. He was born on November 13, 1828, at Chorlton-upon-Medlock. Leaving school, he was employed by Mr. Danson, the chemist. Afterwards he became a clerk and later the assistant secretary of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Company. He published Poems, Rural and Miscellaneous, in 1848; Lays of Hero Worship and other Poems, in 1850; Janus, Lake Sonnets, and other Poems, in 1853; and a selection of his poems in 1868.(7)

25th. March Thursday
Rev James Augustus Page, M.A., died at Rusholme, March 25, aged 58. He was author of Scattered Leaves, poems, Warrington, 1839; My Church, 1845; Protestant Ballads, 1851.(7)

1st. April Thursday
Mr. Malcolm Ross, J.P., died at Smedley Old Hall, April 1. He was a native of Glasgow, and came to Manchester in 1832. He was employed by Messrs. Oswald, Stevenson, and Co., spinners and yarn agents, and he ultimately became the head of the firm. He was a man of good business abilities, and he was from 1865 to 1867 president of the Chamber of Commerce, of which institution he was also a long time the treasurer. During the cotton famine he was one of the members of the Central Executive Committee. He took an active interest in the establishment of public parks in Manchester and Salford, and in other philanthropic movements. He was one of the contributors to a volume of verses published in 1864, entitled the City Muse.(7)

4th. April Sunday
Mr. Philip Grant, of Manchester, died at an advanced age, April 4. He is chiefly to be remembered for the activity he showed in trying to further the cause of the Ten Hours Bill. He was editor of the Ten Hours Advocate, a periodical, and was author of a History of Factory Legislation.(7)

20th. April Tuesday
The Royal Charter for the founding of the Victoria University was granted on April 20. The first Court of the Governors met at the Owens College on July 14, and in the evening of the same day Mr. Alderman H. Patteson, Mayor of Manchester, entertained the Governors and other guests at the Town Hall. The Archbishop of York, the Duke of Devonshire, and Professor Huxley were among those present.(7)

1st. May Saturday
Wallness Bridge, which crosses the Irwell near Peel Park, was opened by the Mayor of Salford, Mr. Alderman Robinson, on May 1. The bridge has a length of 112 feet.(7)

3rd. May Monday
Mr. Samuel Watts, J.P., died at Burnage Hall, on May 3, in the 42nd year of his age. He was the eldest son of Mr. Samuel Watts, elder brother of Sir James Watts, and was one of the firm of S. and J. Watts and Co. He was treasurer of the Union and Emancipation Society, a promoter of the Manchester Reform Club, treasurer of the National Reform Union, and a supporter of the Liberation Society. He was a liberal giver to these and other institutions.(7)

17th. May Monday
Mr. Henry Ashworth, J.P., of Turton, near Bolton, died at Florence on May 17. He was born at Birtwistle, near Bolton, on September 4, 1794, and, after completing his education at Ackworth, became a partner with his brother Edmund in their large mills at Turton. He took a prominent part in the Anti- Corn Law League, and in 1843 accompanied Cobden and Bright to Northumberland, Cumberland, Durham, and East Lothian, to obtain information with regard to the agricultural condition of those districts. It was he who on December 23, 1845, in the Manchester Town Hall, moved the resolution that "to promote the agitation for corn-law repeal a sum of £250,000 should be raised." In 1859 he unsuccessfully contested with Mr. W. N. Massey for the parliamentary representation of Salford. He was one of the oldest members of the Manchester Chamber of Commerce, and its president from 1862 to 1864. He was author of Cobden and the League, and A Tour in the United States of America.(7)

26th. May Wednesday
Mr. Samuel Messenger Bradley, F.R.C.S., of Manchester, died at Ramsgate on May 26. He was born in 1841, and became a member of the Royal College of Surgeons in 1862. In the same year he became a licentiate of the Apothecaries' Society. In 1869 he passed as a fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, and was appointed assistant physician at the Royal Infirmary. For a time he acted as professor of physiology at Stonyhurst College, and surgeon of the Ancoats and Ardwick Dispensary. His medical experience was varied, and he was for twelve months surgeon for the Cunard Steamship Company. At the time of his death he was lecturer on practical surgery at the Owens College, having previously been lecturer on anatomy in that institution. He was the author of A Manual of Comparative Anatomy and Physiology, published in 1869, and again in 1873, and in 1875; The Injuries and Diseases of the Lymphatic System, published in 1879; co-editor of the Manchester Medical Reports for 1870 and 1871. He wrote numerous articles of a scientific nature in magazines, was a good linguist, and had he lived longer might have gained a high position in his calling.(7)

26th. May Wednesday
Mr. John Curwen died at Heaton Mersey, May 26. He was born November 14, 1816, at Hurst House, Heckmondwike, and educated for the Congregational ministry. About 1840 his attention was turned to music, and his difficulties in learning led him to examine Miss Glover's system of notation. His own modifications make the present popular and useful tonic-sol-fa method. In June, 1842, he gave a series of lectures to Sunday school teachers in Manchester and Salford. The chairman of the first meeting was Mr. Joseph Thompson, the cotton spinner, who invited the lecturer to his house. The result of the visit was that Curwen fell in love with his host's youngest daughter, and after some opposition they were married in 1845. He was chiefly resident at Plaistow, where he was Congregational minister in 1864; but, in addition to his pastoral work, he found time to direct the musical movement with which his name is identified. He was a Radical in politics, an opponent of State churches, and when the American War of the Rebellion broke out, he formed the first Freedman's Aid Society in England. Further particulars of his life are given in Memorials of John Curwen, by his son, J. Spencer Curwen, London, 1882.(7)

The transfer of the Royal Lancasterian School to the Manchester School Board took place in June.(7)

9th. July Friday
43 and 44 Victoria, cap. 36. Act to confirm certain provisional orders of the Local Government Board relating to the boroughs of Abingdon and Beverley, the Local Government District of Briton Ferry, the borough of Burnley, the Local Government District of Buxton, the borough of Cardigan, the town of Hove, the city of Manchester, the Improvement Act District of Middleton and Tonge, the boroughs of Newbury and Southport, the Improvement Act District of West Hartlepool, and the Local Government District of Wirksworth. July 9.(7)

2nd. August Monday
43 and 44 Victoria, cap. 112. Act for dissolving the Manchester Carriage Company, Limited, and re-incorporating the members thereof as a new company, and for transferring to such new company the powers conferred by the Manchester Suburban Tramways Acts, 1878 and 1879, and for conferring further powers for the construction of new, and the completion of authorised, tramways and for other purposes. August 2.(7)

15th. August Sunday
Mr. John Begg Shaw, M.A. barrister-at-law, died at Bexhill, Sussex, August 15. He was the son of Mr. John Shaw, of Bowdon, and was born at Hulme, November 27, 1828. He was author of Chiming Trtfles, by an Oxonian, 1858; and of various contributions to magazines.(7)

25th. August Wednesday
Mr. Elijah Walton died August 25. He was born in Manchester, in 1846 but his childhood was passed at Birmingham and at Bromsgrove Lickey, where he died. His artistic powers began to develop at eight, and at 14 he exhibited at the Royal Academy and sold his picture. He was almost unrivalled as a landscape painter, especially in Alpine subjects. Several selections have been published from his drawings.(7)

Mr. Charles Bent died early in August. He was born at Bolton, in 1819, where his father was a shoemaker and a Wesleyan local preacher. Charles, however, became a drunkard, and had a local reputation as a dog-fighter and pugilist, but in 1852 signed the pledge at Cork Street, Salford, and became a prosperous tradesman. He has left an Autobiography. (Winskiil's Temperance Reformatión, p. 362.)(7)

23rd. September Thursday
Miss Geraldine Ensor Jewsbury, died in London on September 23. She was born at Measham, near Ashby-de-la-Zouch, on August 22, 1812. Her parents removed to Manchester in 1818. Her first publication was in 1845, Zoe, or the History of Two Lives. Her other writings were The Half Sisters, 1848; Marian Withers, 1851; The Sorrows of Gentility, 1854; The Adopted Child, Angelo in the Pine Forest, both published about 1855; Constance Herbert, 1858; Right or Wrong, 1858. She was also a contributor to Household Words, to the Athenĉum, and to other magazines. She enjoyed the friendship of Carlyle, Dickens, and other eminent writers. Lady Theodore Martin's Letters on Shakspere's Female Characters were addressed to her.(7)

The will of Mr. James Seaton, of Manchester, proved during September. He left £1,000 each to the Royal Infirmary, the Upper Brook Street Chapel for the building of schools, to the Owens College for a Seaton Scholarship, and to the Manchester Grammar School for a Seaton Scholarship.(7)

29th. September Wednesday
The new extension of the Grammar School, including the gymnasium and the Lecture Theatre, was opened at Michaelmas.(7)

6th. October Wednesday
The Manchester Figaro, No. 1, was issued October 6. The title was changed to The Lancashire Figaro, June 20, 1881. The last number appeared July 20, 1882.(7)

24th. October Sunday
Mr. Alfred Aspland, F.R.C.S., J.P., died at his residence at Dukinfield, on October 24. He was born in 1815, at Hackney, and educated at King's College, London, and he studied medicine at Guy's Hospital. He was one of the originators of the Clinical Society of Guy's Hospital. In Dukinfield be had a large practice, until failing health required that be should retire. He was a member of many of the societies and clubs of Manchester, being president of the Brasenose Club. He was also surgeon of the 4th Cheshire Royal Volunteers, as well as one of the originators of the Stalybridge Volunteers.(7)

7th. November Sunday
Mr. Robert Aitken Bowes died at Bolton November 7, in the 43rd year of his age. Me was born in Dundee, but his early days were passed in Manchester, where he worked as a printer. Afterwards he printed and published, at Dundee, The Truth Promoter, of which his father, John Bowes, was the editor. In 1863 Mr. Bowes settled in Bolton, and became the editor of the Bolton Guardian.(7)

25th. November Thursday
The Ordsal Liberal Club, in Derby Street, Regent Road, Salford, was formally opened on November 25, by Mr. Thomas Briggs, J.P.(7)

18th. December Saturday
The Springfield Lane Bridge, Salford, built at a cost of £8,000, was opened by the Mayor of Salford, Mr. Alderman William Robinson, on December 18.(7)

26th. December Sunday
Dr. Isaac A. Franklin, of the Jewish community, died at Derby Street, Cheetham, December 26. He was born in Manchester in 1813, and educated at the Grammar School. In 1835 he was elected a member of the Royal College of Surgeons, and subsequently took the degree of M.D. He was one of the founders of the Jews' School, in Manchester.(7)

The will of Mr. Thomas Wrigley, of Bury, which was proved early in the year, included bequests of £10,000 each to the Owens College and Manchester Grammar School.(7)

St. Benedict's Church, Ardwick, consecrated by Bishop Fraser. The architect was Mr. F. Crowther, and the cost of erection £16,000.(7)