1881       

3rd. January Monday
The Right Hon. Henry Fawcett, Postmaster-General, visited Manchester, January 3, and on the 4th gave an address at the Manchester Reform Club.(7)

5th. January Wednesday
A meeting of Salford ratepayers was held in reference to the proposed Improvement Bill. The Bill was rejected, only one ratepayer voting in its favour. January 5.(7)

8th. January Saturday
Mr. Alderman Adam Murray, J.P., died January 8, at his residence, Hyde Road. From a humble position he raised himself to that of a prominent manufacturer and merchant. He was elected a councillor in 1861, and in 1869 was appointed an alderman, being assigned to Medlock Ward.(7)

10th. January Monday
A miners' conference was held in Manchester, January 10.(7)

14th. January Friday
A serious explosion occurred at the Salford Barracks, which was believed to be the work of Fenians, January 14. Two persons were injured, one of whom, a boy named Richard Clark, died two days afterwards. On the 22nd £500 reward was offered by the Government for the conviction of the person or persons who caused the explosion. On January 26 a verdict was returned of "wilful murder" against some person or persons unknown.(7)

17th. January Monday
The Mayor of Manchester (Alderman Baker) gave a juvenile ball at the Town Hall, January 17.(7)

24th. January Monday
The case respecting the capitular revenues was argued before Vice-Chancellor Hall, January 24.(7)

28th. January Friday
The case of Fleming v. the Corporation of Manchester was tried at the Manchester Assizes. The plaintiff was sued for damages for the fall of some houses near Albert Bridge, which was alleged to be due to the negligence of repairs, January 28. Judgment was given against the Corporation, but this was reversed on appeal, 26th June, 1882.(7)

January
Journal of Decorative Art, No. 1, January (monthly). W. Sutherland and Sons, proprietors.(7)

8th. February Tuesday
The Irwell overflowed, and Peel Park and the adjacent land was inundated. The river rose thirteen feet above the ordinary level, whilst houses and works in Lower Broughton were flooded. February 8.(7)

10th. February Thursday
Mr. Charles Malcolm Wood was appointed Chief Constable of Manchester in succession to Captain Palin, February 10.(7)

16th. February Wednesday
St. Clement's Church, Broughton Lane, was consecrated by Bishop Fraser February 16. The architect was Mr. H. Lord, and the cost of erection £5,900.(7)

16th. February Wednesday
Mr. Richard Johnson, J.P., of this city, and Kemnal Manor, Chislehurst, died February 16, in his seventy-second year. He was senior partner of the firm of Johnson, Clapham, and Morris, metal merchants, and also of the firm of Richard Johnson and Nephew, of the Bradford Wire Works, near Manchester, and was interested in the Bradford Colliery Company. The wireworks are known all over the world, part of the Atlantic cable having been manufactured there. He was at one period president of the Manchester Chamber of Commerce.(7)

21st. March Monday
Mr. Edmund Ashworth, J.P., of Egerton Hall, near Bolton, died at Southport, March 21, at the age of 80. He was born at Birtwistle, and was the chief of one of the largest spinning firms in England. Like his brother Henry he was an assiduous promoter of the Anti-Corn-Law League. He was president of the Manchester Chamber of Commerce from 1874 to 1877. In 1847 he was appointed a magistrate, and he was afterwards chairman of the Building Committee of the Manchester Assize Courts. He was one of the founders of the Cotton Supply Association, originated in 1857, and a prominent member of several of the reform movements of that and the period preceding. In 1837 Mr. Ashworth was requested by his fellow-townsmen to become a candidate for the Parliamentary representation of Bolton. In temperance and educational matters he took an active and effectual part. He is thought to have been the "Mr. Millbank" of Lord Beaconsfleld's Coningsby.(7)

29th. March Tuesday
A serious fire occurred at Messrs. John Haslam and Co's premises, Meal Street, Fountain Street. One fireman was killed and two others severely injured. March 29.(7)

15th. April Friday
The opening services of the new Brunswick Wesleyan Chapel, Pendleton, were held April 15.(7)

4th. May Wednesday
Mr. Joseph Mowbray Hawcroft died at Barmouth May 4. He was born at Barnsley, January 11, 1845, but came to Manchester in his fifteenth year. He was a frequent contributor to Once a Week, Ben Brierley's Journal, and other periodicals. (Axon's Cheshire Gleanings, page 197.)(7)

9th. May Monday
The Rev. J. A. Macfadyen was elected president of the Congregational Union, May 9.(7)

11th. May Wednesday
Mr. John Blackwall, F.L.S., died May 11. He was born in Manchester in 1789, and the greater portion of his 92 years were devoted to the study of science. During his residence at Crumpsall Old Hall he made many interesting observations in natural history. The papers read before the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society and other societies were collected into a volume entitled Researches in Zoology, which, originally published in 1834, came to a second edition in 1873. His memoirs, chronicled in the Royal Society's Catalogue of Scientific Papers, are eighty-two in number, and were printed between 1821 and 1871. The most important of his works is the Monograph on British Spiders, published for the Ray Society in 1861. Mr. Blackwall was for sixty years a member of the Literary and Philosophical Society, and he was also one of the oldest members of the Linnĉan Society and of the British Association.(7)

12th. May Thursday
Arthur Watson, of Manchester, was tried at the Liverpool Assizes for the murder of his child, and sentenced to death May 12, but was reprieved May 23.(7)

16th. May Monday
The extension at the London Road Station was opened for traffic. It was carried out by the London and North-Western Railway Company, at a cost of £300,000, May 16.(7)

29th. May Sunday
Mr. Thomas Radford, M.D., died at his residence at Higher Broughton, on May 29, in the 88th year of his age. He was born on November 2, 1793, at Hulme Field. He was apprenticed to Mr. William Wood, of King Street, and in 1818 was elected a surgeon to the Manchester and Salford Lying-in Hospital. He was an M.D. of Heidelburg, 1839; F.R.C.P. Edinburgh, 1839; F.R.C.S. England, 1852; L.S.A., 1817; hon. member of the Edinburgh and Dublin Obstetric Societies, corresponding member of the Hunterian Society, hon. consulting physician of St. Mary's Hospital, vice-president of the Obstetric Society, London. He was the author of various medical essays and articles. He gave in 1865 his valuable medical library to St. Mary's Hospital, with which he had been identified for more than sixty years. To the same institution he also gave a museum, known as the Radford Museum, and at his death he bequeathed a sum of £3,670, as a permanent endowment for the services of a medical man who should attend to the wants of the poor of Hulme Field.(7)

1st. June Wednesday
The Mayor of Manchester (Alderman Thomas Baker) opened an exhibition of objects of industrial art, at the New Islington Hall, Ancoats, June 1.(7)

15th. June Wednesday
St. Clement's, Greenheys, was consecrated by Bishop Fraser, June 15. Mr. H. R. Price was the architect, and the cost of erection £5,300.(7)

22nd. June Wednesday
At the annual meeting, held June 22, of the Manchester Statistical Society, it was resolved that women should be eligible for membership in the society.(7)

26th. June Sunday
Dr. J. C. Peatson died at his residence in St. John Street, Deansgate, June 26. He was for many years the chief medical administrator of the Manchester and Salford Lock and Skin Disease Hospital.(7)

27th. June Monday
44 and 45 Victoria, cap. 66. Act to confirm certain provincial orders of the Local Government Board relating to the boroughs of Halifax and Leeds, and the city of Manchester. June 27.(7)

28th. June Tuesday
Alderman Peter Gendall, of Salford, died June 28, aged 83.(7)

28th. June Tuesday
The Nawab Nukaran-ud-Dowla Bahadur, Finance Minister to the Nizam of Hyderabad, visited Manchester June 28.(7)

29th. June Wednesday
Rev. Alfred Schofield, the sixtieth hon. sec. of the National Union for the Suppression of Intemperance, wrote to the Manchester Courier June 29, July 1, explaining his resignation. (See under date March 29, December 18, 1871.)(7)

18th. July Monday
44 and 45 Victoria, cap. 105. Act to confirm certain provisional orders made by the Board of Trade under the Tramways Act, 1870, relating to Manchester Corporation Tramways and Rusholme Local Board Tramways. July 18.(7)

21st. July Thursday
Rev. E. Paxton Hood, who was leaving Manchester for America, was presented by the members of his church with an address and two hundred sovereigns. July 21.(7)

3rd. August Wednesday
The Governors of the Royal Manchester Institution resolved to accept the terms offered by the Corporation with reference to the transfer to the latter body, in trust for the use of the public, of the building and its contents. The expenditure of £2,000 annually by the Corporation upon works of art is guarantee for a period of twenty years. The managing committee will consist of two-thirds members of the Corporation, and one-third representatives of the Royal Institution. August 3.(7)

10th. August Wednesday
Mr. Selim Rothwell, artist, of Manchester, died suddenly at Bolton, Aug. 10.(7)

22nd. August Monday
The Primitive Methodist College, in Alexandra Road, Moss Side, was opened August 22. Mr. Henry Lee, M.P., presided at the opening ceremony. The cost of erection was over £8,000.(7)

24th. August Wednesday
An International Horticultural Exhibition was opened at the Botanical Gardens, Old Trafford. The show was held to celebrate the jubilee of the Manchester Botanical and Horticultural Society. August 24.(7)

25th. August Thursday
Mrs. Nicholls, widow of the Mr. Alderman Nicholls, founder of the Nicholls Hospital, died August 25, at her residence, Hope Cottage, Kersal.(7)

4th. September Sunday
Rev. W. J. Knox Little, rector of St. Alban's, succeeded Dr. Bradley as Canon of Worcester Cathedral, September 4.(7)

9th. September Friday
A large gathering of cotton spinners and masters was held in the Manchester Town Hall, and resolutions were passed favouring a stoppage of work in order to lessen the consumption of cotton, and so defeat the purpose of Liverpool speculators who had been forcing prices. September 9.(7)

9th. September Friday
Mr. Superintendent John Gee, late of the A Division of the City Police, was presented by the officers and men of the division with an electro-plated tea and coffee service and china breakfast service, on his retirement. Mr. Gee had been connected with the force thirty-four years, and of that period he had been superintendent twenty-three years. He collected a curious library of English poetry. September 9.(7)

11th. September Sunday
Mr. Richard Wright Procter, barber and author, died at his residence, Long Millgate, on September 11. He was born in Salford on December 19, 1816, and at ten years of age was apprenticed to a barber. In this business he remained all his life. In 1840 he endeavoured to improve his income by establishing a circulating library in the house in which he lived. His first attempts in authorship were some verses which he sent to the Manchester and Salford Advertiser under the assumed name of "Sylvan." In 1855 he issued a volume named Gems of Thought and Flowers of Fancy, and shortly afterwards a book of much pure humour entitled The Barber's Shop. In 1860 appeared his Literary Reminiscences; in 1862, Our Turf, Stage, and Ring; in 1866, Manchester in Holiday Dress; in 1874, Manchester Streets; and in 1880, Bygone Manchester. His quiet and kindly disposition won him deserved respect. There is a biographical sketch of him by Mr. W. E. A. Axon prefixed to the second and posthumous edition of the Barber's Shop.(7)

13th. September Tuesday
An adjourned meeting of cotton spinners, held in the Free Trade Hall, to consider the action of the "ring" of cotton brokers in Liverpool who had undertaken to assist the syndicate of speculators in cotton. September 13.(7)

14th. September Wednesday
A temperance demonstration, organised by the Salford Diocesan Temperance Crusade, was held in Cooke's Circus. Cardinal Manning presided and addressed the meeting. September 14.(7)

15th. September Thursday
The Mayor of Manchester, Alderman Thomas Baker, gave a complimentary banquet at the Town Hall to Mr. W. Harrison Ainsworth, the distinguished Lancashire novelist, "as an expression of the high esteem in which he was held by his fellow-townsmen, and in recognition of his services to literature." September 15.(7)

19th. September Monday
A conference of free library authorities was held in Manchester for the purpose of considering the Bill introduced into the House of Commons to amend the law relating to free libraries. Alderman Baker, the Mayor of Manchester, presided, and there was a large attendance of delegates representing the public free libraries of a number of boroughs. A number of suggested amendments were adopted, and a committee appointed to watch the Bill through Parliament. September 19.(7)

26th. September Monday
Rev. Thomas G. Lee, pastor of the New Windsor Congregational Chapel, Salford, from 1843 until a few years before his death, died September 26, aged 81, and was interred in the Salford Cemetery.(7)

28th. September Wednesday
The memorial-stones of two new board schools, one in Smedley Road, Cheetham, and the other in Ross Place, Hyde Road, Ardwick, were laid, Sept. 28.(7)

28th. September Wednesday
Mr. Henry Hodgson died September 28, at the age of 76. He was well known for the interest which he took in the Manchester Infirmary, of which he was deputy treasurer from 1865 until 1879. He lightened the trials of many of the patients by unostentatious charity.(7)

29th. September Thursday
Mr. William Langton died at his residence at Ingatestone, Essex, September 29. He was born at Farfield, near Addingham, Yorkshire, April 17, 1803, and was educated partly in England and partly in Switzerland, France, Italy, and Germany. From 1821 to 1829 he was employed in mercantile houses in Liverpool. In 1829 he began his connection with Heywood's Bank, Manchester, and in 1854 he was appointed managing director of the bank, which had then become the Manchester and Salford Bank. In this position he remained until 1876, when the loss of sight compelled his retirement. He then went to live at Ingatestone. He was one of the promoters of the Mechanics' Institution and the Manchester Athenĉum, and he was the chief promoter of the Manchester Statistical Society. About 1840 he acted as secretary to a committee which was formed for the purpose of procuring a university for Manchester. The effort was unsuccessful in obtaining its set object but is supposed to have influenced Mr. Owens to found the college which bears his name, and which has since become a part of the Victoria University. When Mr Langton left Manchester a number of his follow citizens subscribed a sum of £5,000, with which they founded a "Langton Fellowship" in connection with the Owens College. He was treasurer of the Chetham Society, for which he edited the three volumes entitled Chetham Miscellanies, 1851-62; Lancashire Inquisitions, 1875; and Visitations of Lancashire in 1533, 1876. He also published papers on banking and commercial subjects.(7)

1st. October Saturday
The foundation-stone of the new church of St. Anne's, Newton Heath, was laid by Mrs. Fraser, and the Bishop of Manchester also took part in the proceedings. October 1.(7)

12th. October Wednesday
The Mayor of Manchester presided at a meeting in the Town Hall in support of a scheme, recommended by the Manchester and Salford Sanitary Association, for the establishment of day nurseries for children in Manchester and Salford. It was decided to establish two nurseries, one in Ancoats and the other in Pendleton, and an appeal was made to the public for £1,000 to commence. October 12.(7)

12th. October Wednesday
The Education Department refused to accept in the revised bye-laws of the Salford School Board any standard for total or partial exemption lower than Standard IV. October 12.(7)

13th. October Thursday
Mr. William Sale, solicitor, died at his residence at Brighton, October 13. He was born at Atherstone in 1808. About the year 1831 he commenced to practice as a solicitor in Manchester, and afterwards was the head of the firm of Sale, Worthington, and Shipman. As a commercial lawyer he enjoyed a high reputation, and he was said to be "a master of compromise." He was legal adviser to the Anti-Corn Law League at the time of its agitation, and he was at one time spoken of as a Liberal candidate for the representation of the city. He went to reside at Brighton about 1878.(7)

13th. October Thursday
Mr. Edward T. Bellhouse, engineer, died October 13. He was born in 1816, and, having passed an apprenticeship in the employ of Sir William Fairbairn, undertook the direction of his father's business, at Eagle Foundry, of which he afterwards became the proprietor. The firm, known under the name of E. T. Bellhouse and Co., enjoyed a reputation for their iron houses and other buildings, many of which were made for South America and other foreign places. He was the chief promoter of the Philharmonic Society, and a director of the Brasenose Club, as well as a governor of the Manchester Royal Institution. He was president of the Association of Employers, Foremen, and Draughtsmen, and an industrious contributor of papers to the statistical and other societies.(7)

13th. October Thursday
Mr. John Collier Farn died, October 13. He was a native of Coventry, and took part in the Socialist and other "advanced" movements. He was at one time or other editor of the Co-operative News and Eccles Advertiser. He compiled The Conflict of Faith and Scepticism.(7)

14th. October Friday
During a terrific storm the Irwell rose fifteen feet, and many cellars in Lower Broughton were flooded. October 14.(7)

16th. October Sunday
A meeting of Irishmen was held in the Free Trade Hall to protest against the arrest of Mr. C. S. Parnell, M.P., and the attempted suppression of the Land League. October 16.(7)

18th. October Tuesday
A public meeting was held in the Manchester Town Hall in aid of the funds of the Royal Infirmary. The Earl of Derby presided. October 18.(7)

22nd. October Saturday
The first number of Tit -Bits from the most Interesting Books, Periodicals, and Newspapers was published October 22. This penny weekly publication, projected by Mr. George Newnes, has proved one of the most remarkable successes in modern journalism. In 1884 the office of the paper was transferred to London. Its success gave rise to many imitations, mostly unsuccessful.(7)

26th. October Wednesday
The Right Hon. William Nathaniel Massey, M.P., died October 26. He was born in 1809, called to the bar in 1844, became M.P. for Newport in 1852, and was Under Secretary of State for the Home Department from 1855 to 1858. He was elected M.P. for Salford in 1857 and 1859. In 1865 he was appointed Finance Minister in India, and resigned his seat in Parliament. On his return from the East he was elected M.P. for Tiverton, which place he represented till his death.(7)

29th. October Saturday
The memorial stone of the new buildings of the Manchester Warehousemen and Clerks' Orphan Schools at Cheadle Hulme was laid by Mr. Samuel Fielden. October 29.(7)

3rd. November Thursday
A portrait of the Bishop of Manchester was presented to Mrs. Fraser, at Bishop's Court, Higher Broughton, November 3.(7)

11th. November Friday
A meeting of the owners and ratepayers of the city of Manchester was held to consider the proposed application to Parliament by the Corporation for power to acquire and maintain an art gallery, to extend the waterworks system, to produce and supply electricity for lighting and other purposes, and to amend and extend the provisions of the local Acts relating to the city. The mayor presided, and the resolution giving the necessary authority to the City Council was passed. November 11.(7)

15th. November Tuesday
Mr. William Rathbone Greg died, November 15. He was born at Manchester in 1809, and in the earlier part of his life was engaged in commerce. In 1856 he was appointed a commissioner of customs, and from 1864 till 1877 he held the post of comptroller in Her Majesty's Stationery Office. In 1840 he published a work descriptive of the Efforts for the Extinction of the African Slave Trade, and this was almost immediately followed by some pamphlets on behalf of the Anti-Corn Law League. The Creed of Christendom, 1851, a trenchant analysis of modern belief, introduced his name to a wider circle of readers, and his volume on The Enigmas of Life, 1872, passed through eight editions within three years. Another collection of essays, Rocks Ahead; or, the Warnings of Cassandra, 1874, attracted considerable attention both for its own merits and from the circumstance that its publication agreed with a change in the governing spirit of England. He was a frequent contributor to the Pall Mall Gazette and the Edinburgh and other reviews.(7)

19th. November Saturday
A fire on the premises of Mr. John Owen, toy maker, Catherine Street, Strangeways, caused damage to stock estimated at £3,000. November 19.(7)

23rd. November Wednesday
Mr. Henry Irving was entertained at luncheon at the Queen's Hotel, Professor A. W. Ward presided. November 23.(7)

30th. November Wednesday
Lord Randolph Churchill, M.P., opened, in the Ardwick Conservative Club, a bazaar, held for the purpose of clearing off the debt upon the furnishing fund. A luncheon subsequently took place, at which his lordship delivered an address. November 30.(7)

30th. November Wednesday
The annual meeting of the St. Andrew's Society of Manchester was held in the Hulme Town Hall, under the presidency of the Earl of Rosebery, November 30.(7)

1st. December Thursday
Lord Randolph Churchill addressed a large meeting of Conservatives in St. James's Hall, December 1.(7)

3rd. December Saturday
The Mirror of Wit, Wisdom, Anecdote, and Adventure commenced December 3. With No. 4 its title was changed to Random Readings. The last number was issued April 22, 1882. I. W. Petty and Son, proprietors.(7)

12th. December Monday
The Duke of Edinburgh, the Duke of Albany, and Prince Christian visited Manchester, to attend a soiree in connection with the Athenĉum, held in the Free Trade Hall, December 12. They occupied the mayor's apartments in the Town Hall, and visited Peel Park Museum, the Royal Exchange, and the Owens College. The Princes left Manchester December 13.(7)

13th. December Tuesday
A conversazione was held at the Athenĉum in connection with the Catholic Club. The Bishop of Salford, delivered an address. December 13.(7)

19th. December Monday
Mr. Edward William Binney, F.R.S., F.G.S., an eminent local geologist died at his residence, at Cheetham Hill, December 19. He was born at Morton, Notts, in 1812, and was articled to a solicitor at Chesterfield. About 1836 he came to Manchester, and in 1842 was successful in the conduct of the case of the claimant in the great Chadwick lawsuit. He was one of the founders of the Manchester Geological Society, and at the time of his death was president of the Literary and Philosophical Society. In the knowledge of the geology of this neighbourhood he was not excelled, while he was not equalled for a thorough acquaintance with the carboniferous strata. He wrote a sketch of Manchester geology for publication in Buxton's Botanical Guide. He wrote about one hundred memoirs of a scientific nature for various societies, including the British Association, the Royal Society, the West Yorkshire Geological Societies, the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, and others. For the Palĉontographical Society he wrote a monograph on the Structure of Fossil Plants found in the Carboniferous Strata, 1868-75. He was elected a Fellow of the Geological Society in 1853, and of the Royal Society In 1856. His investigations had much influence in making paraffin oil an article of commercial manufacture. He was interred at Worksop.(7)

29th. December Thursday
Mr. Arthur G. Latham died December 29, aged 60 years. He was a member of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, the microscopical and natural history section of which he was largely instrumental in founding.(7)

30th. December Friday
John West, a prisoner, committed suicide in the Newton Street Police Court by strangulation, December 30.(7)

1881
Mr. Thomas Roworth, of St. Ann's Square, Manchester, died at his residence, Heaton Mersey, aged 65 years. Deceased served his apprenticeship with Messrs. Bancks and Co., and afterwards continued for some years in their employ. In 1843 he commenced business in partnership with the late Mr. William Hale, and until 1871 the firm was known as Hale and Roworth. In that year the partnership was dissolved, and Mr. Roworth carried on business In his own name.(7)

1881
A complimentary dinner was given at the Queen's Hotel to Dr. Samuel Crompton, on his retirement from professional practice as a physician and on his leaving Manchester to reside at Cranleigh, Surrey. Dr. Crompton, a grandson of the great inventor, was particularly interested in the welfare of the blind, and fought successfully for their interests in the case of Henshaw's Blind Asylum.(7)

1881
The respective populations of the municipal and Parliamentary boroughs of Manchester, at the ninth census, were 341,508 and 393,676; of Salford, 176,233.(7)