1884       

3rd. January Thursday
The Limners' Club, in Ridgefield, established by artists some six or seven years previously, was dissolved, and the bulk of the members were, on January 3, admitted to membership in the Arts Club, Albert Square.(7)

6th. January Sunday
The Very Rev. B. M. Cowie, D.D., Dean of Manchester, was installed as Dean of Exeter on ,January 6.(7)

8th. January Tuesday
A meeting of railway shareholders was held in the Manchester Town Hall, on January 8, to protest against undue State interference with railways. Alderman J. M. Bennett occupied the chair, and was supported by Lord Brabourne, Lord Alfred Churchill, and others.(7)

12th. January Saturday
A deposit of £277,950 in Consols was made with the Chancery Division of the High Court of Justice, by the Provisional Committee of the Manchester Ship Canal Scheme, January 12.(7)

12th. January Saturday
The Manchester Trades Journal, a monthly periodical, was first published during the week ending January 12.(7)

15th. January Tuesday
Professor John Stuart Blackie, of Edinburgh, lectured in the Manchester Town Hall, January 15, on "Christianity and the Land Laws."(7)

15th. January Tuesday
The Japanese Ambassador, Jushi-i-Mori, accompanied by his wife, Madame Mori, arrived in Manchester on a private visit, January 15. On the following day the Ambassador was shown over the mills of Sir Elkanah Armitage and Sons, and the printworks of Messrs. T. Hoyle and Sons, and was also, with Madame Mori, entertained at luncheon by the Mayor in the Town Hall.(7)

18th. January Friday
Mr. Archibald Winterbottom died at his residence, the Lymes, Eccles Old Road, on January 18. He was born at Saddleworth, and at the age of fifteen walked from that village to Manchester to begin his commercial life in the house of Messrs. Henry Bannerman and Sons. At nineteen years of age he was made manager of a department, and at thirty taken into the partnership of the firm. In 1853 he opened a warehouse on his own account, but in 1869 was compelled by commercial reverses to arrange with his creditors. He next purchased a mill at Weast, and thenceforth his success was great. In 1882 he realised his hope of discharging in full all the liabilities in his name which amounted to about £20,000. As a token of the regard in which they held this action, his creditors presented him with an illuminated address and a service of plate, at Bradford, Yorkshire, on February 8, 1883. He was one of the earliest promoters of the National Public School Association, and of the Model Secular School, and took much interest in educational and social movements. He was interred in the family vault at the Unitarian Chapel, Stand, January 23.(7)

19th. January Saturday
A meeting of the professors and other gentlemen interested in education was held at the Owens College, January 19, to promote co-operation between the Victoria University and the schools of the neighbouring counties.(7)

20th. January Sunday
Mr. Claude Duval, for nine years one of the French masters of the Manchester Grammar School, died, January 20. He was interred in the Southern Cemetery on the 25th. He was the author of Fanny, and other Poems.(7)

21st. January Monday
Mr. John Burder, secretary to the Bishop of Manchester and Registrar of the diocese, died January 21. He was born in London in 1821, and educated at a private school in the same city. His remains were interred at Prestwich on the 25th instant.(7)

21st. January Monday
The Irwell Street Working Men's Institute, Salford, was opened by Mr. Alderman T. Davies on January 21 and 26.(7)

22nd. January Tuesday
Mr. William Morris, the poet, lectured at the Memorial Hall, on January 22, on the subject of "Art under Plutocracy."(7)

22nd. January Tuesday
Judgment was given on January 22, in the Queen's Bench Division, against Sir Percival Heywood, in his suit to compel the Bishop of Manchester to institute the Rev. H. Cowgill into the living of St. John the Evangelist's, Miles Platting.(7)

23rd. January Wednesday
Mr. Thomas Brittain died at his residence, at Urmston, on January 23. He was a native of Sheffield, where he was born in 1806. Although the greater part of his life was passed in active business, yet he was for many years a prominent member of the Manchester Mechanics' Institution, the Field Naturalists' Society, and other societies of a literary or scientific character. He was, for one term, president of the Microscopical Society, and upon his retirement from that body an address, signed by 120 members, was presented to him in recognition of his services in the promotion of microscopical study. On the formation of the Crypotgamic Society he became one of its vice-presidents. For two years he was a town councillor of Manchester. He also took a leading part in the erection of the Aquarium near Alexandra Park. He was one of the oldest members of the Manchester Chess Club, and in 1882 he published a small book entitled Whist: How to Play and how to Win, and another on Micro-Fungi.(7)

23rd. January Wednesday
The Right Hon. J. G. Shaw-Lefevre, M.P., H.M. Chief Commissioner of Works, was the principal guest at a soiree held at the Manchester Reform Club, on January 23. Mr. Shaw-Lefevre delivered an address on the occasion.(7)

23rd. January Wednesday
Mr. Thomas Worthington, Alderman of Manchester, died on January 23, at his residence at Swinton, in the 74th year of his age. He was, it is believed, educated for the medical profession, but commenced business as a merchant in Mosley Street, and was subsequently appointed registrar of births and deaths for St. George's District, Rochdale Road. He first entered the City Council in 1851, and continued to sit until 1860. He was again elected in 1863, and remained a member of the Council from that time until his death, being chosen an alderman in 1874. His remains were interred at the Harpurhey Cemetery on the 26th.(7)

25th. January Friday
The Right Hon. W. E. Forster, M.P., addressed a meeting of the National Reform Union, in the Free Trade Hall, January 25. A crowded audience was present.(7)

25th. January Friday
Mr. Arthur James Balfour, M.P., the second Conservative candidate for the representation of Manchester, was publicly introduced to the constituency at a banquet given in his honour at the Conservative Club, Cross Street, January 25.(7)

26th. January Saturday
Mr. J. Woodbury Craig, a native of Manchester, and for over thirty years editor of Bradshaw's Railway Guide, died at the age of fifty-two, during the week ending January 26.(7)

January
Improvements in the gas-lighting of Chapel Street, New Bailey Street, and Regent Road, Salford, were effected during January.(7)

3rd. February Sunday
Mr. Zachary Pritchard, for fourteen years the art master of the Manchester Grammar School, died February 3, at the age of forty. He was a native of Macclesfield.(7)

18th. February Monday
Jensen's cantata, The Feast of Adonis, was performed for the first time in Manchester, by the Athenĉum Musical Society, February 18.(7)

21st. February Thursday
The Corporation of Manchester decided on February 21 to subscribe £10,000 to the Manchester Ship Canal Scheme.(7)

21st. February Thursday
A bazaar was opened in the Salford Town Hall, on February 21, in aid of a fund for the restoration of St. Stephen's Church, St. Stephen Street, Salford.(7)

22nd. February Friday
Mr. Edward Westhead died at Hastings on February 22, in the 74th year of his age. He was a well-known merchant, and younger brother of Mr. Joshua Procter Brown-Westhead, M.P. Mr. Westhead was born in George Street, Manchester, in 1810. His father, Mr. Edward Westhead, with Mr. James Wood, was one of the original founders of the old Manchester firm of smallware and fringe manufacturers, Messrs. Wood and Westheads, afterwards Messrs. J. P. and E. Westhead and Co. At an early age he entered his father's business, in which, as seen, he became a partner with his elder brother, but from which he retired several years prior to his death. Like his father, Mr. Westhead was best known in Manchester as a prominent Wesleyan Methodist, and in early life was one of the first members of Grosvenor Street Chapel, Chorlton-on-Medlock. Upon the erection of Oxford Road Chapel, Mr. Westhead, with his father, brothers, Mr. James Wood, Mr. T. Percival Bunting, the late Alderman Chappell, Alderman Barnes, and other Methodists residing on the south side of Manchester, became the leading members of that congregation. Owing to the munificence of the deceased gentleman and his relatives, one of the largest, if not the largest, amount raised in aid of the "Wesleyan Centenary Fund" in any circuit in the kingdom-viz., £8,438 11s. 8d.-was subscribed in the then Third Manchester (Grosvenor Street) Circuit. In all matters pertaining to the interests and advancement of Methodism Mr. Westhead was always a warm and active friend. In the establishment of the Wesleyan Theological Institution at Didsbury, in the work of Sunday schools, and in the Wesleyan Missionary Society he evinced a very lively interest. Mr. Westhead, who married a daughter of Alderman Chappell, resided for some years at Croston Tower, Alderley Edge, but on retiring from business went to live at Surbiton, in Surrey.(7)

25th. February Monday
The music of Purcell's opera, King Arthur, was given for the first time in Manchester, at the Concert Hall, by the Fallowfield Choral Society and the band of the Manchester Amateur Dramatic Society, February 25.(7)

25th. February Monday
The Right Hon. Thomas Milner Gibson died on his yacht, at Algiers, on February 25. He was born at Trinidad in 1807, and was the son of Major Gibson of the 37th Regiment of Foot. He was educated at Charterhouse and Cambridge, being the thirty-sixth wrangler of his year. In 1832 he married the only daughter of Sir T. G. Cullum. In 1837, being a warm supporter of the Tory party, he was elected Parliamentary representative of Ipswich. In 1839 he accepted the Chiltern Hundreds, and lost his seat for Ipswich. In 1840 he became, and afterwards continued to be, one of the leaders of the Anti-Corn Law League. In 1841 he was returned for Manchester, in the Whig interest, and held his seat for the city until 1857. He was Vice-President of the Board of Trade from 1846 to 1848, during the ministry of Lord John Russell. He was identified in an especial manner with the crusade against taxes on knowledge, and in 1861 received a suitable acknowledgment from those whom he had benefited by his successful efforts to abolish the newspaper stamp and the paper duty. He was elected member for Ashton-under-Lyne in 1857, and appointed President of the Board of Trade, with a seat in the Cabinet, in 1859. This office he resigned in 1866. He withdrew from political life after losing his seat for Ashton at the general election of 1868.(7)

25th. February Monday
A demonstration of the unemployed of Manchester and Salford was held at Pomona Gardens, February 25. About 5,000 persons were present.(7)

26th. February Tuesday
A conference of persons interested in the provision of open spaces for the recreation of the people of Manchester was held in the Manchester Town Hall, February 26. Lord Brabazon was among those present.(7)

27th. February Wednesday
A new operetta, entitled The Trumpeter's Daughter, the music of which was composed by Mr, H. M. Lenz, of Manchester, was produced for the first time in Manchester, at the Arts Club, Albert Square, on February 27.(7)

27th. February Wednesday
At a meeting of the ratepayers of Salford, convened by the mayor, it was resolved to apportion to the Manchester Ship Canal Scheme a sum of one penny in the pound on the rateable value of the borough. February 27.(7)

29th. February Friday
The Rev. Thomas Steele died at Eccles, February 29. He was born in Salford, November 16, 1848, and was ordained in Rome on June 15, 1878. He was curate at the Catholic Church of Oldham. At the end of 1880 he went as Rector to St. Mary's, Bacup. He was a member of the School Board of Bacup and Newchurch-in-Rossendale.(7)

Early March
The Guatemala Consulate was, abolished in Manchester early in March.(7)

11th. March Tuesday
The House of Lords Committee on the Manchester Ship Canal Bill began its sittings on March 11.(7)

12th. March Wednesday
The case of "Hankinson and another v. Barningham and others," known as "The Pendleton Will Case," in which £400,000 were in dispute, was brought before the Probate Court on March 12, and compromised on March 14.(7)

13th. March Thursday
Mrs. Goldschmidt, mayoress of Manchester, died suddenly at her residence, Oldenburg House, Rusholme, on March 13.(7)

22nd. March Saturday
The collection of pictures and other objects of art formed by Mr. E. Compton Potter was sold in London on March 22. The sale realised £37,619.(7)

29th. March Saturday
The Ducie Bridge temporary station was closed on March 29.(7)

31st. March Monday
Lord Ernest Hamilton delivered an address at the annual meeting of the Salford Constitutional Association, in the Salford Town Hall, on March 31.(7)

1st. April Tuesday
Mr. John Harding, J.P. and D.L. of Herefordshire, died at Leamington, April 1. He was born at Manchester in 1803. He began business as a manufacturer of sewing cotton in Dawson's Croft, Deansgate, and subsequently erected the Springfield Mills, Salford. He retired from business in 1861. He was High Sheriff of Herefordshire in 1876.(7)

12th. April Saturday
Mr. Henry James Byron died, April 12, aged 49. He was the son of Mr. Henry Byron, of Port au Prince, and was born at Manchester in January, 1835. Intended for the bar, he became, at the age of 18, an actor, and afterwards was a prolific and successful dramatist. His earliest work, now excessively rare, was published in Manchester; a copy is in the public library. The author of Our Boys was also a novelist, but the real scene of Byron's triumph was the theatre, and not the circulating library.(7)

17th. April Thursday
Irwell Foundry, the premises of Messrs. H. and J. Ellis, in Hanley Street, Salford, was seriously damaged by fire on April 17. About one hundred and fifty workmen were thrown out of work through the accident.(7)

22nd. April Tuesday
A dramatic performance was given at the Prince's Theatre, on April 22, in aid of the Ben Brierley Testimonial Fund.(7)

26th. April Saturday
Signor T. Salvini, the Italian tragedian, appeared at the Prince's Theatre during the week ending April 26.(7)

29th. April Tuesday
Mr. William Bennett, a well-known Salford solicitor, died April 29. He was born in 1823.(7)

30th. April Wednesday
The Very Rev. John Oakley, D.D., was installed Dean of Manchester, April 30.(7)

April
Mr. E. Kirk Norris, of Myrtle Grove, Northenden, bequeathed by will, proved in April, to the Manchester Royal Infirmary £1,000, St. Mary's Hospital, Manchester, £500; the General Hospital, Pendlebury, £500; Royal Asylum for Imbeciles, Lancaster, £500; the Manchester Certified Industrial School, Ardwick Green, £500; the Manchester Branch Certified Industrial School, Sale, £500; Henshaw's Blind Asylum, £500; Manchester School for the Deaf and Dumb, £500; Manchester Warehousemen and Clerks' Orphan Schools, Cheadle Hulme, £500; Chester Diocesan Training College, Chester, £500: Chester Diocesan Training College, Warrington, £500; Church Pastoral Aid Society, £500; Additional Curates Society, £500; and the Church Missionary Society, £500.(7)

April
Mr. James Sorbie, calico printer, of Manchester, left by will, proved in April, to the Manchester Royal Infirmary, £300 ; Henshaw's Blind Asylum, £100; Deaf and Dumb Institution, Old Trafford, £100; Northern Counties Hospital for Chronic and Incurable Diseases, £100; Manchester Royal Eye Hospital, £100; United Kingdom Alliance, £100; Manchester Ragged and Certified Industrial Schools, £50; Ministers and Elders of Dalry, N.B, for the poor, £1,000; Minister of Dalry for the Sunday School Library, £50.(7)

1st. May Thursday
The new portion of the Victoria Station, the premises of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Company, was opened on May 1. The dimensions of the enlarged station are, length 725 feet, breadth 656 feet, and area 52,844 yards. It has now thirteen platforms, and four carriage and two foot approaches, of which the principal are those leading from Corporation Street and Strangeways. The platforms are connected by subways. The new part was designed by the chief engineer of the company, Mr. William Hunt, and is estimated to have cost, exclusive of land, about £170,000.(7)

12th. May Monday
Mr. Robert Angus Smith, Ph.D., F.R.S., died at Colwyn Bay, May 12. He was born near Glasgow in 1817, and studied chemistry at Geissen, under Liebig, from 1839 until 1841. In 1844 he settled in Manchester. In 1857 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, and was sometime President of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society. In 1873 he was appointed Inspector-General of alkali works for the United Kingdom. His published works were many, and included a Life of John Dalton, and the History of the Atomic Theory up to his Time; Air and Rain; Centenary of Science in Manchester. His remains were interred in St. Paul's Churchyard, Kersal. There is a biographical sketch of him in the Proceedings of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society.(7)

23rd. May Friday
The Manchester Ship Canal Bill was passed by the House of Lords Committee on May 23.(7)

26th. May Monday
The will of Mr. Asa Lees, of Ashton-under-Lyne, who died May 26, was proved during August, and included, among other bequests, two of £10,000 each to the Lancashire Independent College and the Owens College.(7)

May
Mr. J. Holden, the architect of Prestwich Lunatic Asylum and of the former restorations of the Manchester Cathedral, died in May, at the age of eighty-one.(7)

2nd. June Monday
The Rev. Thomas Rothwell Bently, M.A., Honorary Canon of the Manchester Cathedral, and rector of St. Matthew's, Campfield, for forty-four years, died June 2. He was born in London in 1806. He was one of the first members of the committee for the establishment of the Free Library at Campfield, and was also closely connected for over thirty years with the management of St. Mary's Hospital, Quay Street. He was interred in the vault beneath St. Matthew's Church.(7)

2nd. June Monday
St. James's Theatre, Oxford Street, was opened June 2.(7)

4th. June Wednesday
Mr. Charles Hadfield, author and journalist, died June 4, in his sixty-third year. He was a native of Glossop, but came to Manchester while young. Although originally trained to the business of house-painting, his tastes led him to adopt the profession of literature. He was a frequent contributor, to numerous local papers, and was successively editor of the Manchester City News, Warrington Examiner, and Salford Weekly News.(7)

11th. June Wednesday
Rev. William Gaskell, M.A., died, June 11. He was born in 1805, and in 1828 became one of the ministers of Cross Street Chapel, a position which he held until his death. The lectures on the Lancashire dialect which he published in 1854 were first read as notes to the Literary and Philosophical Society. He found little time for original authorship beyond the preparation of his discourses, which he read from shorthand notes. He published in 1839 a small volume of Temperance Rhymes, which had considerable popular approval, and in 1859 a volume of Life and Letters of Mr. John Ashton Nicholls, and many sermons on special occasions. He is buried in the chapel yard at Knutsford, by the side of his wife, the authoress of Mary Barton.(7)

21st. June Saturday
A great demonstration, in favour of the Manchester Ship Canal Bill, was held at Pomona Gardens, June 21. It was estimated that about fifty thousand persons were present.(7)

28th. June Saturday
The Salford, Pendleton, and Broughton Reporter, formerly issued as the Pendleton Reporter, was published June 28. (See under date April 19, 1879.)(7)

29th. June Sunday
The Rev. Henry M. Birch, M.A., Canon of Ripon Cathedral, and formerly Rector of Prestwich, near Manchester, died at Windsor, June 29, in his sixty-fourth year. He was at one time the tutor of the Prince of Wales, and was always a welcome guest at Sandringham, even when he no longer held that office. His remains were interred in Prestwich Churchyard.(7)

June
The Exchange Station, erected by the London and North Western Railway Company, in lieu of the quarters which they had previously occupied at Hunt's Bank; was first opened in June. The building, which was designed by Mr. Francis Stevenson, the engineer-in-chief of the company, is in the modern classical style, having a length of 800 feet, a breadth of 250 feet, and an area of 200,000 feet. It has two approaches, one from Chapel Street, Salford, the other from Victoria Street, Manchester. Placed, as it is, directly opposite the west end of the Cathedral, and on the Salford side of the Irwell, it occupies a commanding position, and improves, in no small degree, the general appearance of that part of the city.(7)

5th. July Saturday
The Queen's Park Museum, erected by the Manchester Corporation at a cost of £6,000, was opened by the Right Hon. A. J. Mundella, M.P., July 5.(7)

7th. July Monday
The new Higher Grade Board School, in Deansgate, was opened by the Right Hon. A. J. Mundella, M.P., July 7. The building is of the early Gothic style, and was erected at a cost of £30,000.(7)

13th. July Sunday
Mr. George Anderton, for some time a town councillor of Manchester, a director of the Victoria Building Society, and otherwise well-known in Manchester, died at Southport, July 13.(7)

16th. July Wednesday
Mr. Thomas Hayes found dead in the Bridgewater Canal, near Patricroft, July 16. He was born about 1818, and was for many years engaged in the old book trade, and amassed property amounting to about £16,000. In 1857 he married, and subsequently adopted Mr. William Tatham, then a boy of about 14, whom he educated. He made a draft of a will, by which he left his property to his wife for life, after which Mr. Tatham was to receive £10,000, the remainder to go to the founding of two scholarships at the Owens College, Manchester. As the will could not be found, his next-of-kin claimed, and the case was tried April 16, 1885. Mr. Hayes was careless about his papers, and it was therefore assumed that he had destroyed the document. After evidence in support of Mr. Tatham's case, counsel for defendant intimated that he did not feel in a position to further contest the case, and the court accordingly pronounced for the will, allowing the defendant his costs out of the estate.(7)

23rd. July Wednesday
Rev. Charles Marshall, M.A., Rector of Harpurhey, died July 23. He was born at Ely, 1820, and educated at St. Bees, 1843, but received the M.A. degree from the Archbishop of Canterbury, 1850, and became Rector of Harpurhey in 1854. In 1882 he edited The Latin Prayer Book of Charles II.(7)

26th. July Saturday
A great Liberal demonstration was held at Pomona Gardens, July 26. The Marquis of Hartington and the Right Hon. John Bright addressed the meeting. About 20,000 persons were present.(7)

Early August
Miss A. C. Clough, niece of Mr. James Crossley, died early in August. She was the writer of Cranleigh of Cranleigh and other sketches.(7)

1st. August Friday
The Manchester Skip Canal Bill was rejected by the Select Committee of the House of Commons, August 1.(7)

7th. August Thursday
47 and 48 Victoria, cap. 215. Act to confirm certain Provisional Orders of the Local Government Board relating to the borough of Abervon, the Local Government Districts of Brighouse, Denton and Haughton, and the city of Manchester. August 7.(7)

9th. August Saturday
A great Conservative demonstration was held at Pomona Gardens, August 9. The Marquis of Salisbury and Lord R. Churchill addressed the meeting.(7)

11h. August Monday
Mr. Warwick Brookes died August 11, in the seventy-third year of his age. He was born in Salford, and at an early age apprenticed as a pattern-designer, In 1849 he began to exhibit at the Royal Institution, by sending a series of sketches illustrating the Journal of a Poor Vicar. His sketches and studies of children were his speciality, and were always an attraction at the Institution. In 1868 he was elected a member of the Manchester Academy of Fine Arts. In 1871 he was, upon the recommendation of Mr. Gladstone, placed upon the Civil List, "in consideration of his talent as an artist," and from that time received the annual pension of £100. His remains were interred at Brooklands Cemetery on August 16.(7)

20th. August Wednesday
Mr. William Rayner Wood, J.P., and a deputy-lieutenant, died at his residence, Singleton Lodge, Bury Old Road, August 20. Mr. Wood was born on August 26, 1811, at Platt, and in 1822 he entered the Grammar School in this city. He was prepared by the late Rev. John James Tayler, B.A., for Manchester College, York, which he entered as a lay student in 1829, and pursued his studies there three years, and for a long series of years afterwards he filled various offices in connection with that institution. He was always most sedulous in the discharge of his magisterial duties. Some years ago he was a member of the Manchester Chamber of Commerce and the Commercial Association. In these capacities and as a director of the Manchester Savings Bank, he rendered valuable service to his native city. Impaired health for some time interfered with the discharge of those public duties to which through a long period of years he devoted himself with remarkable zeal. In 1841 he married Sarah Jane, daughter of the late Mr. James M'Connel, of Manchester.(7)

31st. August Sunday
Rev. Peter Rathbone Berry died at Fleetwood, August 31, at the age of thirty-nine. He was a native of Warrington, and in 1874 became Congregational minister at Fleetwood, and in 1877 accepted the pastorate of the New Windsor Congregational Church. He is buried at Salford Cemetery.(7)

August
The will of the late Mr. R. Clayton Mercer, of Accrington, proved during August, included the following bequests: To the Victoria University £1,000, to the Manchester Eye Hospital £500, to the Manchester Infirmary £500.(7)

15th. September Monday
Mr. John Hardy, a gentleman well-known as an active member of several scientific societies in Manchester, died September 15, in his sixty-seventh year.(7)

17th. September Wednesday
Mr. Sam Mendel died, in his seventy-third year, at Balham, September 17. He was born in Liverpool, but was brought to Manchester while very young. His first employment was in the warehouse of Mr. B. Liebert, of Bow Street, and, on behalf of his employer, he subsequently travelled to Hamburg and South America. He next began business on his own account, and in a few years became one of the leading merchants in Manchester, being frequently styled the "Merchant Prince." His residence, Manley Hall, Whalley Range, was a magnificent establishment. In his latter years Mr. Mendel resided at Chislehurst.(7)

29th. September Monday
The new offices of the Manchester Diocesan Church Building Society, in South King Street, were opened on September 29. The building, which is of late Gothic style, was erected at a cost of about £11,000.(7)

September
The Manchester City Lantern, a weekly satirical journal, ceased to be published in September.(7)

September
The Cheshire Lines Railway Company opened a new line from Manchester to Southport. September.(7)

September
The new General Post Office of Manchester was opened in September. This building, erected from the designs of Mr. Williams, surveyor to H.M. Board of Works, at a cost of about £120,000, is one of the most imposing structures in the city. It is in the modern classical style, with separate fronts, one in Spring Gardens, the other in Brown Street, and is built of brown Portland stone. The extreme length is 246 feet, breadth 122 feet, and area 3,334 yards. The contractors were Messrs. Robert Neill and Sons.(7)

16th. October Thursday
The Manchester Ratepayers' Association was inaugurated October 16. The objects of the association were "to protect the ratepayers, and to use all legitimate means to secure economy and efficiency in the conduct of municipal and parochial affairs."(7)

25th. October Saturday
Mr. Henry M. Stanley, the celebrated African explorer, visited Manchester during the week ending October 25. On the 21st he delivered an address on the Congo trade to the members of the Chamber of Commerce, and on the 22nd, in the Free Trade Hall, delivered another on geographical science, to the members of the Manchester Athenĉum and of the new Manchester Geographical Society.(7)

26th. October Sunday
Mr. Robert Ramsbottom, the eminent pisciculturist, died, October 26, in Manchester, at the house of his son, after two days' illness, the cause of death being bronchitis. He had a world-wide reputation as an angler and pisciculturist. He wrote The Salmon and its Artificial Propagation. He was 74 years of age, and a native of Lower Darwen. He is buried at Clitheroe Cemetery.(7)

31st. October Friday
The Bradford-cum-Beswick Tollbar was removed October 31.(7)

October
The first number of the Medical Chronicle, a Manchester monthly journal, was published in October.(7)

1st. November Saturday
Mr. John F. Robinson, for some time the naturalist assistant to the curator of the Owens College Museum, died at Frodsham, November 1. He was the author of a book on British Bee Farming.(7)

2nd. November Sunday
Mr. William Harrison, F.S.A., died at his residence, Rockmount, Kirk German, Isle of Man, November 2. Mr. Harrison was the son of Mr. Isaac Harrison, and was born at Green Bank, Salford, on December 11, 1802. Having acquired a fortune in mercantile pursuits he retired in 1842 to the Isle of Man. He was a member of the Old House of Keys from 1856 till its dissolution in 1867, and was made a magistrate in 1872. He was one of the founders of the "Manx Society," and edited fifteen of the thirty-one volumes issued by that body.(7)

8th. November Saturday
The twenty-fifth anniversary of the Manchester and Salford Co-operative Society was celebrated by a tea party at Belle Vue, November 8, when ten thousand persons were present. The principal speakers were Dean Oakley, Sir E. W. Watkin, and Mr. Daniel Adamson. The foundation of the society is recorded under date June 4, 1859. The total sales up to September 22, 1884, had been £2,912,984. The Co-operative Hall, Downing Street, with branch stores in Great Ancoats, Cheetham Hill, Chapel Street, Salford, Oldham Road, Chester Road, Stretford Road, Gorton, Moss Lane West, Ashton New Road, Longsight, Hyde Road, Higher Openshaw, Strangeways, Rochdale Road, Regent Road, and Denmark Road had been opened.(7)

15th. November Saturday
A grand military bazaar was held in the St. James's Hall, during the week ending November 15, in aid of the First Manchester Rifle Volunteers.(7)

16th. November Sunday
Miss Thackeray, a well-known Salford lady, died November 16, in her eighty-fifth year.(7)

19th. November Wednesday
Rev. William Knox died November 19. He was born at Canterbury, December 8, 1818, and after some years spent as a land surveyor he became a minister, first amongst the Wesleyans and then with the Congregationalists. At the time of his death he was pastor of Chapel Street Chapel, Salford, and Nonconformist chaplain of the Salford Cemetery. The evening before he died he preached a funeral sermon for an aged member of the congregation, and on giving out the hymn "Abide with me," mentioned that it was written after an evening service and within a few hours of its author's death. Mr. Knox died in like manner. He is buried in the Salford Cemetery.(7)

24th. November Monday
Kay Howarth and H. H. Swindells were executed in Strangeways Gaol, November 24, for the murder of Mr. R. Dugdale.(7)

25th. November Tuesday
Miss Susanna Winkworth died November 25, at Clifton, Bristol. She was the eldest daughter of the late Mr. Henry Winkworth, of Manchester. Her name is well known in the literary world by her translations of Neibuhr's Life and Letters, the Theologia Germanica of Dr. John Tauler, with additional notices of his life and times, the continuation of the Life of Luther begun by Archdeacon Hare, and Professor Max Muller's beautiful little book entitled German Love. She was in early life the pupil of the late Rev. W. Gaskell and the Rev. Dr. Martineau, and in later life the friend of the Hares, Maurice, Charles Kingsley, the Rev. Canon Percival, and more especially of Baron Bunsen. Seeing her remarkable power of apprehending and rendering into forcible English the subtle workings of the German theological mind, Bunsen entrusted to her the translation of his Signs of the Times and his God in History. She was the elder sister of Catherine Winkworth, the author of Lyra Germanica. Devoted from her earliest days to practical work among the poor, and always aiming at methods which should help without pauperising, she was among the first in Bristol to grapple with the problem which has lately occupied so much public attention, the provision of wholesome dwellings for the labouring classes in great cities. For some years she rented houses and let, them out in tenements, and afterwards formed the company which built the well-known Jacob's Well industrial dwellings in a poor part of Bristol. Working on the lines which Miss Octavia Hill has made so familiar to the public, she continued the management of this property to the time of her death. She was a governor of the Red Maids' School in Bristol, and a member of the council of Cheltenham Ladies' College.(7)

26th. November Wednesday
Mr. John Goodier, registrar and superintendent of the Consolidated Stock and Registered Bonds Department of the city of Manchester, died November 26, aged 50 years. He was born and educated at Macclesfield, and entered the employment of the Corporation of Manchester in January, 1851, when he was appointed a clerk in the Waterworks Office. Previous to that time he was in the service of the old waterworks company, whose undertaking was purchased by the Corporation. In August, 1854, he was transferred to the City Treasurer's Department, where he became cashier; and in September, 1876, he was placed at the head of the newly-formed Consolidated Stock and Registered Bonds Department. He wrote some letters under the pseudonym of "Statist," and read a paper on "Municipal Finance" before the Manchester Statistical Society.(7)

8th. December Monday
Mr. Samuel Robinson died at Wilmslow, December 8, at the age of ninety-one. He was born at Manchester, and educated at Manchester New College, and although almost throughout his life engaged in business pursuits, yet obtained a high position in literature by his translations from the German and Persian, which included Schiller's William Tell; Schiller's Minor Poems; Specimens of the German Lyrics; Persian Translations, in six volumes; A Century of Ghazels; and Persian Poetry for English Readers.(7)

12th. December Friday
Mr. George Bedson died at Bradford House, Manchester, December 12. He was born at Sutton Coldfield, near Birmingham, and was brought up to the iron trade, and left South Staffordshire for Warrington, and after some years came to Manchester, where he was connected with Messrs. Johnson Brothers, of the Bradford Ironworks, of which, to the very last, and for a period of over thirty years, he was the technical manager. He greatly benefited this establishment by the invention, among other matters, of his patent continuous wire rolling mill. This not only revolutionised the English wire mills but was also successful in the United States, and has been to the advantage of all the telegraphic companies of the world, as it enabled them to obtain wire in exceedingly long lengths, without the troublesome joints which were formerly necessary. Mr. Bedson was an advanced Liberal. He was a member of the Bradford Local Board, of which he was for some time chairman. He was buried in the churchyard at Marple.(7)

13th. December Saturday
Mr. George Webster Napier died at Merchistown, Alderley Edge, December 13. He was an enthusiastic bookseller, and was born at Manchester in January, 1825. He read before the Manchester Literary Club, in February, 1879, a paper on the authorship of Imitatio Christi, and in favour of the claims of Gerson. He exhibited at the same time his valuable collection of the editions of the work, including the E. P. printed at Augsburg about 1471. Mr. Napier was buried at Alderley. His valuable library was sold by auction.(7)

20th. December Saturday
Mr. Henry Beecroft Jackson died at his residence, Basford House, Old Trafford, December 20. He was born at Etruria, in Staffordshire, December 26, 1810. At fourteen years of age he came to Manchester, and remained in the service of his uncle, Mr. Jonathan Jackson twelve years. Subsequently he accepted an engagement with Mr. W. Crossley, York Street, shipping merchant, and upon Mr. Crossley's death became sole proprietor of the business, in which he acquired a fortune. Though baptised and brought up in the Church of England, after he had been in Manchester several years, finding some of his warmest friends in that connexion, he became a Wesleyan Methodist, but left that body after the expulsion of Messrs. Everett, Dunn, and Griffiths, and again attached himself to the Church of England. He was one of the first members of the board of finance of this diocese, and for several years one of the vice-presidents of the Manchester Diocesan Church Building Society. He was also a trustee of St. Paul's Church, Hulme, an earnest member of the committee of the Manchester City Mission, took a deep interest in the Young Men's Christian Association; was formerly a deputy treasurer, and latterly a member of the board of management of the Manchester Royal Infirmary, and a member of the committee of management of the Royal Lunatic Asylum at Cheadle. He was a friend of education and for five years, 1873-74 to 1878-79, placed £250 annually at the disposal of the council of the Owens College for the promotion of evening classes. He also gave a donation of £1,000 to the extension scheme of the Owens College. He took an active part in promoting the candidature of Mr. Mitchell Henry for the representation of this city in the elections of 1867 and 1868, being chairman of Mr. Mitchell Henry's committee. Since then, and in consequence of his attitude on those occasions, Mr. Jackson had been asked to become a candidate for Manchester; he had also been asked to stand for his native county, but declined both invitations. He is buried at St. Paul's, Kersal.(7)

21st. December Sunday
The order of lay deacons was first put into force in the diocese of Manchester on December 21. The nature of the order is that those ordained to it perform, without pay, most of the usual clerical duties, and are allowed at the same time to carry on their secular callings.(7)

22nd. December Monday
The Comedy Theatre, in Peter Street, was opened on December 22. The building, which is of Italian Gothic style, was erected and furnished at a cost of £15,000, and has accommodation for two thousand persons.(7)

23rd. December Tuesday
The sixty-seventh annual meeting in connection with the Manchester and Salford Savings Bank was held on December 23, the Bishop of Manchester presiding. The following table shows the gradual increase of the business of the bank since its establishment in 1818:- 

At November 20

No. of Depositors Balance due to Depositors
1818 446 £4,618 14s. 5½d.
1823 2,195 £68,343 3s. 5d.
1833 7,479 £217,497 16s. 9½
1843 17,866 £488,824 19s. 1d.
1853 24,731 £857,963 4s. 1d.
1863 48,795 £1,287,132 13s. 1d.
1873 52,702 £1,455,606 17s. 9d.
1883 67,665 £2,058,369 17s. 8d.
1884 70,883 £2,236,530 9s. 8d.

(7)

26th. December Friday
The corn mills of Messrs. H. Render and Co., Stanley Street, Salford, took fire on December 26. The damage was estimated at from £15,000 to £20,000.(7)

December
Mrs. Charles Leigh Clare died in December. She bequeathed £10,000 to the Boys and Girls' Homes, and smaller sums to various other local charities.(7)