1885       

6th. January Tuesday
Mr. Val Prinsep distributed the prizes to the students of the Manchester School of Art. January 6.(7)

9th. January Friday
A case came before the Manchester Police Court, which involved the question of the charges made by the Corporation for the services of the Fire Brigade. The stipendiary magistrate decided that the claim was excessive, and reduced it from £31 to £4 10s. This was a test case. January 9.(7)

12th. January Monday
Mr. Daniel Noble, M.D., an eminent physician, died at his residence, Oxford Road, January 12. He was born at Preston on the 1st of January, 1810, and in 1834 began a successful career in Manchester. He was an M.D. of St. Andrews 1853, an F.R.C.P.Lond. 1859, and in 1860 received from St. Andrew's University the degree of Honorary M.A. During the typhus epidemic of 1847 he placed the city under great obligations to him for the energy with which he endeavoured to suppress the growth of that fever. In 1859 he was appointed a magistrate for Lancashire. He wrote numerous works, including The Brain and its Physiology, The Human Mind in its Relations with the Brain and the Nervous System, and The Epidemic Fever of 1847. He was offered, but declined, the position of J.P. He was buried at the Salford Cemetery.(7)

13th. January Tuesday
Hon. T. H. W. Pelham, a commissioner, and Captain M. W. Skinner, an assistant-commissioner, under the Redistribution of Seats Bill, held an inquiry at the Manchester Town Hall as to the proposed boundaries of the six divisions of the Parliamentary borough. January 13.(7)

14th. January Wednesday
Hon. T. H. W. Pelham and Captain Skinner held an inquiry at the Salford Town Hall respecting the three divisions of the Parliamentary borough. January 14.(7)

15th. January Thursday
The library of the late Dr. R. Angus Smith was presented to the Owens College, January 15.(7)

15th. January Thursday
A meeting of the trustees of Manchester New College was held at the Memorial Hall, when the retirement of Dr. Martineau was announced, January 15.(7)

17th. January Saturday
Mr. Robert Barbour died at Bolesworth Castle, January 17, in his 88th year. He was a native of Renfrewshire, but came to Manchester in 1815, and was one of the group of Scotchmen who built the first Scotch Presbyterian Church in St. Peter's Square. He amassed a large fortune in the Manchester trade, and was a liberal contributor to charitable and ecclesiastical purposes. On one occasion he gave £12,000 for the foundation of a professorship in the Presbyterian College in London.(7)

19th. January Monday
The Earl of Wilton died at Egerton Lodge, Melton Mowbray, January 19. He was born 25th November, 1833, and was educated at Eton and Oxford. After a brief service he retired from the army, but took a warm interest in the volunteer movement. He was in the House of Commons, but after his defeat at Bath he was called to the House of Lords by the style of Baron Grey de Redcliffe. He married, in 1855, Lady Elizabeth Craven, who survived him. He was buried at Prestwich Church.(7)

25th. January Sunday
Mr. Henry Franks died, Sunday, January 25. He was a man of great ability but erratic conduct. He contributed to many of the local periodicals, but his best work is to be found in the Papers of the Manchester Literary Club, in which appeared essays on "The Waste of Intellect among the Jews," &c.(7)

26th. January Sunday
Mr. Thomas Hornby Birley, J.P., died at Seedley Castle, Pendleton, January 26. He was born at Didsbury, 11th May, 1815, and was the senior partner in the firm of Messrs. Charles Macintosh and Co. He took an active interest in charitable organisations and in the work of the Church of England. He declined a baronetcy offered by Lord Beaconsfield.(7)

27th. January Sunday
The first meeting of the Manchester Geographical Society was held at the Athenĉum, January 27. Mr. J. F. Hutton presided, and Lord Aberdare was present as the representative of the Royal Geographical Society.(7)

27th. January Sunday
The result of the poll on the City Extension Bill was declared. There were 25,657 votes for and 1,301 against. January 27.(7)

28th. January Sunday
Mr. Tom Nash, M.A., barrister, died by his own hand, January 28, aged 40 years. He was educated at the Manchester Grammar School and at Balliol College, Oxford. After taking his degrees he spent some time as tutor at Oxford, and at Rossall College, near Fleetwood. He there began to read for the bar, and became a contributor to the Echo and other papers. He was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1872, joined the Northern Circuit, and obtained an extensive practice in Manchester. He took an active interest in politics, and wrote a series of letters on political subjects under the name of "Tom Palatine." He was also the author of A Long Love and other Tales, published in 1881. He was selected as the Conservative candidate for the representation of Stockport, but withdrew his candidature on removing to London in 1882.(7)

30th. January Friday
Mr. John Curtis, better known by his theatrical name of John Curtis Cowper, died at his residence, Barnes, Surrey, January 30. He was born in 1825, at Port Street, Manchester, where his father was a painter, decorator, and builder. He was an early member of the Manchester Athenĉum, and at one time a very active director. In 1846 he married a daughter of Mr. William Carruthers, of Carruthers and Co., cotton spinners, Ancoats, and was one of a circle of young men which included Hepworth Dixon, Sir John Holker, John Ashton Nicholls, and W. Romaine Callender, M.P. When the Manchester Shaksperean Society was formed Curtis joined it and played in several amateur performances. His theatrical tastes did not harmonise with his business avocations-he was in the wholesale and retail American provision trade-and in 1856 he went upon the stage in a professional capacity. In this new line of life he acquired a high and well-deserved reputation, especially in what are termed character parts.(7)

1st. February Sunday
At a meeting of Irishmen in the Free Trade Hall, February 1, Mr. John O'Leary vigorously denounced the Irish dynamiters, in spite of some expressions of sympathy for them amongst his audience.(7)

3rd. February Tuesday
A largely-attended meeting of Roman Catholics was held in the New Islington Hall, Ancoats, February 3, in support of the Catholic Voluntary School Association. The object of the association was to obtain the removal of grievances to which it was considered Catholic schools were subjected as compared with Board schools. Addresses on the subject were delivered by Canon Liptrott, who presided, and several of the clergy, and resolutions in accordance with the purpose of the meeting were unanimously passed.(7)

10th. February Tuesday
A conference was held at the Manchester Town Hall on railway rates and charges. Twenty-six corporations of Lancashire and Cheshire were represented. Alderman J. J. Harwood, Mayor of Manchester, presided. Feb. 10.(7)

10th. February Tuesday
Rev. Capel Wolseley died at Southport, February 10. He was the rector of Sacred Trinity, Salford. Mr. Wolseley, who was born at Glenarm, October 10, 1814, was first cousin to Lord Wolseley.(7)

17th. February Tuesday
A bust of Dr. John Watts was presented to the Manchester Reform Club, February 17.(7)

17th. February Tuesday
The Earl of Dunraven delivered an address, at the Hulme Town Hall, on "The Depression of Trade," February 17.(7)

22nd. February Sunday
Mr. Gilbert Yorston died at Urmston, February 22, aged 68 years. He was at one time a member of the Salford Town Council, and was for a series of years chairman of the Board of Guardians.(7)

22nd. February Sunday
Mr. Matthew Bateson Wood, solicitor, died at Fallowfield, February 22, aged 62 years. He was a native of Liverpool, where his father, a Wesleyan minister, was stationed at the time of his birth. Mr. Wood was educated at the Grammar School, and had a successful professional career. He gave much time to the work of the medical charities, and was the originator of the Concerts for Workpeople. He was also president of the Manchester Chess Club. He is buried at Birch Church. His eldest sister, Mrs. Mary Ann Everett Green, has earned a high reputation for her historical researches.(7)

23rd. February Monday
At a meeting of the Manchester School Board, February 23, a letter from Mr. James Croston was read announcing his resignation. This having been accepted, Mr. George Milner, the Rev. John Henn, and the Rev. Joseph Nunn successively rose to announce their resignations. Mr. Nunn did not subsequently persevere in his withdrawal.(7)

23rd. February Monday
A meeting of owners and ratepayers of Bradford was held, February 23, to consider the proposed amalgamation with Manchester. The resolution in favour was carried by 55 to 38 hands.(7)

24th. February Tuesday
Alderman Thomas Steven Muirhead died at Prestwich, February 24, aged 58 years. He was a native of Edinburgh, where he was born in 1827. He had been a member of the Manchester Corporation since 1867.(7)

28th. February Saturday
The Welshmen residing in Manchester celebrated St. David's Day on February 28 by dining together at the Queen's Hotel. Mr. Osborne Morgan, Q.C., M.P., presided.(7)

6th. March Friday
Ameeting of owners and ratepayers of Newton Heath respecting incorporation with Manchester was held on March 6, when a vote was passed in favour of amalgamation.(7)

7th. March Saturday
Major Frank Ashton died at Twickenham, March 7, aged 63 years. He was born at Manchester, June 12, 1820. He was mayor of Salford, 1851-3. His interest in the volunteer movement led to his appointment, in 1859, as the first captain of the Sixth Lancashire (First Manchester) Rifle Volunteers, of which he was afterwards Major.(7)

9th. March Monday
Rev. James White, M.A., died at Sloley House, Scotton, Norfolk, on March 9, in the 97th year of his age. He was the youngest brother of Henry Kirke White, and in 1827 was licensed to the Church of St. George's-in-the-Fields, Oldham Road. He left Manchester in the summer of 1841.(7)

12th. March Thursday
The inquiry into the merits of the amended Ship Canal scheme was commenced by a Select Committee of the House of Lords, March 12.(7)

17th. March Tuesday
Sir Thomas Bazley, Bart., died at Lytham, March 17, aged 87 years. He was born at Gilnow, near Bolton, and educated at the Bolton Grammar School. In the commercial world he was well known as the proprietor of factories for the spinning of fine cotton and lace thread. In connection with his public career it may be mentioned that he was formerly boroughreeve for Salford, and at one time a member of the Manchester Town Council. In 1845 he was elected president of the Manchester Chamber of Commerce. He was one of the royal commissioners of the Great Exhibition of 1851. In 1858 he was elected M.P. for Manchester; this honour was repeated at the general elections in the years 1859, 1865, 1868, and 1874. In 1869 he was created a baronet for his public services. He is buried at St. John's, Deansgate.(7)

17th. March Tuesday
At a meeting held March 17 in the Mayor's Parlour at the Manchester Town Hall, Mr. Ben Brierley was presented with a testimonial to mark the esteem in which his life and writings are held in Lancashire and elsewhere. The testimonial consisted of a cheque for £650 (contained in an old stocking), and it was handed to Mr. Brierley by the Mayor. Mr. Brierley, in returning thanks, gave some interesting details of his literary career.(7)

25th. March Wednesday
A Local Government Board inquiry was held at the Town Hall, respecting a proposed provisional order to alter or amend certain powers of the Corporation. March 25.(7)

25th. March Wednesday
A poll was taken in Newton Heath on proposed amalgamation with Manchester, March 25. The votes for amalgamation, 845; against, 1,227 majority against, 382.(7)

25th. March Wednesday
Professor Morrison Watson, M.D., F.R.S., died March 25, aged 39. He was born at Montrose, and graduated at Edinburgh in 1867. In 1874 he was appointed Professor of Anatomy at the Owens College, and at the time of his death was dean of the medical department. He was the author of numerous contributions to scientific societies and journals. His most important work was a report on the Anatomy of Spheniscidĉ, forming the seventh volume of the Reports of the Challenger Expedition.(7)

25th. March Wednesday
Mr. A. J. Balfour, M P., delivered an address March 25 before the members of the Debating Society of the Manchester Athenĉum on the subject of "Politics and Political Economy,"(7)

30th. March Monday
Mr. George Candelet died at Cheadle Hulme, March 30. He was secretary of the Manchester Licensed Victuallers Association, and Parliamentary agent of the Licensed Victuallers' Defence League. A national testimonial showed the value which the trade placed upon his services as their recognised champion. He is buried at All Saints', Cheadle Hulme.(7)

31st. March Tuesday
A poll was taken in Rusholme with respect to the incorporation of that district with Manchester, March 31. The votes for incorporation were 896; against, 465; majority, 431.(7)

1st. April Wednesday
The National Reform Union held its annual meeting April 1. In the evening there was a public meeting at the Free Trade Hall, at which the principal speaker was the Earl of Rosebery.(7)

7th. April Tuesday
Mr. T. H. Drew died suddenly April 7. He was seized with illness, supposed to be heart disease, while walking near the Royal Infirmary, and died shortly afterwards. Mr. Drew took a prominent part some years ago in the agitation against the alteration made by Dean Cowie in the Cathedral services, and was for several years junior churchwarden.(7)

10th. April Friday
Rev. Edmund Martin Geldart, M.A., disappeared from the tidal boat from Newhaven to Dieppe, April 10. Although born in Holloway, his childhood and youth were passed in Manchester, where his father was the secretary of the City Mission. He was educated at the Grammar School, and took orders in the Anglican Church, but afterwards joined the Unitarian denomination, and was minister of the East Croydon Church, where his views on Socialism led to his resignation. This is said to have preyed upon his mind. He wrote a clever book of autobiography, entitled A Son of Belial, and several works relating to the language and literature of Modern Greece, on which he was an acknowledged authority. When a youth at the Grammar School he was the editor of the Weekly Entomologist, which was printed at Bowdon.(7)

12th. April Sunday
Mr. Smith Phillips Robinson died at Bank Place, Salford, April 12, in his 77th year. He was the honorary secretary of the Anti-Corn Law League, and in that position showed remarkable powers of organisation. He withdrew from public life after the elections of 1857, and largely, it is believed, in consequence of the attacks then levelled against him. He is buried at Stand Unitarian Church.(7)

13th. April Monday
Mr. John Stordy died, April 13, aged upwards of 70 years. He had been a member of the Chorlton Board of Guardians since 1866, and in 1883 was elected chairman. He is buried at St. Luke's, Cheetham.(7)

14th. April Tuesday
A conference was held in the Manchester Town Hall, under the presidency of Lord Aberdare, to consider the subject of elementary education under healthy conditions, April 14, 15, and 16. The papers and proceedings were published in book form.(7)

15th. April Wednesday
The Select Committee of the House of Lords on the Ship Canal Bill came to a decision, April 15, on the engineering evidence. At the close of Mr. Pember's address, in which he asked their lordships to come to the conclusion that the engineering objections to the bill had failed, the Committee consulted in private, and then announced that they had decided to allow the bill to proceed.(7)

16th. April Thursday
The Right Hon. Joseph Chamberlain received, at the Board of Trade, a deputation from the Manchester Chamber of Commerce on the subject of trade marks, particularly as regards the cotton trade, April 16. They complained that the working of the Manchester office under the new conditions had been unsatisfactory, and asked that all applications prior to registration should be fully dealt with in Manchester.(7)

16th. April Thursday
The Earl of Carnarvon visited the Manchester Conservative Club, April 16, and there delivered a speech.(7)

18th. April Saturday
At the Manchester Assizes, April 18, the Grand Jury, in the course of the day, made a presentment with regard to the accommodation at the Assize Courts for prisoners awaiting trial. They suggested that the whole of the questions raised in the charge of Mr. Justice Wills, which related both to the nature of the accommodation and the mode in which it had been used, should be made a subject of special inquiry at the Quarter Sessions.(7)

18th. April Saturday
A conference of representatives of working men's clubs, trade unions, co-operative societies, and others was held at the Owens College, April 18, under the auspices of the Manchester and Salford Working Men's Club Association, to consider the arrangements made by the council of the association for extending its scheme of lectures to the working classes next winter, somewhat on the line of the London Social and Political Education League. About 300 delegates were in attendance. Mr. Goschen, M.P., delivered an address.(7)

19th. April Sunday
The American papers recorded the death, on April 19, by suicide, of Dr. David Stern, a well-known preacher and writer of the "reformed" branch of the Jewish Church. Dr. Stern was a native of Manchester, but was chiefly educated in Poland. About 1873 he went to the United States, where he acquired the character of a hard student, but was regarded as somewhat vacillating and uncertain. His views became more and more "radical," so that he was looked upon as drifting to agnosticism. He went to the Southern States, but only to raise up enemies. Afterwards he stayed for a time at Peoria, Illinois, and then at St. Louis, where he edited the Jewish Tribune and started a series of Sunday lectures. Both the paper and the lectures were continued at Wilkesbarre, where he preached for four or five years, but eventually he gave up the pastorate there in consequence of his broadening views. He also for a time lectured on alternate Sundays in the Reformed Jewish Church of Philadelphia. A similar experiment in New York, although it attracted a considerable share of attention, was not permanently successful. On the 18th of April he arrived at the Wyoming Valley Hotel from Philadelphia, and before going to bed chatted pleasantly with the night clerk. Next morning, at ten o'clock, the chamber-maid found his door locked, and she heard groans. The clerk was called and broke the door open, and found Dr. Stern lying on the bed, apparently lifeless. Two empty vials and a third half empty stood on a table near by. They were labelled laudanum. Physicians were hastily summoned, but their efforts were fruitless, and he died at 9-10 a.m. the next morning.(7)

21st. April Tuesday
Mr. Holt S. Hallett addressed a meeting of the Manchester Chamber of Commerce, April 21, on the commercial opportunities offered by the Shan States, which he has recently been exploring.(7)

23rd. April Thursday
Mr. James Curtis Emerson, for many years manager of the Queen's Theatre, was entertained to dinner at the Queen's Hotel on his retirement, in consequence of the expiration of the lease. Mr. J. W. Maclure presided. April 23.(7)

28th. April Tuesday
The application of the Manchester Corporation to insert in the City Extension Bill an additional provision to incorporate the district of Rusholme was opposed before the Standing Orders Committee of the House of Lords by the Withington Local Board. The Committee decided to allow the bill to proceed with the additional provision. April 28.(7)

April
The South Manchester Gazette was established in April.(7)

1st. May Friday
Professor C. M. Woodward, Principal of the Manual Training School at. St. Louis, gave an address at the Technical School on "Manual Training," as a part of national education. May 1.(7)

4th. May Monday
The Select Committee of the House of Lords on the Manchester City Extension Bill decided to exempt Newton Heath from the operation of the measure, May 4.(7)

7th. May Thursday
The Ship Canal Bill passed the House of Lords Committee, after an inquiry which had lasted thirty days, May 7.(7)

12th. May Tuesday
The Manchester Ship Canal Bill was read a third time and passed in the House of Lords. May 12.(7)

12th. May Tuesday
Colonel Bridgford, of the First Manchester Rifle Volunteers, was gazetted a Companion of the Order of the Bath. May 12.(7)

14th. May Thursday
Signor Michele Alessio Raspi, the celebrated bassoon player, died at his house in Moss Side, May 14. Signor Raspi's last engagement was with Herr Richter. He was born at Asti, in Piedmont, July 16, 1813. His first important engagement was, in 1843, as principal bassoon player in the Royal Chapel and Chamber, at Turin, of King Carlo Alberto, a position which could only be obtained by a severe competitive examination. During his residence in Turin he enjoyed the friendship of both King Carlo Alberto and of his son, King Victor Emmanuel. Previously to coming to England he passed two or three years in Paris, where he had the honour of playing in private to Rossini, who so much admired his execution that he gave him a warm recommendation to the late Sir Michael Costa. Arrived in London, he was engaged as principal bassoon player at Her Majesty's Theatre and at most of the leading Metropolitan concerts, a position which he occupied for some years. In 1857 he came to Manchester with Mr. Charles Halle, and from that period until the close of the season of 1883 was principal bassoon player in Mr. Halle's band. During the last two seasons he had filled the same position in Mr. De Jong's band. He is buried at the Southern Cemetery.(7)

15th. May Friday
Mr. Sigismund J. Stern, J.P., died at his residence, East Grove, Little Barnet, Hertfordshire, May 15. He was a son of Mr. James Stern, of Frankfort-on-the-Maine, where he was born in 1807, and came to Manchester about 1830. He was shortly admitted a partner, on the firm he represented becoming Messrs. Leo Schuster Brothers and Co. This position he held for nearly half a century. He was one of the first members of the Council of the Cotton Relief Fund, one of the first promoters of the now historical Art Treasures Exhibition at Old Trafford in 1857, being, with Sir T. Fairbairn, Sir J. Heron, Mr. Thomas Ashton, Mr. William Entwisle, and Mr. Edmund Potter, a member of the executive committee, and a very liberal donor to the guarantee fund.(7)

20th. May Wednesday
The police made a raid on the Betting Clubs in Manchester, May 20. There was a second raid on May 22.(7)

24th. May Sunday
Mr. James Hall, of St. Mary's Gate, died May 24, aged 67 years. He was well-known as an active Freemason. He is buried in the Salford Cemetery.(7)

25th. May Monday
The annual procession of Church Sunday Schools took place on Whit-Monday, May 25, when the number of children was computed at 23,082.(7)

25th. May Monday
Over five thousand persons visited the Art Gallery, in Mosley Street, on May 25, between ten a.m. and six p.m.(7)

26th. May Tuesday
Mr. John Thorburn, M.D., died May 26. He was born at Huddersfield In 1834, but whilst still a boy his parents came to Manchester. He was educated at the High School and University of Edinburgh. After graduating in 1855- his thesis was Surgical Fever-he acted as resident at the Edinburgh Hospital and at Brompton, but in 1858 settled in Manchester, where he became connected with the Chorlton-upon-Medlock Dispensary and the Clinical Hospital. In 1866 he was appointed physician to the Southern Hospital and lecturer on obstetrics in the Royal School of Medicine, which afterwards became the Medical Department of the Owens College with Dr. Thorburn as a professor, as well as of the Victoria University. In 1873 he became obstetric physician to the Royal Infirmary. He took an active part in the work of the medical societies, and was a member of the College of Physicians, at the beginning of May he was elected fellow, but had not been admitted, His Practical Treatise on the Diseases of Women was issued just before his death. He married, in 1860, the daughter of his father's partner, Mr. John Anderson. His eldest son, Dr. William Thorburn, had just completed a brilliant university career at the time of his father's death.(7)

30th. May Saturday
Mr. Joseph Sidebotham, J.P., F.R.A.S., F.S.A., died at Bowdon, May 30, aged 62 years. After a successful career as a calico printer, he retired in 1877 and devoted himself to those scientific pursuits which had previously occupied his leisure. He was the author of several astronomical memoirs, and was for years an active member of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society.(7)

2nd. June Tuesday
The trial of the men arrested at the betting clubs was begun, June 2, at the City Police Court.(7)

2nd. June Tuesday
A conference of representatives of Miners' Permanent Relief Societies was held in Manchester, June 2, to consider a proposal of the committee of the Hartley Relief Fund (Northumberland) to make their surplus fund of over £20,000 the groundwork of a national fund. A committee was appointed to confer with the Hartley committee, and to prepare a scheme for the distribution of the accruing interest of such a national fund with a view to aid the different permanent societies.(7)

3rd. June Wednesday
A Conservative demonstration was held at the Ardwick Conservative Club, June 3, under the presidency of Mr. S. Chesters-Thompson, at which were present amongst others Lord F. Hamilton, Mr. W. H. Houldsworth, M.P., and Mr. A. J. Balfour, M.P.(7)

3rd. June Wednesday
At a meeting of the Manchester City Council, June 3, the mayor (Alderman Harwood) presiding, a discussion took place with reference to the salary of Sir Joseph Heron, the town clerk, Alderman Heywood moving that his proposal to surrender £500 per annum be approved. He stated that in 1877 Sir Joseph Heron was, by a resolution of the council, appointed at a salary of £2,500 per annum, which he was then receiving, consulting town clerk, on the understanding that he would retain the office and continue to discharge the formal duties of the town clerk until other and final arrangements were made by the council. To Alderman Heywood's resolution an amendment was moved by Alderman Walton Smith, to the effect that the matter be referred back to the committee, with an expression of the opinion of the council that the amount to be paid to the town clerk should not exceed £1,500 per annum. On a division the amendment was approved by 32 to 15.(7)

3rd. June Wednesday
At a special meeting of the Salford Town Council, June 3, a resolution was passed unanimously authorising the Watch Committee to frame bye-laws with a view of preventing "the cries of persons vending newspapers or other articles in the streets, especially on the Lord's Day."(7)

3rd. June Wednesday
Several more cases arising out of the raids by the Manchester police on local betting clubs were disposed of by the stipendiary magistrate at the City Police Court, June 3.(7)

4th. June Thursday
At the City Police Court, June 4, Mr. Headlam heard more charges under the Betting Houses Act against a large number of persons connected with 15 out of the 23 clubs upon which simultaneous raids were made by the police a fortnight ago. There were convictions in connection with every club, and numerous fines were imposed, the total fines and extra costs amounting to nearly £1,000.(7)

4th. June Thursday
The Manchester City Extension Bill came before the Examiner of Private Bills in the House of Commons, June 4, and on the ground that certain notices were lodged behind time it failed to comply with the standing orders. The Bill was accordingly remitted to the standing orders committee.(7)

4th. June Thursday
The Manchester Ship Canal Bill was read ,a second time in the House of Commons. June 4.(7)

7th. June Sunday
Hon. Auberon Herbert delivered an address in the Co-operative Hall, Downing Street, on "The Widest Possible Liberty," on Sunday, June 7.(7)

8th. June Monday
At the City Police Court, June 8, the stipendiary had before him twenty-four persons who were arrested in the "raid" on betting clubs in this city. The defendants were members of the Ellesmere Club, and the case was adjourned to June 9, when they were committed to the Manchester Assizes.(7)

9th. June Tuesday
The twenty-second annual meeting of the Gas Institute of Great Britain was opened in Manchester, June 9, under the presidency of Mr. Thomas Newbigging, C.E. In the absence of the Mayor of Manchester, the members had a few words of welcome addressed to them by Mr. Alderman Bailey. The reading and discussion of papers on subjects pertaining to the gas industry was afterwards proceeded with. The meeting extended over four days.(7)

9th. June Tuesday
The city stipendiary, on June 9, reduced a charge made by the Manchester Corporation for the services of the Fire Brigade at a fire which occurred in May, 1884, on premises in Bridgewater Place, High Street, from £73 10s. to £26 10s. Mr. Headlam was of opinion that the higher sum, arrived at by a percentage scale based upon the value of the property endangered by the fire, was an unreasonable demand, and he fixed the amount to be paid in accordance with the time scale drawn up after the passing of the Improvement Act of 1866. In another case, relating to a fire in Fennel Street, he regarded the sum charged by the Corporation, £25 10s., as not unreasonable, and therefore did not interfere with it.(7)

11th. June Thursday
Mr. Thomas Bond died June 11, at Chorlton-on Medlock. About three weeks before his death he was struck down by paralysis. From this attack he never rallied, and he died at the age of 77. He had been a prominent figure amongst Manchester Liberals for many years. Along with Mr. Hicks, of Leeds, the late Mr. George Wilson, and others, he assisted in forming the National Reform Union. The Union and Emancipation Society was started at his house, and under his auspices all the elaborate arrangements were made for the first Free Trade Hall meeting, which led to the formation of the society. Mr. Bond was an enthusiastic temperance reformer, a teetotaller of forty-eight years' standing, and one of the earliest members of the United Kingdom Alliance. He was the son of a Reformer who suffered for his principles during the troubled political times of 1819, being one of seven ratepayers who signed a requisition to the boroughreeve praying him to call a meeting to petition Parliament to repeal the corn laws. He is buried at Rusholme Road Cemetery.(7)

12th. June Thursday
Mr. H. H. Johnston, the well-known African traveller, delivered an address to the members of the Manchester Geographical Society upon the Commerce of the East Coast of Africa, June 12.(7)

15th. June Monday
The golden jubilee of the Right Rev. Monsignor Croskell, D.D., Domestic Prelate to His Holiness Leo XIII., Provost of the Cathedral Chapter and Vicar General of the Diocese of Salford, was celebrated June 15 at St. John's Cathedral, Salford.(7)

15th. June Monday
The eighty-ninth annual conference of the Methodist New Connexion commenced June 15 in the Salem Chapel, Strangeways. The Rev. A. McCurdy (the chapel fund secretary) was elected president. The annual missionary meeting of the denomination was held at the Free Trade Hall in the evening, under the chairmanship of the Mayor of Manchester (Mr. Alderman J. J. Harwood).(7)

18th. June Thursday
By an explosion at the Clifton Hall Colliery, Pendleton, 176 lives were lost. June 18.(7)

26th. June Friday
At a conversazione given on June 26, by the Mayor and Mayoress of Manchester, at the Town Hall, a number of addresses were presented to Colonel A. D. Shaw, United States Consul, from the various Christian and philanthropic institutions in the city and neighbourhood, in whose work he has taken a deep interest and an active part during his residence in Manchester.(7)

16th. July Thursday
48 and 49 Victoria, cap. 72. Act for extending the time for completing certain of the tramways of the Manchester, Bury, Rochdale, and Oldham Steam Tramways Company. July 16.(7)

22nd. July Wednesday
48 and 49 Victoria, cap. 107. Act to confirm certain provisional orders of the Local Government Board relative to the . . . City of Manchester . . . July 22.(7)

22nd. July Wednesday
48 and 49 Victoria, cap. 126. Act to extend the boundaries of the city of Manchester, and for other purposes. July 22.(7)

23rd. July Thursday
Mr. Henry Arthur Forsyth, senior partner in the firm of Messrs. Forsyth Brothers, music sellers, died July 23. For at least three generations-in fact since the origin of the firm-a member of Mr. Forsyth's family had been intimately connected with Messrs. John Broadwood and Sons, the pianoforte makers. Previous to settling in Manchester Mr. Forsyth himself had been an active manager for Messrs. Broadwood. Following his younger brother (Mr. James Forsyth), who had come to Manchester at the instance of Mr. Charles Halle, the deceased, about the time of the Art Treasures Exhibition, commenced business with his brother as music sellers in St. Ann Street, Deansgate. Shortly afterwards they became agents of Mr. Charles Halle's concerts. Mr. Forsyth is buried at Brooklands.(7)

24th. July Monday
The Pendleton Public Baths opened by the Mayor of Salford, July 24.(7)

27th. July Monday
A town's meeting was held July 27, at the Manchester Town Hall, under the presidency of the Mayor (Mr. Alderman Harwood), "for the purpose of giving expression to the views of the citizens upon the necessity of more effectual measures for the protection of women and girls."(7)

31st. July Friday
A public inquiry was held before Mr. Richard Smith, special commissioner, respecting the boundaries of the new wards added to the city. July 31.(7)

6th. August Thursday
The Royal Assent was given to the Manchester Ship Canal Bill, August 6.(7)

10th. August Monday
Mr. William Gough Birchby died August 10. He was born in 1850, and was educated under the care of the Rev. Thomas Mackereth, whom he succeeded as head-master of the New Jerusalem Schools, Irwell Street, Salford. He was a successful teacher, and devoted much of his leisure to scientific pursuits, and was a Fellow of the Royal Meteorological Society. Mr. Birchby was a Swedenborgian, and occasionally supplied the pulpit of the New Jerusalem Church at Worsley, Wigan, and other places. He was the honorary secretary of the Vegetarian Society. Mr. Birchby, who had been in failing health for some time, died at Eskdale, and was buried at Euxton.(7)

12th. August Wednesday
At an adjourned meeting of the Manchester City Council, held August 12, a resolution was adopted congratulating the citizens on the passing of the Ship Canal Bill, and assuring Mr. Daniel Adamson and his colleagues of the council's high appreciation of the services rendered by them through three sessions of Parliament.(7)

19th. August Wednesday
A meeting of the subscribers to the fund which has been used in obtaining Parliamentary powers to construct a ship canal between Liverpool and Manchester was held August 19, in the Manchester Town Hall. Mr. Daniel Adamson (chairman of the Provisional Committee) presided, and explained that the Provisional Committee agreed to purchase the Bridgewater Canal and the rights of the proprietors of the Irwell and Mersey Navigation on the urgent recommendation of their leading counsels. Mr. W. Agnew, M.P., moved the adoption of a resolution thanking Mr. Adamson and the Provisional Committee for the extraordinary energy and perseverance which they have displayed in regard to the enterprise. In doing so, Mr. Agnew remarked that it was a scandal upon Parliamentary institutions and a reflection upon the common sense of the people that a matter like the Ship Canal Bill should have to go through an ordeal before no less than six Committees of Parliament. What had occurred in that instance was likely to have some influence in setting in motion forces that would compel Parliament to deal with such matters in a more common-sense and business-like fashion. The resolution was adopted.(7)

29th. August Saturday
The jubilee of the Independent Order of Rechabites was celebrated in Salford, August 29. The Rechabites formed a teetotal friendly society in Salford in 1835. In the jubilee year they had one hundred thousand members- all pledged abstainers.(7)

31st. August Monday
It was intimated at the monthly meeting of the Royal Infirmary Board, August 31, that Her Majesty had, on the advice of the Chancellor of the Duchy, directed that a sum of £3,000 should be paid out of the estate of the late Mr. Samuel Fletcher, formerly a pawnbroker in Great Ancoats Street, who died in testate, by way of an endowment to be specially conferred on the Barnes Convalescent Home at Cheadle. In order to perpetuate the memory of the person out of whose property it has been made, the Chancellor directs that the endowment shall bear the name of the "Samuel Fletcher Endowment."(7)

9th. September Wednesday
At the Manchester Licensing Sessions, September 9, the licences of several well-known houses were withdrawn, on the ground that the holders had been convicted of offences against the Betting-houses Act. In addition to the various forfeitures which were enforced, a considerable number of persons were warned in most emphatic terms of the consequences that must follow if they allowed betting men to frequent their houses.(7)

10th. September Thursday
The Salford police, September 10, made a raid on all the clubs known to be in existence merely for betting purposes. The police also visited a number of beerhouses, where they had good reason to suspect that betting was being carried on. Twenty-two persons were arrested, and taken to the Town Hall, where they were charged, and then released on bail.(7)

26th. September Saturday
A conference of elective auditors was held at the Town Hall, September 26. Mr. J. F. B. Firth, M.P., presided.(7)

30th. September Wednesday
The townships of Bradford and Harpurhey and Rusholme Local Board District were added to the city, under the provisions of the Manchester City Extension Act, 1885. September 30.(7)

September
Between September, 1884, and September, 1885, 1,163 persons were arrested in Manchester for drunkenness. Of these 111 were not bona-fide residents.(7)

3rd. October Saturday
The Trades and Friendly Societies of the district celebrated the passing of the Manchester Ship Canal Act by a grand procession, and by meetings at Belle Vue Gardens and Alexandra Park, October 3. In spite of the unfavourable weather, the demonstration was large and enthusiastic. A great meeting was held in the Free Trade Hall, October 5, when Mr. Pember, Q.C., and Mr. H. M. Stanley, were the principal speakers.(7)

6th. October Tuesday
A banquet was given by the Mayor of Manchester to the promoters of the Ship Canal Act, October 6.(7)

12th. October Monday
A reading-room for boys was opened at the Rochdale Road Branch Free Library, October 12.(7)

16th. October Friday
At a meeting of the Salford Town Council, held October 16, a resolution was proposed asking that the Corporation should subscribe to the capital of the Ship Canal Company by taking up shares therein to an extent not exceeding twenty-five thousand shares of £10 each, and that application should be forthwith made to Parliament for the necessary powers. After discussion, however, the motion was withdrawn in favour of an amendment to the effect that the Corporation should consider the expediency of taking up shares to an extent not exceeding the number proposed in the original resolution, when the rate-payers expressed their opinion that such a course was desirable.(7)

18th. October Sunday
Alderman Thomas Davies died at Pendleton, October 18, aged 75 years. He first entered the Salford Council in 1853, and remained a councillor for three years. He was again elected in November, 1859, and was thrice mayor-in 1868-69-70. He was chairman of the Libraries and Parks Committee, and took a prominent part in all municipal affairs. He was officially connected with the Irwell Street Wesleyan Chapel, where he not unfrequently preached.(7)

19th. October Monday
Mr. William Hughes died at Cheetwood, Oct. 19, aged 65 years. He was a native of Liverpool, where he was born in 1821, but his family removed whilst he was very young. He was educated at the Manchester Grammar School and the Mechanics' Institution, and throughout his life took the warmest interest in the question of elementary education. He was elected on the first Manchester School Board, and retained his connection with that body until his death. He was an active member of the New Church (Swedenborgian) denomination. Few men did more good or were more beloved by all. He is buried at St. Paul's, Kersal.(7)

21st. October Wednesday
Mr. F. H. Cowen delivered an address at the annual meeting of the local branch of the Society of Professional Musicians, October 21.(7)

21st. October Wednesday
Mr. William H. J. Traice died at Leamington, October 21. He was for a number of years a familiar figure in the literary and artistic circles of Manchester. As organising master of the science classes of the Bridgewater Trust, and subsequently as agent of the Lancashire and Cheshire Union of Institutes, he did good service. He was a frequent contributor to the local press.(7)

22nd. October Thursday
Mr. John Slagg, M.P., delivered an address, at the Junior Reform Club, on "Poverty in India," October 22. This led to a prolonged controversy with Sir James Fergusson.(7)

22nd. October Thursday
The Right Rev. James Fraser, D.D., Lord Bishop of Manchester, died at Bishop's Court, Higher Broughton, October 22. He was born in 1818 at Prestbury, near Cheltenham, but he was a cadet of the family of Fraser of Darris. He was educated at Bridgnorth and Shrewsbury Schools, and proceeded to Oxford University, where he had a brilliant career. He was a Fellow of Oriel from 1840 to 1847, and having entered holy orders received the college living of Cholderton. This, and the position of Chancellor of Salisbury Cathedral, he resigned in 1860, when he became rector of Ufton Nervet. He was an assistant commissioner of the Royal Commission on Education, in 1858-60, and of the School Inquiry Commission of 1865. For the latter he examined and reported on the Canadian and American schools. In 1867 he reported for the Agricultural Children's Commission in the counties of Gloucester, Norfolk, Essex, and Sussex. On the death of Bishop Lee, in December, 1869, Mr. Fraser was nominated to the see of Manchester. Into the work of the diocese he threw all the energy of his nature, and whilst very strictly maintaining "church lines" he was glad of opportunities of co-operation with those of other creeds, and so earned the title of "Bishop of all denominations." When the Social Science Congress was held in Manchester, in 1879, the Bishop was called upon to preside. He married Miss Duncan on January 15, 1880. The occasion was seized to present him with a testimonial, which included a bust, by Mr. Warrington Wood, for the Town Hall; a portrait, by Sir John Millais, for Mrs. Fraser; and a sum of money for the foundation of a scholarship at the Owens College. The diocese prospered greatly under his care, and the only untoward incident in his episcopate was the Miles Platting case, with its train of misunderstandings and bitter feeling. The bishop had great powers as a preacher and speaker, and his quick sympathy with that which was good gave him a hold upon the sympathies of all. He is buried at Ufton Nervet.(7)

28th. October Wednesday
At a public meeting of the ratepayers of Salford, held October 28, a resolution was carried approving of the proposal that the Town Council should contribute the sum of £250,000 towards the capital of the Ship Canal Company. The proceedings were not entirely unanimous.(7)

28th. October Wednesday
Meeting of the members of the Manchester Athenĉum in celebration of the jubilee of that Institution was held on October 28. Mr. Samuel Ogden was in the chair. The proceedings were opened by Mr. John Slagg, M.P., introducing to the meeting Mr. A. E. Fitzgerald, senior Vice-President of the Athenĉum, who thereupon presented to Mr. Ogden, his (Mr. Ogden's) portrait, painted in oil by Mr. G. Perkins, and with it an address, handsomely bound up with the signatures of the subscribers to the portrait. Speeches were then made by Mr. Ogden, Alderman Harwood, Sir H. Roscoe, Mr. James Heywood, Bishop Vaughan, Principal Greenwood, Mr. Oliver Heywood, Mr. J. F. Hulton, and Professor Boyd Dawkins.(7)

1st. November Sunday
The first elections of councillors for Bradford, Harpurhey, and Rusholme Wards was held November 1.(7)

3rd. November Tuesday
A conference of sanitary authorities on the subject of cholera was held in Manchester Town Hall, November 3.(7)

4th. November Wednesday
The poll for the election of the Salford School Board was taken November 4. There were sixteen candidates for the fifteen seats.(7)

5th. November Thursday
The poll for the election of the Manchester School Board was taken November 5. There were twenty candidates for the fifteen seats. The result was declared on November 6.(7)

9th. November Monday
Mr. Randall H. Alcock died suddenly at his residence, Hudcar, Didsbury, November 9. Mr. Alcock was a cotton manufacturer at Hudcar, Bury, for many years, and had a large acquaintance with the details of the cotton industry. He also took an interest in botany, and was the author of Botanical Names for English Readers, 1884. He was a fellow of the Linnĉan Society, and was founder and president of the Bury Natural History Society.(7)

11th. November Wednesday
The Salford Town Council decided, November 11, to promote a bill in Parliament which would authorise them to subscribe £250,000 to the capital of the Ship Canal Company.(7)

12th. November Thursday
A great fire broke out in warehouses in Portland Street and Princess Street, in premises occupied by Messrs. L. Behrens, November 12. The damage was estimated at £150,000.(7)

16th. November Monday
The City Art Gallery was first lighted by electricity, November 16.(7)

25th. November Wednesday
The first Parliamentary election for Salford, after its division into three constituencies under the Seats Act, 1884, was held November 25, and resulted in the return of Mr. B. Armitage (L.) for West Salford, Mr. W. Mather (L.) for South Salford, and Mr. Edward Hardcastle (C.) for North Salford.(7)

26th. November Thursday
The first Parliamentary election in Manchester, after the division of the city into six constituencies, under the Seats Act, 1884, was held November 26. The result was the return of Mr. A. J. Balfour (C.) for East Manchester, Mr. J. F. Hutton (C.) for North Manchester, Sir James Fergusson (C.) for North-East Manchester, Mr. W. H. Houldsworth (C.) for North-West Manchester, Sir H. E. Roscoe (L.) for South Manchester, and Lord F. C. Hamilton (C.) for South-West Manchester.(7)

30th. November Monday
Rev. Joseph Nunn elected chairman of the new Manchester School Board at its first meeting, November 30, thus displacing Mr. Herbert Birley, who had occupied the position from the formation of the Board in 1870.(7)

30th. November Monday
St. Andrew's Day was celebrated by the Manchester Scotchmen at the Victoria Hotel. Lord Balfour occupied the chair at the dinner. November 30.(7)

1st. December Tuesday
The Manchester City Council authorised the acceptance of tenders for works in connection with the Thirlmere Water Scheme, December 1.(7)

9th. December Wednesday
The Manchester City Council authorised the purchase of Carrington Moss for the purposes of the Health Committee, December 9.(7)

18th. December Friday
The new premises of the Sehiller-Anstalt, in Nelson Street, were formally opened by the Mayor of Manchester, December 18.(7)

25th. December Friday
Henry Charlewood, Chairman of the Manchester Board of Guardians, died, in his 74th. year.(8)

29th. December Tuesday
Mr. Edmund John Syson died at St. Ives, December 29, aged 45. He was educated at Queen's College, Birmingham, and was L.R.C.S. and L.R.C.P. of Edinburgh. From 1868 to 1873 he was medical officer of health for Salford, and took an active part in the sanitary work of the district. On resigning his appointment he went to Rotherham, and afterwards settled at St. Ives in private practice. He wrote The Cry of the Children and various other papers and pamphlets.(7)

30th. December Wednesday
Mr. Edward J. Poynter, R.A., delivered an address to the students of the Manchester School of Art, December 30.(7)

30th. December Wednesday
Miss M. D. Mutrie died December 30. She was a native of Manchester, and contributed paintings of fruit to the Royal Academy in 1851, and in 1854 removed to London, where she died. (Athenĉum, January 9, 1886.)(7)

30th. December Wednesday
The honour of knighthood was conferred upon Dr. William Roberts, F.R.S., of Manchester, December 30.(7)

31st. December Thursday
At a meeting of the General Purposes Committee of the Manchester Corporation, it was resolved not to oppose the bill which is being promoted by the Corporation of Bolton with regard to the jurisdiction of the Salford Hundred Court of Record. The object of the bill is to exempt the town of Bolton from the jurisdiction of the court in regard to claims for sums of £5 and under. On the recommendation of the Incorporation Sub-committee compensation was granted to several officials of the Rusholme, Bradford, and Harpurhey Local Boards, whose services had been dispensed with in consequence of the incorporation of those districts with Manchester. December 31.(7)

1885
Mr. James Whitehead, M.D., died at his house, Fairlands, Sutton, Surrey, in his seventy-fourth year. He was a native of Oldham, but was long resident in Manchester. After studying in this city he gained experience in the hospitals of London and Paris. He became a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, Eng., 1845; M.D. St. And., 1850; and M.R.C.P.Lon., 1859; and was a member of various learned societies, both British and foreign. He was lecturer on Obstetrics at the Royal School of Medicine, Manchester, before its union with the Owens College, and some years ago held the position of senior officer in ordinary at St. Mary's Hospital, and also that of demonstrator of anatomy. Amongst his published works are Diseases of the Uterine System, Hereditary Diseases, The Wife's Domain, The Rate of Mortality in Manchester, &c. He contributed various papers to the medical journals, including those on "Division of Muscles in Spinal Distortion," and "A Case of Cĉsarian Operation," which appeared in the Medical Gazette in 1840-41. Dr. Whitehead was a founder, in conjunction with the late Dr. A. Schoeff-Merei, of the Manchester Clinical Hospital. He is buried at Ardwick Cemetery.(7)

1885
Mr George Walker, J.P., merchant, died at Llanrhos, aged 76. He was a native of Derbyshire, but came at an early age to Manchester, where he made a fortune.(7)

1885
Mr. Thomas William Tatton, of Wythenshaw Hall, died, aged 68.(7)

1885
The Cheetham Park was opened by the mayor (Alderman Harwood). It is six acres in extent, and cost £15,000.(7)