DROYLSDEN

1830

CLAYTON

Clayton, a hamlet in the township of Droylsden, parish of Manchester, hundred of Salford, 3 miles E. from Manchester.

DROYLSDEN

Droylsden, a township in the parish of Manchester, hundred of Salford, 4 miles E. from Manchester. Inhabitants 2855. The Clock House is the residence of Samuel Buxton esq.

FAIRFIELD

Fairfield, a hamlet in the township of Droylsden, parish of Manchester, hundred of Salford, 4 miles E. from Manchester. In this place is a settlement belonging to the Moravians, established about the year 1775, so extensive as to have the appearence of a considerable village; the cotton manufacture forms a principal part of the employment of its inhabitants, and several trades are carried on within its boundaries : the chapel is commodious and provided with an excellent organ. The ancient Moravians of church history were Protestants of Bohemia, the disciples of John Huss, who in the fifteenth century threw off the yoke of Rome; they subsequently assumed the title of the Church of the United Brethren. The founder of the modern sect, Nicholas Lewis count of Zinzendorf, was desirous that it should be considered as a revival of these Hussites, but he did not meet with success on that point. The count settled in Bartholdsdorf, in Upper Lusatia, in 1721. The society of Moravions increased so rapidly, that in 1749 it possessed 98 establishments and nearly 1000 preachers scattered all over the globe. The count Zinzendorf died in 1760. He professed to adhere in doctrine to the confession of Augsburg, but it is certain that peculiar notions and observances had crept into practice amongst his followers. Nothing can be more absurd than the translation of the Moravian Hymns : the well known specimen, "Chicken Blessed', in the Bath Guide, is a genuine production, and not a burlesque as might be supposed. The Moravians are divided into various classes, of married men, married women, widowers, widows, maids, single men, and children, each class being placed under the inspection of a director, and the produce of their labour forms a common stock : but, the fumes of enthusiasm evaporating, the decline of the sect has been nearly as rapid and remarkable as its rise. The stimulus of self interest, and the hope of enjoying a something that can properly be called one's own, being that which will alone induce mankind to a continuation of labourious exertion.

GREENSIDE

Greenside, a hamlet in the township of Droylsden, parish of Manchester,hundred of Salford, 4 miles E. from Manchester.

MOSS SIDE

Moss Side, a hamlet in the township of Droylsden, parish of Manchester, hundred of Salford, 4 miles E. from Manchester. This place is situated near the western edge of Ashton Moss.

(3) The New Lancashire Gazetteer or Topographical Dictionary 1830