ECCLES PARISH

1841

Eccles, a village and parish in the wapentake and hundred of Salford, barony, division, and polling district of Manchester, comprising 16,500 statute acres, and divided into five townships, Barton - on - Irwell, Worsley, Pendleton, Clifton, and Pendlebury. The village of Eccles is in Barton, 4 miles W. of Manchester. Two Roman roads are traceable. The principal old halls are Worsley, Wardley, Agecroft, and Irlam. A court leet is held for Barton, and a court baron for Worsley. The church, dedicated to St. Mary, existed in 1111, rebuilt in 15th century, living a vicarage, patron the crown, annual value 500; here is an interesting and ancient tomb, date 1598. - The episcopal chapels of the parish are 5, Ellenbrook, Worsley, date unknown, domestic; Swinton, Worsley, St. Peter's, date 1791, annual value of curacy 126; Walkden - moor, Worsley, date 1838; Pendleton, St. Thomas's, date 1776, rebuilt 1830, annual value 200; Pendlebury, erecting - patronage various. - Chapels are projected at Barton and Clifton. - The Catholics have 1, and the dissenters 17 chapels, Wesleyans, Barton 5, Worsley 2, Pendleton 1, 8; New Connexion, Barton 1, Pendleton 1; Independent Methodist, Barton; Primitives, Worsley; Independents, Barton 1, Clifton, 1; Unitarians, Barton 1, Pendlebury 1; and Swedenborgians, Worsley. Cotton weaving and spinning, calico printing and bleaching, coal mining, &c. are the principal businesses, and there is a steam engine manufactory. In 1834 the number of steam engines was 59, of which 34 were engaged in coal winding, 13 in cotton trade, and 7 in calico printing : in 1838 there were 13 cotton, and 3 silk manufactories, employing 2,525 hands. The Irwell is navigable, and the Manchester and Worsley canal, a celebrated work of Francis, third Duke of Bridgewater, cut 1759 - - 1761, crosses the parish - the stupendous works of the Bridgewater navigation exhibit a degree of mechanical skill and of individual capital and enterprize, unparalleled perhaps in the history of this country - the extensive coal mines of Worsley are connected by 33 miles of subterraneous canals. The Worsley and Leigh, date 1795, and Manchester and Bolton canals, date 1791, pass the parish; the Manchester and Liverpool railway, cut 1826 - 1830, and the Manchester and Bolton railway, 1834 - 1838,  pass through the district. The principal villages are Pendleton, population 8,435, Swinton, Eccles, and Irlams-o'th'-Height. The parish population in 1776 was 8,729; 1793, 14,265; 1801, 16,119; 1811, 19,502; 1821, 23,331; 1831, 28,083 :- in 1831 the population of Barton - on - Irwell was 8,976, Pendleton 8,435, and Worsley 7,839. Slightly endowed schools at Davyhulme, Eccles, Roegreen, and Pendleton : in 1833 the daily schools were 36, several are free by private bounty, sunday 26, infant 9, and boarding 6. There is a Dispensary connected with Pendleton, date 1831. Pendleton, and part of Pendlebury, are in the borough of Salford. The land is chiefly in pasture, average rent per acre 2. Coal abounds, and there is some ordinary stone. Chat Moss comprised a few years ago 6,000 acres of peat soil, but is undergoing rapid improvement; at the time the railway was formed over this moss it was estimated to contain 60 millions of tons of vegetable matter. There are brine springs in Barton, and a mineral spring in Worsley. Annual value of property 1815, 53,446; 1829, 88,694.

(5) A Statistical Sketch of the County Palatine of Lancaster 1841